Is There a Way to Sober Up Faster?

You may be aware of certain hacks to sober up, but researchers have found a way to actually get booze out of our systems faster. And this discovery could help first responders when facing alcohol overdoses.

Hosted by: Hank Green

SciShow has a spinoff podcast! It’s called SciShow Tangents. Check it out at http://www.scishowtangents.org
———-
Support SciShow by becoming a patron on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/scishow
———-
Huge thanks go to the following Patreon supporters for helping us keep SciShow free for everyone forever:

Silas Emrys, Jb Taishoff, Bd_Tmprd, Harrison Mills, Jeffrey Mckishen, James Knight, Christoph Schwanke, Jacob, Matt Curls, Sam Buck, Christopher R Boucher, Eric Jensen, Lehel Kovacs, Adam Brainard, Greg, Ash, Sam Lutfi, Piya Shedden, KatieMarie Magnone, Scott Satovsky Jr, charles george, Alex Hackman, Chris Peters, Kevin Bealer
———-
Looking for SciShow elsewhere on the internet?
Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/scishow
Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/scishow
Tumblr: http://scishow.tumblr.com
Instagram: http://instagram.com/thescishow
———-
SOURCES
Alcohol metabolism textbook http://europepmc.org/backend/ptpmcrender.fcgi?accid=PMC3484320&blobtype=pdf
Alcohol metabolism fact sheet
https://www.bgsu.edu/recwell/wellness-connection/alcohol-education/alcohol-metabolism.html
https://sites.duke.edu/apep/module-4-alcohol-and-the-breathalyzer-test/content-ethanol-leaves-the-lungs-in-the-air/

Hyperventilation: https://buteykoclinic.com/docs/The%2BPathophysiology%2Bof%2BHyperventilation%2BDisorders_1460399407.pdf

New CO2 mask tech
https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-020-76233-9
https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2020-11/uhn-cda111020.php

Dialysis for alcohol
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/22237216/

Partial pressure of oxygen
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6420699/

Image Sources:
https://www.istockphoto.com/vector/co2-carbon-dioxide-molecule-3d-illustration-gm867524728-144316811
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/man-inhaling-through-inhaler-mask-gm518438086-90044809
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/cold-mug-of-beer-in-a-bar-gm1200498599-343893800
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/hot-drink-gm950489118-259437481
https://www.storyblocks.com/video/stock/broadway-nashville-tennessee-nightlife-time-lapse-zoom-out-long-exposure-time-lapse-shot-of-famous-broadway-entertainment-district-of-downtown-nashville-tennessee-zoom-out-skobmpv7xiwdp8rsk
https://www.storyblocks.com/video/stock/3d-rendering-red-blood-cells-in-vein-heer9tjaukbnnttl9
https://www.storyblocks.com/video/stock/handheld-shot-of-bearded-man-in-yellow-beanie-hat-and-blue-windbreaker-leaning-on-workout-dip-bars-at-outdoor-gym-and-catching-his-breath-after-training-on-cold-winter-day-rz7lrq1d8k8endqkj
https://www.istockphoto.com/vector/vascular-system-blood-vessels-on-blue-gm621841642-108703205
https://www.istockphoto.com/vector/young-male-character-poses-collection-front-side-and-back-views-gm1218892675-356335719
https://www.istockphoto.com/vector/holidays-in-the-city-gm453319607-30461016

https://www.istockphoto.com/vector/no-sign-icon-red-crossed-circle-vector-design-gm1204457395-346578900
https://www.storyblocks.com/video/stock/pouring-water-into-glass-close-up-of-pouring-liquid-in-clean-glass-laboratory-testing-of-water-clean-water-in-glass-healthy-aqua-freshness-beverage-scfuhs1f7jm90b2fw
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/home-assistant-doctor-holding-oxygen-mask-over-womens-face-gm1178990763-329744930
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/medical-ventilator-gm1218136220-355839097
https://www.storyblocks.com/video/stock/dialysis-medical-device-with-patient-l4djpg3
https://www.storyblocks.com/video/stock/slowmo-tracking-of-team-of-paramedics-with-emergency-kits-jumping-out-of-ambulance-and-running-towards-unconscious-patient-lying-on-snow-rr72-vpzlk5xk230u

How These Scientists Are Turning X-Ray Vision Into a Reality

Have you ever wondered what it would be like to see through walls? Well, researchers at Stanford University might have just cracked the code on this superpower.
» Subscribe to Seeker! http://bit.ly/subscribeseeker
» Watch more Elements! http://bit.ly/ElementsPlaylist
» Visit our shop at http://shop.seeker.com

CDT is a process that uses a single-photon avalanche diode and pulsed laser systems to effectively see through a medium. With a short pulse of light, a laser illuminates a point on a surface. From here, the light diffuses through the foam and onto the surface of your targeted object on the opposite side. The light from the laser then bounces off the surface of the object and diffuses once again back through the foam and returns to the original point the laser was illuminated.

Researchers then used a processing algorithm and their collected data points to produce a histogram. Which will show the photon count along the y-axis and time along the x-axis. Through these data points, this helps give researchers their first glimpse of what’s on the other side! But that’s just the first step, in order to get a 3D image this process is done multiple times by scanning a series of points on a grid through a process which the team calls confocal scanning.

These data points then work together to effectively create a blurry map. Using this, researchers can then apply a specific set of algorithms and light filters to reconstruct the completed 3D image of the targeted object. And the best part about it is that although this might seem like a really long process, this team is able to completely restructure an image in as little as 0.3 seconds!

#x-rays #x-rayvision #3Dimages #seeker #science #elements

Read More:
“This is really something where we make the invisible visible”
https://engineering.stanford.edu/magazine/article/really-something-where-we-make-invisible-visible
“Using a new algorithm, a team of researchers have reconstructed the movements of individual particles of light to see through clouds, fog and other obstructions.

Imaging Through Scattering Media

Confocal Diffuse Tomography | Nature Communications 2020


“A new computationally efficient method to recover the 3D shape of objects hidden behind a thick scattering layer.”

Seeing Through Walls? The New Tech U.S. Special Forces Want
https://nationalinterest.org/blog/buzz/seeing-through-walls-new-tech-us-special-forces-want-102932
“U.S. Special Operations Command want a detector that can quickly spot where the loot is hidden. The goal of the research project is to develop a handheld device that can detect hidden chambers in an average-sized room and at a range of about 6.5 feet during sensitive site exploitation operations.

____________________

Elements is more than just a science show. It’s your science-loving best friend, tasked with keeping you updated and interested on all the compelling, innovative and groundbreaking science happening all around us. Join our passionate hosts as they help break down and present fascinating science, from quarks to quantum theory and beyond.

Seeker empowers the curious to understand the science shaping our world. We tell award-winning stories about the natural forces and groundbreaking innovations that impact our lives, our planet, and our universe.

Visit the Seeker website https://www.seeker.com/videos

Elements on Facebook https://www.facebook.com/SeekerElements/

Subscribe now! http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=dnewschannel

Seeker on Twitter http://twitter.com/seeker

Seeker on Facebook https://www.facebook.com/SeekerMedia/

Seeker http://www.seeker.com/

Soon, Nature May Stop Helping Us Fight Climate Change | SciShow News

SciShow is supported by Brilliant.org. Go to https://Brilliant.org/SciShow to get 20% off of an annual Premium subscription.

Photosynthesis plays a huge role in regulating the earth’s CO2. But what happens when the temperature gets high enough that photosynthesis slows down?

Hosted by: Hank Green

SciShow has a spinoff podcast! It’s called SciShow Tangents. Check it out at http://www.scishowtangents.org
———-
Support SciShow by becoming a patron on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/scishow
———-
Huge thanks go to the following Patreon supporters for helping us keep SciShow free for everyone forever:

Silas Emrys, Jb Taishoff, Bd_Tmprd, Harrison Mills, Jeffrey Mckishen, James Knight, Christoph Schwanke, Jacob, Matt Curls, Sam Buck, Christopher R Boucher, Eric Jensen, Lehel Kovacs, Adam Brainard, Greg, Ash, Sam Lutfi, Piya Shedden, KatieMarie Magnone, Scott Satovsky Jr, charles george, Alex Hackman, Chris Peters, Kevin Bealer
———-
Looking for SciShow elsewhere on the internet?
Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/scishow
Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/scishow
Tumblr: http://scishow.tumblr.com
Instagram: http://instagram.com/thescishow
———-
Sources:
https://doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.aay1052
https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.12596
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/29030907/
https://doi.org/10.1038/nature21068

Image Sources:
https://www.storyblocks.com/video/stock/biology-and-nature-of-plants-figs-close-up-slow-motion-dolly-shot-close-up-hgh9hzbpxj17u5fhs
https://www.istockphoto.com/vector/a-vector-of-plant-photosynthesis-gm964059380-263218789
https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d6/Fluxnet_Map.jpg
https://www.storyblocks.com/video/stock/massive-tree-in-amazonian-forest-french-guiana-deep-jungle-sunlight-day-time-rumz61azsqjnb4ez7w
https://www.storyblocks.com/video/stock/over-a-frosty-forest-aerial-view-rttavw56hk3wyayeg
https://www.storyblocks.com/video/stock/aerial-view-flying-over-ocean-water-towards-sunset-1-bvw8xn5kfjevix6mb

守护城市”C”味 Guarding the taste of the city’s traditions | Lucheng Lu 卢路成 | TEDxSanyiRoad

每座城市都有自己的传统美食,它反映着城市里的独特记忆与习惯。但随着社会发展和各种原因,传统的食品在逐渐被遗忘。黑色经典联合创始人、长沙传统小吃守护人卢路成看到了这一问题,他将长沙的传统美食——臭豆腐进行模式与工艺上的传承和创新,打破偏见,成功推向了更长远的发展。也希望更多的人能重新认可传统美食,从而对这座城市增加更多一份的好感。
Each city has its own traditional cuisine, which reflects the unique memories and habits of the city. But with social development and various reasons, traditional food is gradually forgotten. “Black Classic”Co-founder Lucheng Lu saw this problem, he inherited and innovated the mode and technology of traditional stinky tofu, also breaking prejudice and successfully pushed it to a longer-term development. It is also hoped that more people will re-acknowledge traditional cuisine, so as to increase a more favorable impression of the city. 2009年,卢路成与团队先是通过小成本摆摊,进行产品测试和调整,等到产品逐渐成熟标准化后,于2010年连开5家标准直营店,2012年拿下了长沙步行街的好铺位,就此一炮而红。现在,黑色经典成为了网红长沙的名片,卢路成对于品牌文化与企业发展有了更深层次的思考,从文化韵味去撩人,将是黑色经典新的增长内力。
In 2009, Lucheng Lu and his team conducted product testing and adjustments through low-cost stalls. After the products became mature and standardized, they opened five standard direct-operated stores in 2010 and won a good shop in Changsha Pedestrian Street in 2012, which became a hit. Now, the black classic has become the business card of the Internet celebrity Changsha. Lucheng Lu has deeper thinking on brand culture and enterprise development. Attracting people with the charm of culture will be the new inner growth force of the black classic. This talk was given at a TEDx event using the TED conference format but independently organized by a local community. Learn more at https://www.ted.com/tedx

What Is The Square’s Area?

Can you solve this delightful problem? Thanks to Elmer for the suggestion!

Subscribe: https://www.youtube.com/user/MindYourDecisions?sub_confirmation=1

Send me suggestions by email (address in video). I cannot reply to everyone but I consider all ideas!

Like many YouTubers I use popular software to prepare my videos. You can search for animation software tutorials on YouTube to learn how to make videos. Be prepared–animation is time consuming and software can be expensive!

Why are there comments before the video is published? Get early access and support the channel on Patreon
https://www.patreon.com/mindyourdecisions

If you buy from the links below I may receive a commission for sales. (As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases.) This has no effect on the price for you.

Show your support! Get a mug, a t-shirt, and more at Teespring, the official site for Mind Your Decisions merchandise:
https://teespring.com/stores/mind-your-decisions

My Books (worldwide links)
https://mindyourdecisions.com/blog/my-books/#worldwide

My Books (US links)
Mind Your Decisions: Five Book Compilation
https://amzn.to/2pbJ4wR
A collection of 5 books:
“The Joy of Game Theory” rated 4.2/5 stars on 150 reviews
http://amzn.to/1uQvA20
“The Irrationality Illusion: How To Make Smart Decisions And Overcome Bias” rated 3.8/5 stars on 12 reviews
http://amzn.to/1o3FaAg
“40 Paradoxes in Logic, Probability, and Game Theory” rated 4/5 stars on 23 reviews
http://amzn.to/1LOCI4U
“The Best Mental Math Tricks” rated 4.4/5 stars on 40 reviews
http://amzn.to/18maAdo
“Multiply Numbers By Drawing Lines” rated 4.5/5 stars on 19 reviews
http://amzn.to/XRm7M4

Mind Your Puzzles: Collection Of Volumes 1 To 3
https://amzn.to/2mMdrJr
A collection of 3 books:
“Math Puzzles Volume 1” rated 4.5/5 stars on 45 reviews
http://amzn.to/1GhUUSH
“Math Puzzles Volume 2” rated 4.5/5 stars on 14 reviews
http://amzn.to/1NKbyCs
“Math Puzzles Volume 3” rated 4.6/5 stars on 12 reviews
http://amzn.to/1NKbGlp

Connect with me
My Blog: https://mindyourdecisions.com/blog/
Twitter: https://twitter.com/preshtalwalkar
Newsletter (sent only for big news, like a new book release): http://eepurl.com/KvS0r

2017 Shorty Awards Nominee. Mind Your Decisions was nominated in the STEM category (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math) along with eventual winner Bill Nye; finalists Adam Savage, Dr. Sandra Lee, Simone Giertz, Tim Peake, Unbox Therapy; and other nominees Elon Musk, Gizmoslip, Hope Jahren, Life Noggin, and Nerdwriter.

Press
https://mindyourdecisions.com/blog/press

FACE YOUR FEARS TO WELCOME CHEER | JAYA ROW | TEDxChowringheeWomen

Can Spirituality play a role in removing fear from our minds and make us Fearless. One of the striking features of spiritual growth is the absence of fear which comes from internal enrichment and strength. Join us to dive deep with Ms. Jaya Row and find out the root cause of fear and methods of overcoming Fear.
Can Spirituality play a role in removing fear from our minds and make us Fearless. One of the striking features of spiritual growth is the absence of fear which comes from internal enrichment and strength. Join us to dive deep with our speaker Ms. Jaya Row and find out the root cause of fear and methods of overcoming Fear.
Jaya Row is one of the most powerful speakers on Vedanta, Indian philosophy. Well-loved and popular as an inspiring spiritual leader, her expositions on Vedanta touch the mind and uplift the intellect. Backed by her experience in corporate life and 40 years of research on Vedanta, she motivates her audiences to live successful and happy lives. Clarity, wit and zeal are the hallmarks of her presentations. Jaya Row has gained international recognition, having spoken at prestigious forums such as the World Economic Forum Davos, World Bank, Young Presidents’ Organization, Princeton University, Purdue University, Washington University and others. This talk was given at a TEDx event using the TED conference format but independently organized by a local community. Learn more at https://www.ted.com/tedx

Academia never had to change: now it’s dire | Tyler Dewitt | TEDxMIT

My father wanted me to become a professor. Instead, as I forged a different path, teaching on YouTube, developing Virtual Reality, and working outside of higher education, it became clear that his beloved academia is headed for major disruption. Tyler DeWitt works at the intersection of science, technology, and education. He is the creator of one of the most popular instructional channels on YouTube and is the video author for the newly-released textbook “Interactive General Chemistry,” published by Macmillan Learning. Tyler is a frequent speaker and consultant on technology and the future of education. Tyler is currently the Executive Director of Innovation at Quality Executive Partners, where he works to bring VR and other learning technologies to the life sciences and pharmaceutical sectors. Tyler holds a Ph.D. in Microbiology from MIT. This talk was given at a TEDx event using the TED conference format but independently organized by a local community. Learn more at https://www.ted.com/tedx

How to turn moments into momentum | Renee Montgomery

Visit http://TED.com to get our entire library of TED Talks, transcripts, translations, personalized talk recommendations and more.

Inspired by the rising movement against racism in the US, WNBA champion Renee Montgomery made an unexpected decision: she opted out of her dream job. As she says in this stirring talk, she wanted to “make it felt,” and that meant turning her attention from the court to the community. But you don’t have to be a basketball star to make it felt; anyone can turn important moments into meaningful momentum. How will you?

The TED Talks channel features the best talks and performances from the TED Conference, where the world’s leading thinkers and doers give the talk of their lives in 18 minutes (or less). Look for talks on Technology, Entertainment and Design — plus science, business, global issues, the arts and more. You’re welcome to link to or embed these videos, forward them to others and share these ideas with people you know.

Follow TED on Twitter: http://twitter.com/TEDTalks
Like TED on Facebook: http://facebook.com/TED
Subscribe to our channel: http://youtube.com/TED

TED’s videos may be used for non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons License, Attribution–Non Commercial–No Derivatives (or the CC BY – NC – ND 4.0 International) and in accordance with our TED Talks Usage Policy (https://www.ted.com/about/our-organization/our-policies-terms/ted-talks-usage-policy). For more information on using TED for commercial purposes (e.g. employee learning, in a film or online course), please submit a Media Request at https://media-requests.ted.com

The awkward truth about choosing charities | Peter Singer | Big Think

The awkward truth about choosing charities.
Watch the newest video from Big Think: https://bigth.ink/NewVideo
Join Big Think Edge for exclusive videos: https://bigth.ink/Edge
———————————————————————————-
None of us have infinite bank accounts so when we make charitable donations we have to weigh up how to do it most effectively. What is the most suffering you can reduce for the amount of money you have?

Philosopher Peter Singer uses the Make-A-Wish Foundation as an example. It’s a much-loved charity for the joy it gives to dying children. Yet the cost of the average wish is $7,500—an amount that, if spent effectively, can save one, two, three, four, or more children’s lives, says Peter Singer.

“We ought to think about that before we respond emotionally to what seems like a great idea,” says Singer. “If you compare saving a child’s life with giving a child one great day then anybody—the child, the parents—anybody would say ‘Oh, so much better to save the child’s life, of course.’ And you can save not just one child’s life but more than one.”

A free download of the 10th-anniversary edition of The Life You Can Save: How to Do Your Part to End World Poverty is available here: https://www.thelifeyoucansave.org/the-book/
———————————————————————————-
PETER SINGER:

Peter Singer is the Ira W. DeCamp Professor of Bioethics at Princeton University in the University Center for Human Values and Laureate Professor at the University of Melbourne, in the School of Historical and Philosophical Studies. He is widely considered to be one of the world’s most influential living philosophers.
———————————————————————————-
TRANSCRIPT:

PETER SINGER: I think there clearly are objective criteria for saying that some causes are better than others. One example that I give in the book, there’s a charity called the Make-A-Wish Foundation which asks parents of very ill, often dying children to write in if their child has a wish that they would like to have fulfilled. Obviously, you know, it’s a short-term wish. The foundation can’t save their lives. And they write in and they do something—one example that I read about was a child who wanted to be Batkid for a day so he dressed up in a Batkid costume. The Make-A-Wish Foundation got a car rigged up to look like the Batmobile and somebody to look like Batman and they went out and captured the villain and all of that. The kid had a great day, undoubtedly. But the average cost of fulfilling a child’s wish is $7,500. Now, if given to an effective organization, that could save two, three, four, maybe more children’s lives. If you compare saving a child’s life with giving a child one great day then anybody—the child, the parents—anybody would say oh, so much better to save the child’s life of course. And you can save not just one child’s life but more than one.

So I think we ought to think about that before we respond emotionally to what seems like a great idea: Give a dying kid a great day. We ought to think about: What else can you do with that? And that’s the same for all the giving opportunities that we have on the internet now. If there’s a GoFundMe appeal to save somebody’s pet tortoise, something of that sort well, yeah, that’s nice, but you need to think what else you could do with that money and possibly there are things that you would agree are really more important. As none of us have infinite bank accounts we do always have to think how much am I able to spare for really trying to help people or animals—obviously, I’m not against helping animals—but how much can I really spare to try to reduce suffering in the world? And then if I have that amount, what’s the best way to spend it? How do I get the best value for what I’m donating?
———————————————————————————-
ABOUT BIG THINK:

Smarter Faster™
Big Think is the leading source of expert-driven, actionable, educational content — with thousands of videos, featuring experts ranging from Bill Clinton to Bill Nye, we help you get smarter, faster. S​ubscribe to learn from top minds like these daily. Get actionable lessons from the world’s greatest thinkers & doers. Our experts are either disrupting or leading their respective fields. ​We aim to help you explore the big ideas and core skills that define knowledge in the 21st century, so you can apply them to the questions and challenges in your own life.

Other Frequent contributors include Michio Kaku & Neil DeGrasse Tyson.

Michio Kaku Playlist: https://bigth.ink/kaku
Bill Nye Playlist: https://bigth.ink/BillNye
Neil DeGrasse Tyson Playlist: https://bigth.ink/deGrasseTyson

Read more at Bigthink.com for a multitude of articles just as informative and satisfying as our videos. New articles posted daily on a range of intellectual topics.

“Anonymous” Location Data Problems – Computerphile

How many times have you been asked to share ‘anonymous’ location data? Andrea shows just how simple it can be to work out who’s who.

Andrea Gadotti is a researcher in the Computational Privacy Group at Imperial College London (https://cpg.doc.ic.ac.uk/)

Papers referenced by Andrea:

Unique in the Crowd: The privacy bounds of human mobility (https://www.nature.com/articles/srep01376)

Where You Are Is Who You Are: User Identification by Matching Statistics
(https://arxiv.org/abs/1512.02896v1)

https://www.facebook.com/computerphile

This video was filmed and edited by Sean Riley.

Computer Science at the University of Nottingham: https://bit.ly/nottscomputer

Computerphile is a sister project to Brady Haran’s Numberphile. More at http://www.bradyharan.com

Menstruation- owning your lived experiences. | Sonal Jain | TEDxACE

Most of us have commonly heard people say things like, “Every woman undergoes period pain, you should get used to it” or even worse, “I’ve never seen anyone be so unstable around the time of their periods, then what is the matter with you?”

No two women in the world are born the same then why do we generalize one’s lived experiences? Ms. Sonal Jain talks about the experiences that she has lived with which revolve around her menstrual health. She explains how every experience is unique; how all the information that we are fed with needs to be reassessed, and that every experience is valid and urges all of us to question fiercely, frequently, and with compassion to find the power in our lived experiences. Sonal Jain (Co-Founder, Boondh) is a Menstrual Health Advocate and lives with PCOS & PMDD. She has been an MHH (Menstrual Health & Hygiene) facilitator since 2013. Her previous work includes facilitating teams for World Merit UK in the space of environmental sustainability and education.

She is a Laureate Global Fellow 2018, a World Merit fellow 2015, and a recipient of Microsoft YouthSpark Challenge for Change -Global Award 2015, among other prestigious international fellowships.

Her work on SDG 12 was presented at the UN in New York City in 2016. Her everyday activities include empowering conversations and living mindfully. This talk was given at a TEDx event using the TED conference format but independently organized by a local community. Learn more at https://www.ted.com/tedx

Why visual effects artists love this shiny ball

A chrome ball is a key visual effects tool.

How do visual effects artists match their digital creations to real light? Sometimes, it involves using a very shiny ball.

Leo Bovell of Tryptyc has worked on a range of visual effects projects, but one of his most memorable experiences might be shooting in the Lincoln Memorial for an episode of “The Handmaid’s Tale.” His task? Replace the real Lincoln with a completely digital — and destroyed — version. To do it, he used an industry-standard HDRI map of the light in the scene.

HDRIs — high dynamic range images — mesh together different pictures to create a complete depiction of the light in a real scene. After that, it’s a matter of teaching a computer to cast that light onto digital objects. This technique is used for everything from creating entire scenes to providing key references for artists.

Watch the above video to learn more.

Further Reading:
Paul Debevec is a visual effects pioneer for a wide range of projects, including creating the first digital portrait of the president of the United States. His work in HDRIs was equally groundbreaking, and he catalogs it and other work on his personal website.
https://www.pauldebevec.com/

Large libraries of these digital scenes make it possible to simulate a wide range of environments. HDRI Haven provides more than a few worlds to explore.
https://hdrihaven.com/

Subscribe to our channel! http://goo.gl/0bsAjO

Vox.com is a news website that helps you cut through the noise and understand what’s really driving the events in the headlines. Check out http://www.vox.com.

Watch our full video catalog: http://goo.gl/IZONyE
Follow Vox on Facebook: http://goo.gl/U2g06o
Or Twitter: http://goo.gl/XFrZ5H

The Milky Way: Dark Constellations, A Black Hole & Our Galaxy

The Milky Way is an iconic feature of the night sky. In this episode, we’ll help you spot the center of the galaxy and well-known nebulae in the Milky Way. And we’ll explain how galactic archaeologists like Dreia Carrillo figure out what the Milky Way is actually made of.
» Subscribe to Seeker! http://bit.ly/subscribeseeker
» Visit our shop at http://shop.seeker.com

Huge thank you to Chabot Space & Science Center for all of their help with this video. Check them out here: https://chabotspace.org/

The Milky Way is perhaps one of the most striking features in the night sky. Especially if you’re someplace really dark, during the right season… and even better if you’re in the Southern Hemisphere. And long before humans knew what they were looking at was actually our home galaxy, they used their imagination to comprehend this bright band stretching across the sky.

While we may typically be drawn to the bright lights in the Milky Way, in the past, some cultures paid more attention to the darkness. And it turns out that focusing on the dark in the Milky Way is a pretty good place to start to figure out what our galaxy is made of.

Among those who embraced the dark, dusty lanes of the Milky Way rather than the bright spots were Aboriginal Australians. They saw the Milky Way as a river in the sky with black water holes filled with fish or evil spirits. The areas they identified are known as dark constellations. One of the most well-known dark constellation is the “Emu in the Sky.” Its body is outlined by the bulge in the constellations Scorpius and Sagittarius. Its head is formed by a massive dark nebula closer to the Southern Cross known as the Coalsack.

#blackholes #miklyway #constellations #astronomy #astrology #science #seeker


A Comparison of Dark Constellations of the Milky Way
“The striking appearance of our galaxy in the night sky captivated them and imagined images became part of their cosmologies. This is examined with an emphasis on cultures of the Southern Hemisphere that embraced dark constellations-those made up of the dark dust lanes in the Milky Way rather than the bright stars. Perhaps the best-known examples are those of Aboriginal Australians and the Incas in the Andes, but others exist across the world. We present a brief introduction to cultural perceptions of dark constellations in the Milky Way, and a comparative look at common cultural themes and inspirations.”
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/333700963_A_Comparison_of_Dark_Constellations_of_the_Milky_Way

The Milky Way stellar halo – Andreia Carrillo
“The hierarchical model of galaxy formation predicts the streams and tails of disrupted satellites that we see in observations and simulations. These are signatures of small galaxies being eaten by a bigger galaxy (ours truly) but these only show the current interactions of these systems. For the galaxies that have been fully disrupted and incorporated in the Milky Way though, we are still able to separate them out using chemistry and kinematics!”

Research

Solar System Exploration: The Milky Way
“Like early explorers mapping the continents of our globe, astronomers are busy charting the spiral structure of our galaxy, the Milky Way. Using infrared images from NASA’s Spitzer Space Telescope, scientists have discovered that the Milky Way’s elegant spiral structure is dominated by just two arms wrapping off the ends of a central bar of stars. Previously, our galaxy was thought to possess four major arms.”
https://solarsystem.nasa.gov/resources/285/the-milky-way-galaxy/

You can probably point to the Big Dipper, Orion’s Belt, and your astrological sign in the stars.
But what would the constellations look like from another solar system? And will any of Orion’s stars ever become black holes? In Seeker Constellations, we’ll explain the science of the universe’s most famous stars and dive into the culturally significant stories behind them. Most importantly, we’ll provide a guide to where you can see these incredible constellations for yourself!

Seeker empowers the curious to understand the science shaping our world. We tell award-winning stories about the natural forces and groundbreaking innovations that impact our lives, our planet, and our universe.

Visit the Seeker website https://www.seeker.com

Seeker on Facebook https://www.facebook.com/SeekerMedia/

Seeker on Twitter http://twitter.com/seeker

What if music could find someone you’ve lost? | Steven Sharp Nelson | TEDxSaltLakeCity

As Steven Sharp Nelson grieved the loss of his mother, it was music that finally brought healing. He realized that the people we’ve lost aren’t truly gone; the holes their absence leaves inside us are not meant to be filled with something or someone else. Join him on a journey to reconnect with someone you’ve lost—through the power of music. Featuring performances of the “Cello Song” and Steven’s first-ever performance of “Nessun Dorma.” Steven Sharp Nelson is an award winning, Billboard chart topping, YouTube rock star…in a cellist sort of way. His creations are watched and listened to over three million times every day. He has performed in dozens of countries and iconic concert halls such as the Sydney Opera House, Carnegie Hall, the Greek Theatre, Royal Albert Hall — in Rio, Paris, Singapore, Japan, Istanbul.

In 2011, Steven hoped to incorporate all of what he had experienced and learned when he, along with three partners, built The Piano Guys, a group of self-proclaimed “dorky dads” who film classically-influenced instrumental music videos in nature.

Steven is an advocate for music education and the promotion of creativity through musical demonstration, interaction and innovation. It is Steven’s wish wherever he speaks or performs that he, along with his music and his message, can be considered a spokesman for hope. This talk was given at a TEDx event using the TED conference format but independently organized by a local community. Learn more at https://www.ted.com/tedx

How “Cold-Blooded” Animals Survive the Cold

We humans can rely on our internal body heat to help keep us warm. But what can cold-blooded animals do when faced with the threat of freezing? Here are three creatures that have come up with some…“cool” solutions.

Hosted by: Michael Aranda

SciShow has a spinoff podcast! It’s called SciShow Tangents. Check it out at http://www.scishowtangents.org
———-
Support SciShow by becoming a patron on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/scishow
———-
Huge thanks go to the following Patreon supporters for helping us keep SciShow free for everyone forever:

Silas Emrys, Jb Taishoff, Bd_Tmprd, Harrison Mills, Jeffrey Mckishen, James Knight, Christoph Schwanke, Jacob, Matt Curls, Sam Buck, Christopher R Boucher, Eric Jensen, Lehel Kovacs, Adam Brainard, Greg, Ash, Sam Lutfi, Piya Shedden, KatieMarie Magnone, Scott Satovsky Jr, charles george, Alex Hackman, Chris Peters, Kevin Bealer
———-
Looking for SciShow elsewhere on the internet?
Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/scishow
Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/scishow
Tumblr: http://scishow.tumblr.com
Instagram: http://instagram.com/thescishow
———-
Sources:
Overall
https://doi.org/10.1152/physrev.00016.2016
Painted Turtles
https://doi.org/10.1113/jphysiol.2002.024729
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/20535765/
https://doi.prg/10.1242/jeb.01123
Wood Frogs
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32638259/
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/16244167/
https://medcraveonline.com/JIG/JIG-06-00078.pdf
Antarctic Nematodes
https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0233048
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/28082102/
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/12477892/
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00360-007-0202-3

Thank you to Prof. Jon Costanzo for the footage of the thawing wood frog, and Prof. D.A. Wharton for the footage of the freezing & thawing Antarctic nematode!

Image Sources:
Prof. D.A. Wharton, Department of Zoology, University of Otago.
Jon Costanzo, Professor Emeritus, Miami University
https://www.istockphoto.com/vector/cute-cartoon-turtles-in-different-actions-gm1162061210-318611317
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/painted-turtle-on-a-log-gm577319508-99202675
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/top-view-of-painted-turtle-swimming-through-aquatic-plants-in-pond-gm1275680485-375762910
https://www.nsf.gov/news/mmg/mmg_disp.jsp?med_id=79892&from=
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/frozen-leaves-in-winter-gm629431490-112000347
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/needle-leaves-of-a-conifer-tree-with-snow-gm1269039644-372564435
https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/40284316
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/close-up-of-ice-surface-abstract-background-gm606198080-103939983
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:TEV_protease_summary.png
https://www.istockphoto.com/vector/anatomical-heart-isolated-heart-diagnostic-center-sign-human-heart-cartoon-design-gm1177145926-328507854
https://www.istockphoto.com/vector/cartoon-rockets-space-rocketship-aerospace-rocket-and-spacecraft-ship-isolated-gm1096928360-294542037
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/painted-turtle-on-wood-gm641565746-116235111

The counterintuitive way to be more persuasive | Niro Sivanathan

Visit http://TED.com to get our entire library of TED Talks, transcripts, translations, personalized talk recommendations and more.

What’s the best way to make a good point? Organizational psychologist Niro Sivanathan offers a fascinating lesson on the “dilution effect,” a cognitive quirk that weakens our strongest cases — and reveals why brevity is the true soul of persuasion.

The TED Talks channel features the best talks and performances from the TED Conference, where the world’s leading thinkers and doers give the talk of their lives in 18 minutes (or less). Look for talks on Technology, Entertainment and Design — plus science, business, global issues, the arts and more. You’re welcome to link to or embed these videos, forward them to others and share these ideas with people you know.

Follow TED on Twitter: http://twitter.com/TEDTalks
Like TED on Facebook: http://facebook.com/TED
Subscribe to our channel: http://youtube.com/TED

TED’s videos may be used for non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons License, Attribution–Non Commercial–No Derivatives (or the CC BY – NC – ND 4.0 International) and in accordance with our TED Talks Usage Policy (https://www.ted.com/about/our-organization/our-policies-terms/ted-talks-usage-policy). For more information on using TED for commercial purposes (e.g. employee learning, in a film or online course), please submit a Media Request at https://media-requests.ted.com

Debunking Our Own Video

Today we’re debunking, our own video debunking other videos about DEBUNKING!
Follow LabMuffin here: https://www.youtube.com/LabMuffinBeautyScience
Join our mailing list: https://bit.ly/34fWU27

While everyone was watching the inauguration we were getting DEBUNKED! We made a video about the science of skincare, retinol and vitamin C. LabMuffin aka Michelle Wong stepped in to let us know some of the nuances we got wrong, and to ignite a brilliant discussion about the science of skincare, how products are sold to us, lol at the new Jennifer Lopez skin care line logline, and how you can best choose your skincare products based on SCIENCE. We also talked about skincare myths, battled it out about bad skincare studies and learned that with skincare we need to be less picky about our science research.

Written by Greg Brown and Michelle Wong
Edited by Luka Šarlija and Greg Brown

FOLLOW US!
AsapSCIENCE
TikTok: @AsapSCIENCE
Instagram: https://instagram.com/asapscience
Facebook: https://facebook.com/asapscience
Twitter: https://twitter.com/asapscience

Further Reading/Sources:
Vitamin C collagen studies: https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1524-4725.2…
Japanese quasi-drugs: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/arti…
Powered By Chemicals Mugs: https://labmuffin.com/shop/
The Remarkable Life of the Skin by Monty Lyman

The rise of the Ottoman Empire – Mostafa Minawi

Explore the early days of the Ottoman Empire, as shrewd political rulers grew the principality into an intercontinental empire.

In the late 13th century, Osman I established a small principality sandwiched between a crumbling Byzantine Empire and a weakened Sultanate of the Seljuk of Rum, in what is now Turkey. In just a few generations, this territory had outmaneuvered more powerful neighbors to become the vast Ottoman Empire. What enabled its rapid rise? Mostafa Minawi details the early days of the Ottomans.

Lesson by Mostafa Minawi, directed by Kozmonot Animation Studio.

Support Our Non-Profit Mission
———————————————-
Support us on Patreon: http://bit.ly/TEDEdPatreon
Check out our merch: http://bit.ly/TEDEDShop
———————————————-

Connect With Us
———————————————-
Sign up for our newsletter: http://bit.ly/TEDEdNewsletter
Follow us on Facebook: http://bit.ly/TEDEdFacebook
Find us on Twitter: http://bit.ly/TEDEdTwitter
Peep us on Instagram: http://bit.ly/TEDEdInstagram
———————————————-

Keep Learning
———————————————-
View full lesson: https://ed.ted.com/lessons/the-rise-of-the-ottoman-empire-mostafa-minawi
Dig deeper with additional resources: https://ed.ted.com/lessons/the-rise-of-the-ottoman-empire-mostafa-minawi#digdeeper

Animator’s website: https://www.kozmonot.tv/
———————————————-

Thank you so much to our patrons for your support! Without you this video would not be possible! Keven Webb, Mihai Sandu, Deepak Iyer, Javid Gozalov, Jaime Arriola, Rebecca Reineke, William Biersdorf, Patricia Alves Panagides, Valeria Sloan Vasquez, Yvette Mocete, Cyrus Garay, Victoria Soler-Roig, Samuel Barbas, Brighteagle, LadyGeek, Curtis Light, Dwight Schrute, Dianne Palomar, Marin Kovachev, Ravi S. Rāmphal, Tekin Gültekin, Gaurav Mathur, Erik Biemans, Tony, Michelle, Katie and Josh Pedretti, Aidan Forero, Sunny Patel, Lowell Fleming, Hoai Nam Tran, Stina Boberg, Kack-Kyun Kim, Ken , zjweele13, Jurjen Geleijn, Anna-Pitschna Kunz, Edla Paniguel, Thomas Mungavan, Jaron Blackburn, Venkat Venkatakrishnan, ReuniteKorea, John Saveland, Aaron Henson, Cailin Ramsey, Begum Tutuncu, Ever Granada, Brian Richards, Divina Grace Dar Santos, Cindy O., Jørgen Østerpart, Tyron Jung and Carolyn Corwin.

我的绿色时尚服饰消费态度 | 珊 华 | TEDxHangzhou

“每年全球有超过上百亿公斤的旧衣服被倾倒入垃圾填埋场,大约85%的纺织品最终进入垃圾填埋场或被焚烧。废旧服装处理带给环境的主要影响是三个方面:水污染、空气污染 、土壤污染。无论是天然纤维还是化学纤维,被当做垃圾填埋时,自我降解过程中都会产生温室气体甲烷。若被放于焚烧炉中则会产生二噁英等有毒气体。来源于石油的合成纤维(涤纶、锦纶、氨纶等),其降解则需要数百年。” 中国纺织经济研究中心主任,中国纺织工业联合会产业经济研究院常务副院长,教授级高级工程师。
长期从事纺织行业中长期规划和重大问题研究,参加多个地方纺织行业中长期研究以及纺织企业的发展战略研究,参加和完成了多个国家级课题研究以及地方政府和企业委托的咨询项目,是我国纺织工业“十一五”、“十二五”和“十三五”规划研究团队的主要成员之一。长期关注纺织服装行业发展环境变化、产业升级趋势和技术发展动态等,对纺织服装行业的消费升级、高质量发展和绿色发展等方面有专业的研判。
She is the Director of the China Textile Economic Research Center, Vice Executive President of the Industrial Economic Research Institute of the China National Textile and Apparel Council, and a professorate senior engineer.
She has rich experience in medium and long-term planning and research on major issues in the textile industry, participated in many medium and long-term studies of the local textile industry and the development strategy of textile enterprises, and participated in and completed a number of national-level research projects and consulting projects commissioned by local governments and enterprises. This talk was given at a TEDx event using the TED conference format but independently organized by a local community. Learn more at https://www.ted.com/tedx

Tech platforms banned Trump. Now what?

Deplatforming Trump won’t stop the big lie.

Subscribe to our channel! http://goo.gl/0bsAjO

Former US president Donald Trump has now been kicked off of social media platforms from Facebook and Twitter to Pinterest. His suspension followed a violent insurrection on the Capitol in his name, and came months after Twitter had begun flagging hundreds of his posts for false statements about the election that he lost. But, as Platformer’s Casey Newton explains, banning Trump was actually the easy part. Now tech platforms have a new problem: How do you combat misinformation when it’s become bigger than any single user?

Casey Newton writes Platformer, a publication about the intersection of big tech and democracy: https://www.platformer.news/

Read more from Vox about how Trump’s absence from Twitter and Facebook had near-immediate effects on the platforms:
https://www.vox.com/2021/1/16/22234971/trump-twitter-facebook-social-media-ban-election-misinformation-zignal

And Recode’s Peter Kafka on what Trump’s deplatforming might mean for Trump and his supporters: https://www.vox.com/recode/22241390/trump-twitter-facebook-ban-deplatform-alex-jones-milo

Vox.com is a news website that helps you cut through the noise and understand what’s really driving the events in the headlines. Check out http://www.vox.com.

Watch our full video catalog: http://goo.gl/IZONyE
Follow Vox on Facebook: http://goo.gl/U2g06o
Or Twitter: http://goo.gl/XFrZ5H

How Your Digestive System Fights Pathogens

Our digestive system does a lot more than just break down food for us. It actually has a role in our immunity. In this episode, Patrick explores how immune system checkpoints within the digestive tract protect us from pathogens.
» Subscribe to Seeker! http://bit.ly/subscribeseeker
» Watch more Human! http://bit.ly/HUMANplaylist
» Visit our shop at http://shop.seeker.com

There’s a long and winding canal that goes from our mouths to our anuses called the alimentary canal or sometimes the gastrointestinal tract. This tube starts and ends outside of your body, and it’s how you process and extract nutrients and materials from the food you eat. But it’s also a spot for potential pathogens to sneak in.

Our digestive system interfaces with all kinds of nasty germs, and as a result, it’s armed with multiple immune system resources to protect our insides from the outside.

Digestion itself is a long process and involves everything from mechanically grinding down food in our mouths to treating food with enzymes so that we can absorb the nutrients better. Therefore, there isn’t just one immune system checkpoint — there are safeguards along the entire system.

#digestivesystem #human #physiology #seeker #humanseries

Read More:
Introduction to the Digestive System
https://training.seer.cancer.gov/anatomy/digestive/
“The digestive system includes the digestive tract and its accessory organs, which process food into molecules that can be absorbed and utilized by the cells of the body. Food is broken down, bit by bit, until the molecules are small enough to be absorbed and the waste products are eliminated.”

Physiology – Digestion
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK544242/
“Digestion is the process of mechanically and enzymatically breaking down food into substances for absorption into the bloodstream. The food contains three macronutrients that require digestion before they can be absorbed: fats, carbohydrates, and proteins. Through the process of digestion, these macronutrients are broken down into molecules that can traverse the intestinal epithelium and enter the bloodstream for use in the body.”

Immunity in the Gut
https://www.immunology.org/public-information/bitesized-immunology/organs-and-tissues/immunity-in-the-gut
“The large intestine (colon) has a large resident population of microbiota, consisting of at least 1012 organisms per gram of luminal contents. These organisms, together with the antigenic load provided by the diet and the constant threat of potential pathogens, means the intestinal immune system encounters more antigen than any other part of the body.”

____________________

This Seeker health series will dive deep into the cellular structures, human systems, and overall anatomy that work together to keep our bodies going. Using the visual structure and quick pacing of Seeker’s Sick series, these human bio-focused episodes will give a new audience an inside look on what’s happening inside all of us.

Visit the Seeker website https://www.seeker.com

Seeker on Facebook https://www.facebook.com/SeekerMedia/

Focal Point on Facebook https://www.facebook.com/FocalPointShow/

Seeker on Twitter http://twitter.com/seeker

Intel – From Inventors of the CPU to Laughing Stock [Part 1]

Become smarter in 5 minutes by signing up for free today: http://cen.yt/mbcoldfusion5 – Thanks to Morning Brew for sponsoring today’s video.

The book which this video was based on:

— “New Thinking” written by Dagogo Altraide —
This book was rated the 9th best technology history book by book authority.
In the book you’ll learn the stories of those who invented the things we use everyday and how it all fits together to form our modern world.
Get the book on Amazon: http://bit.ly/NewThinkingbook
Get the book on Google Play: http://bit.ly/NewThinkingGooglePlay
https://newthinkingbook.squarespace.com/about/

— About ColdFusion —
ColdFusion is an Australian based online media company independently run by Dagogo Altraide since 2009. Topics cover anything in science, technology, history and business in a calm and relaxed environment.

ColdFusion Merch:
INTERNATIONAL: https://store.coldfusioncollective.com/
AUSTRALIA: https://shop.coldfusioncollective.com/

If you enjoy my content, please consider subscribing!
I’m also on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/ColdFusion_TV
Bitcoin address: 13SjyCXPB9o3iN4LitYQ2wYKeqYTShPub8

— ColdFusion Social Media —
» Twitter | @ColdFusion_TV
» Instagram | coldfusiontv
» Facebook | https://www.facebook.com/ColdFusionTV

Sources:

New Thinking by Dagogo Altraide

//Soundtrack//

**coming soon**

» Music I produce | http://burnwater.bandcamp.com or
» http://www.soundcloud.com/burnwater
» https://www.patreon.com/ColdFusion_TV
» Collection of music used in videos: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YOrJJKW31OA

Producer: Dagogo Altraide

5 SCARIEST Creepypastas That Will Keep You Up At Night #2

You won’t be able to get through #1…
Subscribe and hit the bell for notifications: http://youtube.com/MatthewSantoro?sub_confirmation=1
All my social links, Plus channel & more: http://MatthewSantoro.com

Sources:
#5 https://www.creepypasta.com/the-seer-of-possibilities/
#4 https://www.creepypasta.com/dont-let-them-in/
#3 https://www.creepypasta.com/a-shattered-life/
#2 https://www.creepypasta.com/if-youre-armed-and-at-the-glenmont-metro-please-shoot-me/
#1 https://www.creepypasta.com/happens-stars-go/

Edited by Paul Stamper (http://paulstamper.com)

The Coral Reefs in the Dark Depths of the Sea

When you think about coral reefs, you probably imagine a sparkling tropical oasis that you can easily see while snorkeling or diving, but reefs can be found as deep as 8000 meters! As deep as they are, those reefs are still not immune to the effects of human activities, nor are we outside their sphere of influence.

Thumbnail credit: NOAA’s National Ocean Service
Hosted by: Rose Bear Don’t Walk

SciShow has a spinoff podcast! It’s called SciShow Tangents. Check it out at http://www.scishowtangents.org
———-
Support SciShow by becoming a patron on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/scishow
———-
Huge thanks go to the following Patreon supporters for helping us keep SciShow free for everyone forever:

Silas Emrys, Jb Taishoff, Bd_Tmprd, Harrison Mills, Jeffrey Mckishen, James Knight, Christoph Schwanke, Jacob, Matt Curls, Sam Buck, Christopher R Boucher, Eric Jensen, Lehel Kovacs, Adam Brainard, Greg, Ash, Sam Lutfi, Piya Shedden, KatieMarie Magnone, Scott Satovsky Jr, charles george, Alex Hackman, Chris Peters, Kevin Bealer
———-
Looking for SciShow elsewhere on the internet?
Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/scishow
Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/scishow
Tumblr: http://scishow.tumblr.com
Instagram: http://instagram.com/thescishow
———-
Sources:
https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/national/habitat-conservation/deep-sea-coral-habitat
https://ocean.si.edu/ecosystems/coral-reefs/deep-sea-corals
https://oceanservice.noaa.gov/education/tutorial_corals/coral02_zooxanthellae.html
https://oceanexplorer.noaa.gov/explorations/17sedci/background/coral-ecosystems/coral-ecosystems.html
https://marine-conservation.org/archive/mcbi/Deep-Sea%20Coral%20issue%20of%20Current.pdf
https://science.sciencemag.org/content/335/6072/1064
https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-394282-1.00002-8
https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2020.00310
https://doi.org/10.1186/s40168-019-0697-3
https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2017.0320
https://doi.org/10.3354/meps08245
https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4868.4.5
https://doi.org/10.2307/1542113
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.accre.2015.05.002
https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2020.00668
https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2018.00473
https://oceanservice.noaa.gov/facts/coral-jewelry.html
https://usa.oceana.org/bottom-trawling
https://doi.org/10.3354/meps08248
https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1403492111
https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1118029109
https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2664.13141
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr2.2014.10.021
https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2014.supplement.01
https://doi.org/10.1016/S0025-3227(96)00086-2
https://doi.org/10.1351/PAC-CON-08-10-07
https://oceantoday.noaa.gov/medicinesfromthesea/
https://oceanservice.noaa.gov/facts/coral_medicine.html
https://www.pewtrusts.org/en/research-and-analysis/articles/2018/02/26/deep-sea-coral-ecosystems-may-hold-cancer-cures-but-face-threats

Images:
Sea Fans with Basket Star
https://ecogig.org/
https://www.oceaneering.com/
Precious coral
https://photolib.noaa.gov/Collections/Voyage/Ocean-Exploration/Modern-Expeditions/OER/Gulf-2012/emodule/1423/eitem/90887
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Zooxanthellae.jpg
https://www.eurekalert.org/multimedia/pub/94098.php
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Paragorgia_arborea_NOAA.jpg
http://bit.ly/39PfbpR
http://bit.ly/3nYFD5r
http://bit.ly/3nYyJgh
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Leiopathes_NOAA,_Haw%C3%A1i.jpg
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Blackcoral_colony_600.jpg
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Gorgonian.Mgiangrasso.jpg
https://oceanexplorer.noaa.gov/okeanos/explorations/ex1803/dailyupdates/media/apr19-3.html
https://oceanexplorer.noaa.gov/okeanos/explorations/ex1803/logs/photolog/welcome.html#cbpi=/okeanos/explorations/ex1803/logs/may3/media/seapen.html
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5745506/
https://www.eurekalert.org/multimedia/pub/225612.php?from=457139
https://oceanexplorer.noaa.gov/okeanos/explorations/ex1903/logs/july9/july9.html
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Expl2009_(9664134839).jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Corallium_rubrum_(Linnaeus,_1758)_4.jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Brosch_av_korall,_del_av_garnityr_-_Hallwylska_museet_-_109864.tif
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:FMIB_36649_Beam_Trawl.jpeg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:CoralBleaching.jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Deepwater_Horizon_offshore_drilling_unit_on_fire_2010.jpg
https://photolib.noaa.gov/Collections/Voyage/Ocean-Exploration/Modern-Expeditions/OER/Lophelia-II/emodule/1420/eitem/94387
https://photolib.noaa.gov/Collections/Voyage/Ocean-Exploration/Modern-Expeditions/OER/Lophelia-II/emodule/1420/eitem/93630
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Pink_soft_coral_Nick_Hobgood.jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Rockfish_red_tree_coral.png
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Paragorgia_arborea.jpg

The Hands That Care… | Ms. Laleh Busheri | TEDxTheLexiconIntlSchoolWagholiWomen

The Cancer care centre began because there were patients who quit treatment midway. Irony of the fact was that a number of these patients could have been successfully treated. To pursue her true passion and acumen for social work, Laleh started counselling and helping needy cancer patients and families. Today, Laleh is friend-in-chief of this well-established and reputed NGO that provides free or affordable diagnosis, medical treatment (surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy), patient support and rehabilitation to cancer patients PCCM touches the lives of over 30,000 cancer affected families. PCCM began because there were patients who quit treatment midway Irony of the fact was that a number of these patients could have been successfully treated. Prashanti was born due to the unfulfilled needs of departed Cancer patients, care givers, survivors, volunteers and doctors touched by cancer!

Her educational background includes a Bachelor in Law (L.L.B) followed by a Master’s degree (L.L.M) at University of Mumbai for which she was awarded a training fellowship.
To pursue her true passion and acumen for social work, Laleh started counselling and helping needy cancer patients and families at PCCM. Today, Laleh is friend-in-chief of this well-established and reputed NGO that provides free or affordable diagnosis, medical treatment (surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy), patient support and rehabilitation to cancer patients PCCM touches the lives of over 30,000 cancer affected families. This talk was given at a TEDx event using the TED conference format but independently organized by a local community. Learn more at https://www.ted.com/tedx

7 Strange Scientific Mysteries

Scientific mysteries continue to stump experts in fields ranging from meteorology to medicine. Why does the placebo effect work more for some people than others? What’s the deal with Morning Glory clouds? And will Oliver kill Erin (@erincmccarthy) in her sleep?

This episode of The List Show is all about strange phenomena that no one can fully explain. Inquisitive skeptics and oceangoing aural enthusiasts will want to watch.

In case you forgot, The List Show is a trivia-tastic, fact-filled show for curious people. Subscribe here for new Mental Floss episodes every Wednesday: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCpZ5qUqpW4hW4zdfuBxMSJA?sub_confirmation=1

Website: http://www.mentalfloss.com 
Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/mental_floss 
Facebook: https://facebook.com/mentalflossmagazine

How Big Tech Betrayed Us | Rana Foroohar

How did the internet giants come to dominate our world? Big Tech firms are now some of the richest and most powerful entities on the planet – and we’re starting to see the effects of this extreme concentration of power, in the shocking ways these platforms have been used to manipulate our elections, violate our privacy, and threaten the social fabric of our societies.

But it hasn’t always been like this: not so long ago, much of Silicon Valley operated on an optimistic, altruistic ethos, aiming to make information free and the world better connected. What happened?

In the latest RSA Short, economic analyst Rana Foroohar explores how Big Tech lost its soul and how we might protect ourselves from the darker sides of digital technology.

Extracted from a free talk given at the RSA in London, 2019: shorturl.at/pvLNZ

Credits:
Speaker: Rana Foroohar https://www.thersa.org/events/speakers/rana-foroohar
Direction, Animation & Design: Thomas Kilburn http://www.tgk.co/animation
Producer: Phoebe Williams
Video Producer: Ross Henbest
Joint Head of Public Events Programme: Mairi Ryan
Sound: Kinima Sound https://www.kinimasound.com/

Subscribe to our channel for more!

Follow the RSA on Twitter: https://twitter.com/RSAEvents
Like RSA Events on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/rsaeventsoff…
Listen to RSA podcasts: https://soundcloud.com/the_rsa
See RSA Events behind the scenes: https://instagram.com/rsa_events/

Using your voice is a political choice | Amanda Gorman

Visit http://TED.com to get our entire library of TED Talks, transcripts, translations, personalized talk recommendations and more.

For anyone who believes poetry is stuffy or elitist, National Youth Poet Laureate Amanda Gorman has some characteristically well-chosen words. Poetry is for everyone, she says, and at its core it’s all about connection and collaboration. In this fierce talk and performance, she explains why poetry is inherently political, pays homage to her honorary ancestors and stresses the value of speaking out despite your fears. “Poetry has never been the language of barriers,” Gorman says. “It’s always been the language of bridges.”

The TED Talks channel features the best talks and performances from the TED Conference, where the world’s leading thinkers and doers give the talk of their lives in 18 minutes (or less). Look for talks on Technology, Entertainment and Design — plus science, business, global issues, the arts and more. You’re welcome to link to or embed these videos, forward them to others and share these ideas with people you know.

Follow TED on Twitter: http://twitter.com/TEDTalks
Like TED on Facebook: http://facebook.com/TED
Subscribe to our channel: http://youtube.com/TED

TED’s videos may be used for non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons License, Attribution–Non Commercial–No Derivatives (or the CC BY – NC – ND 4.0 International) and in accordance with our TED Talks Usage Policy (https://www.ted.com/about/our-organization/our-policies-terms/ted-talks-usage-policy). For more information on using TED for commercial purposes (e.g. employee learning, in a film or online course), please submit a Media Request at https://media-requests.ted.com

Could A Spaceship Wrap Around The Universe & Destroy Itself?

Sign Up on Patreon to get access to the Space Time Discord!
https://www.patreon.com/pbsspacetime

Today we’re going to delve into a couple of the most famous paradoxes of special relativity: the Twin Paradox, The Ladder Paradox (aka the Barn-Pole Paradox), and a paradox suggested by our very own viewers, which asks whether a spaceship could wrap around the universe & destroy itself. We’ll explore these paradoxes and see why, against our intuition, the universe really does work in this seemingly nonsensical way. But the point of this episode is to go much further – we’re going to try to break the universe by pushing these paradoxes beyond the limit.

Special Thanks to our Patreon Supporters Hank & Mark for suggesting the questions that inspired this episode!

#space #relativity #paradox

Check out the Space Time Merch Store
https://pbsspacetime.com/

Sign up for the mailing list to get episode notifications and hear special announcements!
https://tinyurl.com/yx9cusk5

Hosted by Matt O’Dowd
Written by Matt O’Dowd
Graphics by Leonardo Scholzer, Yago Ballarini, & Pedro Osinski
Directed by Andrew Kornhaber
Assistant Producer: Setare Gholipour
Executive Producers: Eric Brown & Andrew Kornhaber

Special Thanks to Our Patreon Supporters

Big Bang Supporters
Sandy Wu
Matthew Miller
Clinton Robinson
Sean Maddox
Brodie Rao
Scott Gray
Ahmad Jodeh
Radu Negulescu
Alexander Tamas
Morgan Hough
Juan Benet
Fabrice Eap
Mark Rosenthal
David Nicklas

Quasar Supporters
Hank S
Christina Oegren
Mark Heising
Vinnie Falco

Hypernova Supporters
William Bryan
Mike Swayze
muON Marketing
Russell Pope
Ben Delo
L. Wayne Ausbrooks
Nicholas Newlin
Mark Matthew Bosko
Jason Finn
Антон Кочков
Alec S-L
Julian Tyacke
John R. Slavik
Mathew
Danton Spivey
Donal Botkin
John Pollock
Edmund Fokschaner
Joseph Salomone
Matthew O’Connor
chuck zegar
Jordan Young
m0nk
John Hofmann
Timothy McCulloch

Gamma Ray Burst Supporters
Almog Cohen
Alex Edwards
Nick
Ádám Kettinger
Sylvain Leduc
Matthew Harlow
Robert C Schupp
Anthony Kahng
MD3
Endre Pech
Daniel Jennings
Cameron Sampson
Pratik Mukherjee
Geoffrey Clarion
Astronauticist
Nate
Darren Duncan
Lily kawaii
Russ Creech
Jeremy Reed
Magistrala Хемус [Kybrit]
Derek Davis
Eric Webster
Steven Sartore
DrJYou
David Johnston
J. King
Michael Barton
Christopher Barron
James Ramsey
Justin Jermyn
Mr T
Andrew Mann
Jeremiah Johnson
fieldsa eleanory
Peter Mertz
Kevin O’Connell
Richard Deighton
Isaac Suttell
Devon Rosenthal
Oliver Flanagan
Dawn M Fink
Bleys Goodson
Darryl J Lyle
Robert Walter
Bruce B
Ismael Montecel
Andrew Richmond
Simon Oliphant
Mirik Gogri
David Hughes
Christopher Hartnett
Mark Daniel Cohen
Brandon Lattin
Yannick Weyns
Nickolas Andrew Freeman
Brian Blanchard
Shane Calimlim
Tybie Fitzhugh
Robert Ilardi
Astaurus
Eric Kiebler
Craig Stonaha
Martin Skans
Michael Conroy
Graydon Goss
Frederic Simon
Greg Smith
Tonyface
John Robinson
A G
Kevin Lee
Adrian Hatch
Yurii Konovaliuk
John Funai
Cass Costello
Geoffrey Short
Bradley Jenkins
Kyle Hofer
Tim Stephani
Luaan
AlecZero
Cody
Malte Ubl
King Zeckendorff
Nick Virtue
Scott Gossett
Martin J Lollar
Dan Warren
Patrick Sutton
John Griffith
Daniel Lyons
DFaulk
Kevin Warne
Andreas Nautsch
Brandon labonte

When Algae Learned to Hunt

You probably don’t consider algae to be super aggressive, but 66 million years ago had to turn to murder in order to survive.

Hosted by: Michael Aranda

SciShow has a spinoff podcast! It’s called SciShow Tangents. Check it out at http://www.scishowtangents.org
———-
Support SciShow by becoming a patron on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/scishow
———-
Huge thanks go to the following Patreon supporters for helping us keep SciShow free for everyone forever:

Silas Emrys, Jb Taishoff, Bd_Tmprd, Harrison Mills, Jeffrey Mckishen, James Knight, Christoph Schwanke, Jacob, Matt Curls, Sam Buck, Christopher R Boucher, Eric Jensen, Lehel Kovacs, Adam Brainard, Greg, Ash, Sam Lutfi, Piya Shedden, KatieMarie Magnone, Scott Satovsky Jr, charles george, Alex Hackman, Chris Peters, Kevin Bealer
———-
Looking for SciShow elsewhere on the internet?
Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/scishow
Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/scishow
Tumblr: http://scishow.tumblr.com
Instagram: http://instagram.com/thescishow
———-
Sources:

Cassondra DeFoor

Heterotroph

Dark for 2 years after dino-killing asteroid?


https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2020/10/201030142129.htm
https://advances.sciencemag.org/content/6/44/eabc9123
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6281475/
https://bio.biologists.org/content/8/2/bio036590
https://microbiologysociety.org/publication/past-issues/oceans/article/comment-mixotrophic-plankton-the-perfect-beasts-of-our-oceans.html
https://www.annualreviews.org/doi/abs/10.1146/annurev-marine-010816-060617

Image Sources:
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Gephyrocapsa_oceanica.jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Haptophyta_cell_scheme.svg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Flagellum_(PSF).png
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Phytoplankton_types.jpg

Is success a coincidence? | Aarya Tyagi | TEDxYouth@Southlake

Is being at the right place at the right time the key to success or does success depend on who you are? Aarya is a sophomore attending Carroll high school in Southlake, Texas. She’s looking to pursue a career in law, more specifically criminal law. She has a passion for learning and creating and enjoys being involved in activities that use those skills. Aarya is a trained teen attorney in the Metroport Teen Court, and discovered her passion for and skill in arguing from her father. The thrill of playing the devil’s advocate and presenting an argument is what makes her enjoy being both a prosecutor and a defense attorney. She believes that having an understanding of the world is essential to success, and is speaking in this event to present a way of thinking about society and the world around us and our success. This talk was given at a TEDx event using the TED conference format but independently organized by a local community. Learn more at https://www.ted.com/tedx

Hard work and understanding are equally necessary for success | Harpreet Walia | TEDxYouth@Southlake

Hard work will get you started on the path to success but understanding will get you there. Harpreet Walia is a junior attending Fairfield High School. His idea of success is to become a great engineer, not for fame, but for the ideas he can make. He has a love for debate and has a keen liking for public speaking. His favorite pastime is playing cards. His ideology for success is that he has to understand what his success is and how to get there in order to succeed for himself to truly succeed. This talk was given at a TEDx event using the TED conference format but independently organized by a local community. Learn more at https://www.ted.com/tedx

Watch live: Joe Biden and Kamala Harris inauguration ceremony

Subscribe to our channel and turn on notifications (🔔) so you don’t miss any videos: http://goo.gl/0bsAjO

At noon ET on Wednesday, January 20, 2021 Joe Biden will become the 46th President of the United States.

We will livestream the event from the west front of the US Capitol building from 10am ET to 2pm ET, which will include additional speakers and performances:

Fr. Leo O’Donovan – Invocation
Andrea Hall – Pledge of Allegiance
Lady Gaga – National Anthem
Amanda Gorman – Poetry Reading
Jennifer Lopez – Musical Performance
Garth Brooks – Musical Performance
Rev. Dr. Silvester Beaman – Benediction

Read more about what to expect on Vox.com

Vox.com is a news website that helps you cut through the noise and understand what’s really driving the events in the headlines. Check out http://www.vox.com

Check out our full video catalog: http://goo.gl/IZONyE
Or our podcasts: https://www.vox.com/podcasts
Follow Vox on Facebook: http://goo.gl/U2g06o

If you value Vox’s unique explanatory journalism, support our work with a one-time or recurring contribution: http://www.vox.com/contribute-now

3 ways companies can support grieving employees | Tilak Mandadi

Visit http://TED.com to get our entire library of TED Talks, transcripts, translations, personalized talk recommendations and more.

When we experience loss, grief travels with us everywhere — even work. What can companies do to support grieving employees? Sharing his own story of unimaginable heartbreak, Tilak Mandadi offers three ways organizations can cultivate a culture of workplace empathy, creating an environment that encourages community, productivity and joy. (This talk contains mature content)

The TED Talks channel features the best talks and performances from the TED Conference, where the world’s leading thinkers and doers give the talk of their lives in 18 minutes (or less). Look for talks on Technology, Entertainment and Design — plus science, business, global issues, the arts and more. You’re welcome to link to or embed these videos, forward them to others and share these ideas with people you know.

Follow TED on Twitter: http://twitter.com/TEDTalks
Like TED on Facebook: http://facebook.com/TED
Subscribe to our channel: http://youtube.com/TED

TED’s videos may be used for non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons License, Attribution–Non Commercial–No Derivatives (or the CC BY – NC – ND 4.0 International) and in accordance with our TED Talks Usage Policy (https://www.ted.com/about/our-organization/our-policies-terms/ted-talks-usage-policy). For more information on using TED for commercial purposes (e.g. employee learning, in a film or online course), please submit a Media Request at https://media-requests.ted.com

Who decides how long a second is? – John Kitching

Discover how scientists developed atomic clocks, which use the vibrations of atoms to measure and maintain a globally consistent time.

In 1967, researchers gathered to answer a long-running scientific question: just how long is a second? It might seem obvious at first. A second is the tick of a clock, the swing of a pendulum, the time it takes to count to one. But how precise are those measurements? And what is that length based on? John Kitching digs into how we scientifically define this fundamental unit of time.

Lesson by John Kitching, directed by Tjoff Koong.

Support Our Non-Profit Mission
———————————————-
Support us on Patreon: http://bit.ly/TEDEdPatreon
Check out our merch: http://bit.ly/TEDEDShop
———————————————-

Connect With Us
———————————————-
Sign up for our newsletter: http://bit.ly/TEDEdNewsletter
Follow us on Facebook: http://bit.ly/TEDEdFacebook
Find us on Twitter: http://bit.ly/TEDEdTwitter
Peep us on Instagram: http://bit.ly/TEDEdInstagram
———————————————-

Keep Learning
———————————————-
View full lesson: https://ed.ted.com/lessons/who-decides-how-long-a-second-is-john-kitching
Dig deeper with additional resources: https://ed.ted.com/lessons/who-decides-how-long-a-second-is-john-kitching#digdeeper

Animator’s website: http://greenhouseanimation.com/directors/tjoff-koong/
———————————————-

Thank you so much to our patrons for your support! Without you this video would not be possible! Po Foon Kwong, NinjaBoffin, Jesse Jurman, Josue Perez Miranda, Scott Markley, Elija Peterson, Ovidiu Mrd, Lawrence Wu, Xavier Dupont, Aravind Battaje, Nathan Giusti, Helen Lee, Anthony Benedict, Karthik Balsubramanian, John Hong, Annastasshia Ames, Sebastiaan Hols, Aries SW, Amy Lopez, Liz Candee, Kathryn Vacha, Anthony Arcis, Jeffrey Segrest, Karmi Nguyen, Yelena Baykova, Harshita Jagdish Sahijwani, Nick Johnson, Carlos H. Costa, Mohamed Elsayed, Les Howard, Jennifer Kurkoski, Ryan B Harvey, Abhishek Bansal, Jose Arcadio Valdes Franco, Karl Laius, JY Kang, Charles A Hershberger, Robert Seik, Heidi Stolt, Alexis Hevia, Brady Jones, Christina Salvatore, Karlee Finch, Michael Goldberg, Mario Mejia, Nicolas Silva, Kurt Almendras, Denise A Pitts, Doug Henry and Kristiyan Bonev.

Waves, Light and Sound – Physics 101 / AP Physics 1 Review with Dianna Cowern

Lesson 17 (Waves, Light, and Sound) of Dianna’s Intro Physics Class on Physics Girl. Never taken physics before? Want to learn the basics of physics? Need a review of AP Physics concepts before the exam? This course is for you!

Exercises in this video:
1. You measure an oscillating wave to have a wavelength of .5m and a frequency of .5Hz. What is the speed of the wave in that medium? What would the wavelength of a wave with frequency 2.5Hz be?

2. You tune your car radio to your favorite station, 93.5 on the dial. That’s a frequency of 93.5MHz. What is the wavelength of that radio wave?

3. At sea level, the speed of sound in air is around 343m/s. The speed of light in air is about 3.00×10^8m/s. If you are watching a rocket launch 11km away, what will be the difference between the time you see the launch and the time you hear it?

Credits:
Dianna Cowern – Executive Producer/Host/Writer
Jeff Brock – Lead Writer/Course Designer
Laura Chernikoff – Producer
Kaitlyn Today – Video Editor
AP Curriculum Consultant – Bryn Bishop
Sophia Chen – Researcher/Writer
Erika K. Carlson – Researcher/Writer
Hope Butner – Production Assistant
Levi Butner – Videographer
Lauren Ivy – Set Design
Vanessa Hill – Consulting Producer
Aleeza McCant – Illustrator
Rachel Allen – Illustrator
Consultant – Kyle Kitzmiller
Lucy Brock, Samantha Ward – Curriculum Consultants
Cathy Cowern – Transcription

Machine Learning: Not to Destroy but Create | Olga Isupova | TEDxBathUniversity

With attention from the media and warnings from great people, it is easy to believe that artificial intelligence and machine learning can bring or worse they are already bringing a lot of harm up to the full destruction of humankind. In this talk, Dr. Olga Isupova argues that although it is true that this powerful technology could be dangerous and misused and we should be careful about it, the same technology could be used to make our world a much better place Dr Olga Isupova focuses on developing ways to use machine learning and AI to improve the world we live in. Her main research interests include machine learning for disaster response and environment protection and anomaly detection.
Dr. Isupova has received the Specialist (eq. to M.Sc.) degree in applied mathematics and computer science in 2012 from Lomonosov Moscow State University, Russia, and the PhD degree in 2017 from the University of Sheffield, U.K.
She started as a Research Assistant in the machine learning field in the Department of Engineering Science, University of Oxford, before joining the Computer Science Department at the University of Bath as a lecturer. This talk was given at a TEDx event using the TED conference format but independently organized by a local community. Learn more at https://www.ted.com/tedx

This Is What Makes Crocodile Jaws So Deadly

Crocodiles have more than 60 teeth, but they don’t chew their food — sometimes they have to perform a death roll.
» Subscribe to Seeker! http://bit.ly/subscribeseeker
» Visit our shop at http://shop.seeker.com

The crocodilian group is hundreds of millions of years old and includes crocodiles, alligators, caimans, and gharials. Not only can these living dinosaurs hold their breath for hours, sleep with one eye open, and cry literal “crocodile tears,” but they also have one of the strongest bites ever measured, clocking in at over 16,000 newtons.

crocodiles bite down with a strength roughly seventeen times stronger than a human gnawing at a tough steak. And while it may be no surprise that they make us look about as effective as a dull pair of tweezers, even hyenas can only chomp with about a fourth of that power.

We’re now discovering that their mouths are literally double-jointed. In addition to the primary jaw joint at the rear of their skull which opens and closes their mouth, they have a second jaw joint, called the Pterygomandibular, about halfway down their snout. This joint works like a brace, sort of like your knee, helping distribute force and preventing the jaw from twisting or dislocating as it chomps.

#crocodile #jaws #science #seeker #tusktotails #anatomy

Read More:
Crocodile
https://www.britannica.com/animal/crocodile-order
“Crocodile, (order Crocodylia, or Crocodilia), any of 23 species of generally large, ponderous, amphibious animals of lizard-like appearance and carnivorous habit belonging to the reptile order Crocodylia.”

Saltwater Crocodile
https://oceana.org/marine-life/sea-turtles-reptiles/saltwater-crocodile
“Reaching lengths of more than 23 feet (6.5 m) and weights over 2,200 pounds (~1,000 kilos), the saltwater crocodile is the largest reptile on the planet and is a formidable predator throughout its range.”

Crocodiles sleep with one eye watching
https://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-34572433
“Crocodiles can sleep with one eye open, according to a study from Australia.”
____________________

Tusks, trunks, claws, tails. Animals have evolved in ways to adapt to their environment by developing some truly unusual physical traits. Why did elephants develop a trunk, and how does it even work? What are insect wings made of? How are tails used throughout the animal kingdom? Our host Dr. Evan Antin explores the strange world of animal physiology.

Seeker empowers the curious to understand the science shaping our world. We tell award-winning stories about the natural forces and groundbreaking innovations that impact our lives, our planet, and our universe.

Visit the Seeker website https://www.seeker.com/videos

Subscribe now! http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=dnewschannel

Seeker on Twitter http://twitter.com/seeker

Seeker on Facebook https://www.facebook.com/SeekerMedia/

Seeker http://www.seeker.com/

Here’s What Kevlar and Your Smartphone Have in Common

You might not believe it, but the same chemistry that brought us bulletproof vests and modern sailing sails also gave us the technology to build your smart phone. But that doesn’t mean these chemists were thinking about these applications when they made their breakthroughs.

Hosted by: Hank Green

SciShow has a spinoff podcast! It’s called SciShow Tangents. Check it out at http://www.scishowtangents.org
———-
Support SciShow by becoming a patron on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/scishow
———-
Huge thanks go to the following Patreon supporters for helping us keep SciShow free for everyone forever:

Silas Emrys, Jb Taishoff, Bd_Tmprd, Harrison Mills, Jeffrey Mckishen, James Knight, Christoph Schwanke, Jacob, Matt Curls, Sam Buck, Christopher R Boucher, Eric Jensen, Lehel Kovacs, Adam Brainard, Greg, Ash, Sam Lutfi, Piya Shedden, KatieMarie Magnone, Scott Satovsky Jr, charles george, Alex Hackman, Chris Peters, Kevin Bealer
———-
Looking for SciShow elsewhere on the internet?
Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/scishow
Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/scishow
Tumblr: http://scishow.tumblr.com
Instagram: http://instagram.com/thescishow
———-
Sources:
https://www.nauticexpo.com/boat-manufacturer/kevlar-sail-36624.html
REMO KS061400 14" Black Max Kevlar Snare Drum Head
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=76896
https://invention.si.edu/innovative-lives-stephanie-kwolek-and-kevlar-wonder-fiber
https://invention.si.edu/node/445/p/435-discovery
https://polymerdatabase.com/Fibers/Aramid.html
https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/materials-science/aramid-fiber
https://digital.sciencehistory.org/works/vh53ww75r#ohDownloads
https://www.dupont.com/content/dam/dupont/amer/us/en/safety/public/documents/en/Kevlar_Technical_Guide_0319.pdf
https://www.vice.com/en/article/ezpvb4/this-is-what-happens-when-you-shoot-a-kevlar-vest-at-point-blank-range

How does Kevlar work?



https://web.media.mit.edu/~stefan/liquid-crystals/node3.html
https://spie.org/samples/TT100.pdf

https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/6487587?reload=true

Image Sources:
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/smartphone-mockup-with-blank-white-screen-on-a-yellow-background-gm1257716991-368683678
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/colorful-wavy-object-gm1198272365-342402674

https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/molecular-structure-gm174289788-24964413
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Stephanie_Kwolek_at_Spinning_Elements_by_Harry_Kalish.TIF (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/deed.en)
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/clean-new-steel-rope-sling-drum-gm595100944-102021345
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aramid#/media/File:Kevlar_chemical_structure_H-bonds.svg
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/cosmetic-beauty-care-cream-gel-serum-background-gm1180254134-330582310
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/gold-glitter-texture-background-sparkling-shiny-wrapping-paper-for-christmas-holiday-gm1180882747-330976753
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/oil-with-air-bubbles-at-the-white-gm508342206-85211505
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/aqua-waterscape-gm92376580-1369033
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/texture-of-silver-carbon-fiber-gm508076943-45362792
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Aramid_fiber2.jpg (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/deed.en)
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/material-of-composite-product-dark-carbon-fiber-gm1035716588-277269210
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/three-pads-cevlar-gm1208829728-349562185
https://www.istockphoto.com/vector/flexed-bicep-glyph-icon-gm1187826990-335706466
https://www.storyblocks.com/video/stock/soccer-goal-scored-champion-success-sport-nv9pq7r
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/car-wheel-gm95757577-4521153
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/snare-drum-on-black-background-gm619631790-108081491
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/toy-boat-with-a-large-brown-sail-gm172402185-4759229
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/water-line-gm646843796-117308813
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/crystal-refractions-background-gm864426064-143347925
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/laptop-computer-gm184084320-1747232
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/macro-of-dots-on-a-ctr-monitor-gm1286297244-382843931
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/mature-latin-american-businesswoman-working-from-home-gm1207315436-348543210

A radical vision for a Green New Deal | RSA Events

How can 2021 become a turning point for progress on climate change?

With COP26 on the horizon and the incoming Biden administration poised to rejoin the Paris Agreement, climate action will be high on the agenda in 2021. But to make urgently necessary progress towards decarbonisation, the world must go further, embedding transformative economic changes across the board and building on them in the decades to come.

This will mean connecting the climate crisis to economic strife and addressing both together, understanding the intersections of social, economic, and environmental policy. It will mean directing investment towards communities that need it most, ending extractive and exploitative practices, and tackling the root causes of our problems instead of just addressing their symptoms.

The authors of A Planet to Win join us to discuss the Green New Deal as the most promising and ambitious plan we have at our disposal for saving the planet whilst building a more just society. They explore the principles, practical changes, and alliances we will need to embrace to set ourselves free from what currently binds us, and reflect on what the political opening created by crisis could mean. Business as usual can’t continue, they say, if we’re to have a future – but that what awaits us next could be much better.

#RSAGreenNewDeal

Follow the RSA on Twitter: https://twitter.com/RSAEvents
Like RSA Events on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/rsaeventsofficial
Listen to RSA Events podcasts: https://bit.ly/35EyQYU
See RSA Events behind the scenes: https://instagram.com/rsa_events/

Quasiperfect Numbers with Eric Lander – Numberphile

Eric Lander discusses how quasiperfect numbers gave him a start…
More links & stuff in full description below ↓↓↓

This interview was filmed in 2015 but remained unedited and unpublished until now… The other main interview from that day (about “Basic Research”) can be found here: https://youtu.be/6gnsQjPCC78

The Westinghouse Science Talent Search has since become the Regeneron Science Talent Search: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Regeneron_Science_Talent_Search

Numberphile is supported by the Mathematical Sciences Research Institute (MSRI): http://bit.ly/MSRINumberphile

We are also supported by Science Sandbox, a Simons Foundation initiative dedicated to engaging everyone with the process of science. https://www.simonsfoundation.org/outreach/science-sandbox/

And support from Math For America – https://www.mathforamerica.org/

NUMBERPHILE
Website: http://www.numberphile.com/
Numberphile on Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/numberphile
Numberphile tweets: https://twitter.com/numberphile
Subscribe: http://bit.ly/Numberphile_Sub

Videos by Brady Haran

Patreon: http://www.patreon.com/numberphile

Numberphile T-Shirts and Merch: https://teespring.com/stores/numberphile

Brady’s videos subreddit: http://www.reddit.com/r/BradyHaran/

Brady’s latest videos across all channels: http://www.bradyharanblog.com/

Sign up for (occasional) emails: http://eepurl.com/YdjL9

Trying To Create an AI Tom Scott (on a $100 budget)

Check out Jordan’s channel! https://youtube.com/jordanharrod – or start with her video on AI diagnosis of coughing: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CqXcLF8vVH4 or how deepfakes have fingerprints: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4lnEst2nojA • And, please don’t try this at home.

SOURCES:
TEXT: Generated by Jordan Harrod using GPT-3 OpenAI, https://openai.com/blog/better-language-models/
AUDIO: https://resemble.ai
VIDEO:
https://arxiv.org/pdf/1908.05932.pdf
https://arxiv.org/pdf/1712.05884.pdf
https://arxiv.org/pdf/2006.07634.pdf
https://arxiv.org/pdf/2008.11363.pdf
https://arxiv.org/pdf/1811.08180.pdf
https://www.vice.com/en/contributor/samantha-cole
https://arxiv.org/pdf/1511.06434.pdf
https://arxiv.org/pdf/2011.09055.pdf

5 Ways Chemistry Is Making Your Life Greener

The path that products take to get onto store shelves doesn’t always leave the best impact on the environment. But with green chemistry, chemists have found ways to make the production of some items safer for both people and the planet.

Hosted by: Michael Aranda

SciShow has a spinoff podcast! It’s called SciShow Tangents. Check it out at http://www.scishowtangents.org
———-
Support SciShow by becoming a patron on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/scishow
———-
Huge thanks go to the following Patreon supporters for helping us keep SciShow free for everyone forever:

Silas Emrys, Jb Taishoff, Bd_Tmprd, Harrison Mills, Jeffrey Mckishen, James Knight, Christoph Schwanke, Jacob, Matt Curls, Sam Buck, Christopher R Boucher, Eric Jensen, Lehel Kovacs, Adam Brainard, Greg, Ash, Sam Lutfi, Piya Shedden, KatieMarie Magnone, Scott Satovsky Jr, charles george, Alex Hackman, Chris Peters, Kevin Bealer
———-
Looking for SciShow elsewhere on the internet?
Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/scishow
Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/scishow
Tumblr: http://scishow.tumblr.com
Instagram: http://instagram.com/thescishow
———-
Sources:
https://www.acs.org/content/acs/en/greenchemistry/principles/12-principles-of-green-chemistry.html
https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/green-chemistry-benign-by-design/
https://pubs.acs.org/doi/pdf/10.1021/bk-1994-0577.ch001
https://hero.epa.gov/hero/index.cfm/reference/details/reference_id/1227401
https://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/MMG/MMG.asp?id=230&tid=42

Supercritical CO2: A Green Solvent


https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/how-is-caffeine-removed-t/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4168859/
https://www.aidic.it/cet/17/57/284.pdf

Supercritical CO2’s Extraction Efficiency


https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK9921/
https://cordis.europa.eu/article/id/169909-biocatalysts-for-more-ecofriendly-chemicals
https://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/articlelanding/2020/sc/c9sc05746c#!divAbstract
https://www.britannica.com/science/transaminase
https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fcell.2019.00147/full
https://application.wiley-vch.de/books/sample/352730715X_c01.pdf
https://www.genome.gov/about-genomics/fact-sheets/Polymerase-Chain-Reaction-Fact-Sheet
http://www.jofamericanscience.org/journals/am-sci/0204/12-0205-mahongbao-am.pdf
https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-1-4020-6241-4_6
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2211558716300231
http://www.inchem.org/documents/ukpids/ukpids/ukpid86.htm
https://www.epa.gov/sites/production/files/2016-10/documents/award_recipients_1996_2016.pdf
https://www.fs.fed.us/t-d/pubs/pdf/hi_res/93511208hi.pdf
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0959652619301799
https://www.foodpackagingforum.org/fpf-2016/wp-content/uploads/2016/07/FPF_Dossier10_PFASs.pdf
https://www.usfa.fema.gov/training/coffee_break/021120.html
https://www.solbergfoam.com/getattachment/678ee341-8f4c-4a2f-b527-993568c6b606/Firefighting-Foam-and-the-Environment.aspx

Image Sources:
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/coffee-gm1214079846-353085751
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/green-coffee-beans-background-gm1215781496-354250215
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/coal-powder-gm1204898982-346881112
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Essigs%C3%A4ureethylester.svg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:CriticalPointMeasurementEthane.jpg
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/organic-green-coffee-grains-gm1129778511-298568628
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/pharmaceutical-industry-medicine-pills-are-filling-in-the-plastic-bottle-on-gm859050944-141890781
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/type-2-diabetes-treatment-gm972354458-264709840
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Aspartate_transaminase.png
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/simvastatin-molecular-structure-isolated-on-black-gm490076222-75021073
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Glasbottles_containing_Butyllithium,_Buli.jpg
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/person-pouring-detergent-in-lid-gm949218796-259124422
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/liquid-green-gm157526113-11403329
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/firefighters-extinguish-a-fire-fire-foam-and-fire-gm1255150745-367100689
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Cellulose-Ibeta-from-xtal-2002-3D-balls.png
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/scientist-with-dna-copying-real-time-cycler-wide-gm177381768-20558086
https://www.istockphoto.com/vector/seamless-dna-pattern-gm472387273-36972074
https://www.istockphoto.com/vector/smartphone-mobile-phone-on-blue-background-long-shadow-flat-design-gm618979678-107868073
https://www.istockphoto.com/vector/collection-of-birds-robin-red-cardinal-tits-sparrow-bullfinches-waxwing-isolated-on-gm1176245279-327866244
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/fireman-extinguishing-a-burning-car-with-foam-gm1056471698-282342925
https://bit.ly/2LHRJSU
https://bit.ly/38Gmp04

So Apparently Platypuses Glow in the Dark

SciShow is supported by Brilliant.org. Go to https://Brilliant.org/SciShow to get 20% off of an annual Premium subscription.

Of all the weird animals that exist in the world, platypuses are up there with the weirdest, and last year scientists discovered something even more peculiar about their fur: it glows! What may be even more strange, though, is how little we know about this new illumination!

Hosted by: Michael Aranda

SciShow has a spinoff podcast! It’s called SciShow Tangents. Check it out at http://www.scishowtangents.org
———-
Support SciShow by becoming a patron on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/scishow
———-
Huge thanks go to the following Patreon supporters for helping us keep SciShow free for everyone forever:

Silas Emrys, Jb Taishoff, Bd_Tmprd, Harrison Mills, Jeffrey Mckishen, James Knight, Christoph Schwanke, Jacob, Matt Curls, Sam Buck, Christopher R Boucher, Eric Jensen, Lehel Kovacs, Adam Brainard, Greg, Ash, Sam Lutfi, Piya Shedden, KatieMarie Magnone, Scott Satovsky Jr, charles george, Alex Hackman, Chris Peters, Kevin Bealer
———-
Looking for SciShow elsewhere on the internet?
Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/scishow
Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/scishow
Tumblr: http://scishow.tumblr.com
Instagram: http://instagram.com/thescishow
———-
Sources:

The mystery behind a scorpion’s glow


https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/puffin-beaks-are-fluorescent-and-theyre-not-only-ones-180968724/
https://oceanexplorer.noaa.gov/facts/living-light.html
https://eamcetzoology.blogspot.com/2009/09/bioluminescence-vs-fluorescence.html
https://www.degruyter.com/downloadpdf/j/mamm.1985.49.issue-2/mamm.1985.49.2.249/mamm.1985.49.2.249.xml
https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/artful-amoeba/for-some-reason-new-world-flying-squirrels-fluoresce-pink/
https://www.degruyter.com/view/journals/mamm/ahead-of-print/article-10.1515-mammalia-2020-0027/article-10.1515-mammalia-2020-0027.xml
https://academic.oup.com/jmammal/article-abstract/100/1/21/5299493
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/330637392_Ultraviolet_fluorescence_discovered_in_New_World_flying_squirrels_Glaucomys
https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/platypuses-glow-green-under-ultraviolet-light-180976196/

A blue-green glow adds to platypuses’ long list of bizarre features


https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-017-05586-5

Image Sources:
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Trirachodon.jpg
Platypus specimen images courtesy of J. Martin, Northland College, in Anich et al. 2020