Are Viruses Alive?

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Viruses all around us, they evolve, grow, and can be killed. But are they alive?

Hosted by: Michael Aranda

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Sources:

https://doi.org/10.1080/073911011010524992
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.shpsc.2016.02.016
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11229-011-9879-7
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tig.2010.07.003
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/33519747/
https://doi.org/10.1093/cid/cix349
https://doi.org/10.1515/bmc-2020-0001
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/19270719/
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.shpsc.2016.02.008f
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.shpsc.2016.02.010
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.shpsc.2016.02.014
https://doi.org/10.1038/340467a0
https://doi.org/10.2307/1313569
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/30300353/
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/26475454/
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/12663918/
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/16741503/
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.shpsc.2016.02.010
https://doi.org/10.1002/9780470015902.a0023269
https://doi.org/10.1128/JVI.01107-07

Image Source

https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/big-oak-in-the-sunlight-gm1186742971-334950326
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Paenibacillus_alvei_endospore_microscope_image.tif
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Wolbachia.png
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Electron_microscopic_image_of_a_mimivirus_-_journal.ppat.1000087.g007_crop.png
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Mitochondria,_mammalian_lung_-_TEM.jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?search=bacteriophage&title=Special:MediaSearch&go=Go&type=image
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/3d-virus-cells-attacking-a-dna-strand-gm1154473170-313965927
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/virus-cells-under-the-microscope-gm1218190140-355876337
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/virus-dna-covid-19-coronavirus-dna-water-white-background-3d-rendering-gm1216077362-354457735
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/diatoms-are-photosynthesising-algae-they-have-a-siliceous-skeleton-and-are-found-in-gm1182559067-332114302
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/2020-coronavirus-pandemic-banner-gm1213840577-352931797

How to Protect Our Kids’ Data? | Stephanie Newman | TEDxRoseburg

If you love to share about your child online, you may soon think twice about doing so. Companies (both legitimate and illegal) are sweeping and storing your child’s data from seemingly harmless social media posts. The consequences for these future adults are staggering; from identity theft to job and school applications, these children are being set up for significant challenges. Entertainer and educator Steph Newman experienced one bizarre baby identity theft that led her down a road of discovery that you must hear to help prevent your own child’s digital kidnapping. Steph Newman is a professional actor in the entertainment industry (Oregon Shakespeare Festival, New Swan Shakespeare Festival, PCPA and many other theaters). She came to Roseburg in 2013 to work as the Professor of Theatre at UCC. Mrs. Newman currently serves on the Planning Commission and gets to teach Kindergarten at Winchester Elementary.

As a business owner and host of the podcast “I Love Theatre Now What,” Steph loves the power of social media; as a mom and teacher, she despises it. After having a child, she decided not to post stories of her kid online. But it wasn’t until a year later that a surprising incident sent her down a path of discovery about this very risky practice. With unsettling data about the life-long consequences that come from getting a few “likes,” she hopes to inspire ripples of change with what she has learned. This talk was given at a TEDx event using the TED conference format but independently organized by a local community. Learn more at https://www.ted.com/tedx

11 Surprising Stories Behind Amazing Artworks

The stories behind paintings and sculptures can be as interesting as the work itself. From romantic intrigue to momentous geopolitical events, looking “behind the easel” can shed light on our shared history and culture. Erin shares the stories behind artistic masterpieces, from Rothko’s Seagram Murals to Gustav Klimt’s Portrait of Adele Bloch-Bauer.

In case you forgot, The List Show is a trivia-tastic, fact-filled show for curious people. Subscribe here for new Mental Floss episodes every Wednesday: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCpZ5qUqpW4hW4zdfuBxMSJA?sub_confirmation=1

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Original Creepypasta – The Sea of Green

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Creepy, Scary, and Chilling Topics! https://youtube.com/playlist?list=PLe7K6kDBf74HK4A_zHEB-aQLNEErSikq5&playnext=1&index=2
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To accomplish great things, you need to “let the paint dry” | Daniel J. Watts

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As theaters closed in the wake of the coronavirus pandemic, the creatives who populated their stages were plunged into a state of seemingly endless uncertainty. Aided by a delightful and metaphorically resonant piece of performance art, multidisciplinary artist Daniel J. Watts shares a personal perspective on reframing this moment of global stasis as an opportunity to reset and reflect on the potential of what comes after.

The TED Talks channel features the best talks and performances from the TED Conference, where the world’s leading thinkers and doers give the talk of their lives in 18 minutes (or less). Look for talks on Technology, Entertainment and Design — plus science, business, global issues, the arts and more. You’re welcome to link to or embed these videos, forward them to others and share these ideas with people you know.

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Your WILL is the Key to Reinvention | Victoria Kennedy | TEDxTenayaPaseo

“Looking for a fresh start? People love to throw around the phrase, “”Just reinvent yourself!”” as if it’s the easiest thing to do. But how do you do it? And most importantly, how to stay consistent with the this new version of yourself? Victoria Kennedy reinvented her life from being a Nun, to a Pageant Queen, to an Opera Singer; all the way to building a multiple 6-figure business, Victorious PR. She had to recognize her failures and change her perspective in order to grow into the new roles that life threw at her. She is going to tell you how her WILL to become successful helped her reinvent her life and how by using her advice, you can reinvent yourself and finally become the person you always wanted to be. Follow her on Social Media: Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/victoriajkennedy Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/thevictoriakennedy Know more about Victoria Kennedy: www.Victoriouspr.com www.victoriakennedyofficial.com” Victoria Kennedy is a well-respected authority in public relations. She is the CEO of Victorious PR, an agency that gets entrepreneurs and internet marketers into the biggest publications in the world, including Instagram and Facebook verification. Because of her expertise in marketing, she has been a trusted speaker and contributor to such organizations as Entrepreneur Magazine, Inman News, Forbes, and Yahoo Finance.In addition to running a successful PR & Marketing agency, she also has given talks, workshops, and has worked as a trusted consultant for Entrepreneurs, C-level executives, and top marketers and influencers. She has been featured in over 200 publications and podcasts both nationally and internationally.In addition to her marketing expertise, Victoria is a #1 selling classical-crossover singer and has sung with the likes of Andrea Bocelli, as well as toured all over Europe with her music. This talk was given at a TEDx event using the TED conference format but independently organized by a local community. Learn more at https://www.ted.com/tedx

How Airlines Are Racing to Clean Up the Skies With “Green” Fuels

Sustainable aviation fuel, or SAF, could help the airline industry meet ambitious emissions reduction targets in the coming years.
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Pre-COVID, aviation was one of the fastest-growing sources of greenhouse gas emissions, rising by about 2% every year since 2000. If it were a country, global aviation would rank in the top 10 greenhouse gas emitters, ahead of Brazil, Mexico, and the UK. And with its fuel consumption expected to triple over the next 25 years, some governments aren’t waiting to take action.

In June of 2020, the UK government established the JetZero Council , part of a post-pandemic green recovery plan that includes the adoption of sustainable technologies to reach the goal of zero-emission flights by 2050.

But how will the global airline industry reach these sustainability goals while grappling with the massive financial hit from COVID. Well, one of the easiest ways could be to re-think our fuel source. Sustainable aviation fuel, also known as SAF, is a cleaner substitute for dirty fossil fuels.

#greenenergy #sustainableenergy #aviation #space #seeker #science #elements

Read More:

Can sustainable aviation fuels give us guilt-free flying?
https://www.chemistryworld.com/features/can-sustainable-aviation-fuels-give-us-guilt-free-flying/4012416.article
“No one knows how quickly or how far [the airline industry] will recover. But whatever happens, for the world to get to a net-zero-carbon economy by 2050 aviation will have to play its part.

Sustainable aviation fuels could soon take flight
https://energynews.us/2020/08/28/midwest/sustainable-aviation-fuels-could-soon-take-flight/
“At first, the new fuels would mainly be blended with commercial jet fuels, in somewhat the same way that ethanol can now make up a certain percentage of auto gasoline.”

Oxford researchers hope to convert carbon dioxide into jet fuel https://www.washingtonpost.com/technology/2020/12/31/jet-fuel-climate-change-co2/
“Researchers led by Oxford University have developed a strategy for creating jet fuel out of natural greenhouse gas, joining a growing list of firms and aviation organizations aiming to tackle mounting climate change concerns.”

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Why We Faint (When Other Animals Don’t)

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Humans are the only animals known to faint due to triggers like shock, fear, or pain; this is due to a combination of our massive brains and upright stance.

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To learn more about this topic, start your googling with these keywords:
“Fight or flight”: an instinctive physiological response to a threatening situation that readies animals (including humans) to either resist forcibly or escape
Fainting: loss of consciousness caused by a temporary lack of oxygen to the brain, also known as “syncope.”
Vasovagal syncope: a type of fainting that happens when your body overreacts to an emotional trigger like being in danger, seeing blood, or even just hearing some shocking news.
Tonic immobility: an instinctive physiological response to a threatening situation that causes some animals to relax their muscles and “freeze” in place, sometimes causing them to fall over
Jump scare: a technique often used in horror films meant to scare the audience with a sudden change on screen, usually paired with a loud sound

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REFERENCES
**************
Alboni, Paolo, and Marco Alboni. “Origin and Evolution of the Vasovagal Reflex.” Vasovagal Syncope. Springer, Cham, 2015. 3-17.

Alboni, P., Alboni, M. “Typical vasovagal syncope as a “defense mechanism” for the heart by contrasting sympathetic overactivity.” Clin Auton Res 27, 253–261 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10286-017-0446-2

Blanc, Jean-Jacques, Paolo Alboni, and David G. Benditt. “Vasovagal syncope in humans and protective reactions in animals.” Ep Europace 17.3 (2015): 345-349.

Bracha, H., Bienvenu, O. & Person, D. “Evolution and fear-fainting.” Clin Auton Res 16, 299 (2006). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10286-006-0359-y

Buckey JC, Peshock RM, Blomqvist CG. “Deep venous contribution to hydrostatic blood volume change in the human leg.” Am J Cardiol. 1988 Sep 1;62(7):449-53. https://doi.org/10.1016/0002-9149(88)90976-9.

Furst, Branko. “The Effect of Gravity and Upright Posture on Circulation.” The Heart and Circulation. Springer, Cham, 2020. 319-341.

Kozlowska K, Walker P, McLean L, Carrive P. “Fear and the Defense Cascade: Clinical Implications and Management.” Harv Rev Psychiatry. 2015 Jul-Aug;23(4):263-87. https://doi.org/10.1097/HRP.0000000000000065.

Roelofs, Karin. “Freeze for action: neurobiological mechanisms in animal and human freezing.” Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 372.1718 (2017): 20160206.

Sheldon, Robert S., and Roopinder K. Sandhu. “The search for the genes of vasovagal syncope.” Frontiers in cardiovascular medicine 6 (2019): 175.

Sun, Benjamin C., Jennifer A. Emond, and Carlos A. Camargo Jr. “Direct medical costs of syncope-related hospitalizations in the United States.” The American journal of cardiology 95.5 (2005): 668-671.

van Dijk JG. “Fainting in animals.” Clin Auton Res. 2003 Aug;13(4):247-55. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10286-003-0099-1.

Who decides what’s in the dictionary? – Ilan Stavans

Explore the history of the Merriam-Webster Dictionary and find out how old words get redefined and how new words are added.

While the concept of a dictionary dates back to ancient civilizations, the first English dictionary wasn’t published until 1604. In the centuries that followed, many more dictionaries were written by individual authors who chose what to include or exclude, with most quickly becoming outdated. One 19th century lexicon had a different fate. Ilan Stavans digs into the history of Webster’s Dictionary.

Lesson by Ilan Stavans, directed by Lisa LaBracio.

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The Stressful Reasons Corals Are Becoming More Colorful

This episode is brought to you by the Music for Scientists album! Stream the album on major music services here: https://streamlink.to/music-for-scientists Check out “Aristarchus in the Rain” here: https://youtu.be/kuD61YDmv6U

Scientists have found Coral reefs in new, dazzling colors, but this is a warning that the reefs are stressed out.

Hosted by: Rose Bear Don’t Walk

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Sources:

https://www.cell.com/current-biology/fulltext/S0960-9822(20)30571-6
https://www.scientificamerican.com/podcast/episode/colorful-corals-beat-bleaching/
https://www.nature.com/articles/nature21707
https://www.nature.com/articles/35048564?foxtrotcallback=true
https://www.academia.edu/9996109/The_role_of_host_based_color_and_fluorescent_pigments_in_photoprotection_and_in_reducing_bleaching_stress_in_corals
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/mec.13041
https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/pdf/10.1098/rspb.2017.0320
https://science.sciencemag.org/content/350/6262/769
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0272771408003405

Fluorescent Pigments: What Purpose Do They Serve?

Image Sources:

https://www.cell.com/current-biology/fulltext/S0960-9822(20)30571-6
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/soft-coral-polyps-octocoral-gm179071752-25243363
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/coral-bleaching-gm629534636-112046343
https://www.istockphoto.com/vector/coral-gm1198565113-342593392
https://www.istockphoto.com/vector/coral-icon-and-vector-illustration-gm1283528791-380925673
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/sea-fan-gm175485685-21036471

Vie et travail avec le monde comme point de départ | Gabriel SEIBEL | TEDxParisNanterre

Gabriel, despite his young age is already a CEO of a 10-year-old company. Alumni of University Paris Nanterre, he shared the journey of his still growing company, at just 27. He started really young while still a student. Through his talk, he shares his failures and how this helped him get better but also to reinvent himself. The only way to learn, is to fail, young people should not be afraid to start from nothing. Gabriel, despite his young age is already a CEO of a 10-year-old company. Alumni of University Paris Nanterre, he shared the journey of his still growing company, at just 27. He started really young while still a student. What made him a self-made man his the tenacity he has. Through his talk, he shares about his failures and how this helped him to get better but also to reinvent himself. The only way to learn his to fail, young people should not be afraid to start from nothing. This talk was given at a TEDx event using the TED conference format but independently organized by a local community. Learn more at https://www.ted.com/tedx

3 strategies for effectively talking about climate change | John Marshall

Take action on climate change at http://countdown.ted.com.

Which sounds more urgent: “global warming” or “pollution blanket overheating planet”? In this actionable talk, communications strategist John Marshall explains why we need to rethink how we talk about climate change — and offers small but mighty language adjustments to get people to more intuitively understand and care about this existential threat.

Countdown is TED’s global initiative to accelerate solutions to the climate crisis. The goal: to build a better future by cutting greenhouse gas emissions in half by 2030, in the race to a zero-carbon world. Get involved at https://countdown.ted.com/sign-up

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TED’s videos may be used for non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons License, Attribution–Non Commercial–No Derivatives (or the CC BY – NC – ND 4.0 International) and in accordance with our TED Talks Usage Policy (https://www.ted.com/about/our-organization/our-policies-terms/ted-talks-usage-policy). For more information on using TED for commercial purposes (e.g. employee learning, in a film or online course), please submit a Media Request at https://media-requests.ted.com

Meet the bluefin tuna, the toughest fish in the sea – Grantly Galland and Raiana McKinney

Discover the unique adaptations that make the Atlantic bluefin tuna one of the most dominant predators in the ocean.

What’s as big as a polar bear, swallows its prey whole, and swims at forty miles an hour? It’s not a shark or a killer whale… it’s the Atlantic bluefin tuna— the largest and longest-lived of the 15 tuna species. Its unique set of adaptations make it one of the most dominant predators in the ocean. Grantly Galland and Raiana McKinney detail how these fish go from tiny hatchling to ocean giant.

Lesson by Grantly Galland and Raiana McKinney, directed by Anna Benner.

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The Case for Entomophagy | Allison Bajada | TEDxVillanovaU

Despite its taboo nature in the West, the practice of entomophagy, or eating insects, is an important cultural practice for more than 2 billion people worldwide. In her captivating talk, “The Case for Entomophagy”, Allison Bajada details humanity’s history with edible insects and lays out critical reasons why we as a society and as individuals should adopt the custom. Allison Bajada is a second-year Presidential Scholar studying both psychology and philosophy at Villanova University. Allison is a long-time public speaker and has given two TEDxVillanovaU talks. She is proud to be a talk show host and business director at Villanova’s radio station, WXVU. She is a mother to a pair of red-eared slider turtles named Hobbes and Locke, who both share her belief that eating insects is a great idea. This talk was given at a TEDx event using the TED conference format but independently organized by a local community. Learn more at https://www.ted.com/tedx

Tiyatro, Hayallerimi Paylaştığım Yer | Aysel Yıldırım | TEDxAçıHighSchool

Creative Spark. Boğaziçi Gösteri Sanatları Topluluğu’nda oyunculuk, oyun yazarlığı ve yönetimi, yayıncılık alanlarında çalışmıştır. Aynı zamanda çocuklar ve gençlerle tiyatro faaliyetine, tiyatro eğitmeni olarak devam eder. 2017-2018 sezonunda BGST Tiyatro için yazdığı Zabel oyunu ile Tiyatro Eleştirmenler Birliği Ödülleri ve Üstün Akmen Tiyatro Ödülleri tarafından ‘Yılın Yerli Oyun Yazarı’ ödülüne layık görülmüştür. Aynı yıl Zabel oyunundaki performansı ile Sadri Alışık Tiyatro ve Sinema Oyuncu Ödülleri ve Direklerarası Seyirci Ödülleri tarafından verilen ‘Yılın En İyi Kadın Oyuncusu’ ödüllerinin de sahibi olmuştur. This talk was given at a TEDx event using the TED conference format but independently organized by a local community. Learn more at https://www.ted.com/tedx

Thank Climate Change for the Awful Allergy Season

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Every spring, around 20% of the population enters the season of sniffles, and some years are worse than others. But lately, there just don’t seem to be any better years because the different effects of climate change seem to be working together to make allergy seasons extra awful.

Hosted by: Michael Aranda

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———-
Sources:
https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1618618114
https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2018.00874
https://doi.org/10.7554/eLife.05557
https://doi.org/10.1016/S2542-5196(19)30015-4
https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.2013284118
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/10716723/
https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0212010
https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.pcp.a029493
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/25372614/
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/25978036/
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/25646533/
https://doi.org/10.1159/000487997
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32689165/
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10584-017-2065-2
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10021-014-9822-0
https://doi.org/10.3389/falgy.2021.627863
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00484-016-1139-6
https://www.aafa.org/media/1634/extreme-allergies-global-warming-report-2010.pdf
https://www.tn.gov/content/dam/tn/twra/documents/swap/tn-climate-change-swap-update.pdf
https://www.nature.com/scitable/knowledge/library/effects-of-rising-atmospheric-concentrations-of-carbon-13254108/

Images:
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/its-so-much-more-than-flu-these-days-gm1217583991-355466207
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/pollen-like-snow-gm91821142-9307204
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Misc_pollen.jpg
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/woman-using-asthma-inhaler-outdoor-gm1164728843-320235246
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/springtime-pollen-in-the-air-gm1198284529-342411853
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/pollen-gm476632040-66141851
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/field-with-dandelions-and-bright-sky-gm931079536-255221831
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/ragweed-gm92286049-5187453
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Photosynthesis_en.svg
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/ambrosia-pollen-gm115927816-2671831
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Ambrosia_artemisiifolia_plant7_(11741895306).jpg
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/drought-makes-the-wetland-dry-and-become-cracked-land-gm596078096-102194899
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Pinus_elliottii(1).jpg
https://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/4571
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/young-woman-got-nose-allergy-flu-sneezing-nose-gm859615534-240747808
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/allergy-concept-young-asian-woman-sneezes-and-blowing-her-nose-with-a-handkerchief-gm1145673155-308446649
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/dusty-particles-background-image-gm1204246901-346430412
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/defocused-lights-abstract-background-gm1198797490-342739165

Earth’s original inhabitants — and their role in combating climate change | Steven Allison

Visit http://TED.com to get our entire library of TED Talks, transcripts, translations, personalized talk recommendations and more.

Every environment on the planet — from forested mountaintops to scorching deserts and even the human gut — has a microbiome that keeps it healthy and balanced. Ecologist Steven Allison explores how these extraordinarily adaptable, diverse collections of microorganisms could help solve big global problems like climate change and food insecurity — and makes the case for getting to know Earth’s original inhabitants in fascinating ways.

The TED Talks channel features the best talks and performances from the TED Conference, where the world’s leading thinkers and doers give the talk of their lives in 18 minutes (or less). Look for talks on Technology, Entertainment and Design — plus science, business, global issues, the arts and more. You’re welcome to link to or embed these videos, forward them to others and share these ideas with people you know.

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Taking The Emergency Exit From A Wind Turbine

Wind turbines have emergency exits, but they might not be for the reason you think. • Thanks to Octopus Energy: https://octopus.energy/octopus-fan-club/ (This video isn’t sponsored, but obviously they did let me go up their wind turbine.)

Drone camera: Tom Francone
Edited by Michelle Martin (@mrsmmartin)

Thanks very much to all the team at Octopus Energy and EWT!

Filmed safely: https://www.tomscott.com/safe/

I’m at https://tomscott.com
on Twitter at https://twitter.com/tomscott
on Facebook at https://facebook.com/tomscott
and on Instagram as tomscottgo

A sneak peek at Missing Chapter season two

Five new episodes starting May 10!

Missing Chapter is back with season two. This season, we’re exploring more hidden histories that didn’t make it into our textbooks. We’ll cover the surprising origins of Chinatown’s architecture, what we aren’t taught about the Black Panther Party, the fight to reclaim a sacred Hawaiian island, and more.

Have an idea for a story that we should investigate for Missing Chapter? Send it to us via this form! http://bit.ly/2RhjxMy

Sign up for the Missing Chapter newsletter to stay up to date with the series: https://vox.com/missing-chapter​

Explore the full Missing Chapter playlist, including episodes, a creator Q&A, and more!

Subscribe to our channel: http://goo.gl/0bsAjO​

Vox.com is a news website that helps you cut through the noise and understand what’s really driving the events in the headlines. Check out http://www.vox.com​.

Watch our full video catalog: http://goo.gl/IZONyE​
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The World’s Most Powerful Supercomputer Is Almost Here

The next generation of computing is on the horizon, and several new machines may just smash all the records…with two nations neck and neck in a race to get there first.
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The ENIAC was capable of about 400 FLOPS. FLOPS stands for floating-point operations per second, which basically tells us how many calculations the computer can do per second. This makes measuring FLOPS a way of calculating computing power.

So, the ENIAC was sitting at 400 FLOPS in 1945, and in the ten years it was operational, it may have performed more calculations than all of humanity had up until that point in time—that was the kind of leap digital computing gave us. From that 400 FLOPS we upgraded to 10,000 FLOPS, and then a million, a billion, a trillion, a quadrillion FLOPS. That’s petascale computing, and that’s the level of today’s most powerful supercomputers.

But what’s coming next is exascale computing. That’s zeroes. 1 quintillion operations per second. Exascale computers will be a thousand times better performing than the petascale machines we have now. Or, to put it another way, if you wanted to do the same number of calculations that an exascale computer can do in ONE second…you’d be doing math for over 31 billion years.

#ENIAC #supercomputer #computer #computing #supercomputing #space #seeker #science #elements

Read More:

Will China Attain Exascale Supercomputing in 2020?
https://spectrum.ieee.org/computing/hardware/will-china-attain-exascale-supercomputing-in-2020
“Now the United States, China, Japan, and the European Union are all striving to reach the exaflop (1018 ) scale. The Chinese have claimed they will hit that mark in 2020. But they haven’t said so lately.”

ENIAC at 75: Celebrating the World’s First Supercomputer

ENIAC at 75: Celebrating the World’s First Supercomputer


“So influential has ENIAC been since it was created that it changed electrical engineering and birthed new disciplines in the creative arts and sciences and computer science itself, said Thompson. ‘Everyone’s touched by it,’ he said. ‘Anybody who reads an email.'”

Attack the Climate Crisis with Exascale Supercomputing

Attack the Climate Crisis with Exascale Supercomputing


“Imagine fitting the entire planet inside a computer. Using the world’s fastest supercomputers and big data models, climate scientists are creating computer models of the Earth’s air, water, and land systems at a global scale.”

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Seeker empowers the curious to understand the science shaping our world. We tell award-winning stories about the natural forces and groundbreaking innovations that impact our lives, our planet, and our universe.

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Is joke theft really an issue in comedy? | Paul F. Tompkins | Big Think

Is joke theft really an issue in comedy?
Watch the newest video from Big Think: https://bigth.ink/NewVideo
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———————————————————————————-
Comedian Paul F. Tompkins explains the complexities of plagiarism in the comedy world; comedians all spend time together, processing the same current events—to some degree, it’s natural that they may arrive at the same conclusions and jokes.

“There are certain things that human beings just are predisposed to laugh at and we’re just kind of all putting our own spin on it,” he says.

Some comedians may do it knowingly and others completely by accident, almost by osmosis. There are levels of plagiarism, and if you ask most comedians, says Tompkins, they will have had an innocent experience of realizing something they wrote was not truly theirs.
———————————————————————————-
PAUL F. TOMPKINS

Paul F. Tompkins is a comedian, actor and writer. He is known for his work in television on such programs as Mr. Show with Bob and David, Real Time with Bill Maher and Best Week Ever, and he co-starred in There Will Be Blood, with Daniel Day-Lewis.

He is well known for his numerous appearances on podcasts, including his 100+ appearances on Comedy Bang! Bang! He is also the host of the Fusion Channel talk show No, You Shut Up!, The Dead Authors Podcast, the online Made Man interview series Speakeasy with Paul F. Tompkins, the Earwolf podcast SPONTANEANATION with Paul F. Tompkins, and The Pod F. Tompkast, which was ranked #1 by Rolling Stone on their list of “The 10 Best Comedy Podcasts of the Moment” in 2011.
———————————————————————————-
Follow Big Think here:

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———————————————————————————-
Transcript: Like many things there are many levels to the idea of taking someone else’s material because we hear these things and we absorb them. And over the years I’ve certainly had material that I’ve done that I either realized later, you know, after I’d done it a couple of times oh, you know what? I think I heard somebody do a thing like this and I’m kind of unconsciously absorbing it, you know. A big part of it for me and I think for a lot of comedians is when you have an idea that seems too good to be true you check with other people and say has anyone done this because it seems like someone must have done this by now. And I mean the fact of the matter is a lot of us arrive at the same ideas at around the same time or at various times, you know. I’ve had people – I’ve seen people do routines that I knew they didn’t’ take from me but they had – because for whatever reason I had stopped doing it a long time ago. There’s no way they would have heard this bit. But it ends up being pretty much the same thing. But I’m not going to go up to them and say hey you stole me bit, you know. Because you learn – over time you learn the difference between when someone is just taking a thing and someone has arrived at the same idea that you have.

It’s entirely possible to plagiarize other people’s material. It’s absolutely you can hear something and you can say hey, you know what? I didn’t write that but it sounds good and I’m going to do it. And whose ever going to know. It’s also entirely possible to do it without realizing it and to consume so much stuff and you’re around other comedians a lot and you see other people perform. And if you’re doing that a lot you can easily fool yourself into thinking the idea came out of your mind. It’s almost like it’s on a – you have all these thoughts that are on this sort of cycle and things pop up and go down. So you might have a thing that you liked, you processed, oh I enjoyed that. You might think about it for a bit. Then you might forget it, it slips into your subconscious and then months later it comes out and you don’t realize oh no, I got this idea because I saw someone do this whole thing. So it is possible and there are people who do it knowingly and there are people who do it by accident. I would say that just about any comedian you’re going to talk to will probably say yeah, I’ve had that experience where I did a thing that I thought I made up and it turns out I’d heard it from someone else.

You know, I don’t know what the Joseph Campbell equivalent to storytelling would be for comedy but there are certain situations and certain feelings, certain points of mockery that all come down to the same thing just varied ways of telling them.

Geological Misfits: 4 Small Weird Places

There are some places on our planet that seem pretty ordinary, they’re just… weirdly small. Like, a miniature desert, or a teensy volcano. But when you look a little closer, there’s a lot more to these tiny geological misfits than meets the eye.

Hosted by: Hank Green

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Silas Emrys, Drew Hart, Jeffrey Mckishen, James Knight, Christoph Schwanke, Jacob, Matt Curls, Christopher R Boucher, Eric Jensen, Adam Brainard, Nazara, Growing Violet, Ash, Laura Sanborn, Sam Lutfi, Piya Shedden, Katie Marie Magnone, Scott Satovsky Jr, charles george, Alex Hackman, Chris Peters, Kevin Bealer, Alisa Sherbow

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———-
Sources:
A special thanks to Bruce Bennett, wildlife biologist & coordinator at the Yukon Conservation Data Center, for answering our questions about the Carcross Desert!

Smallest Desert
https://ygsftp.gov.yk.ca/publications/yeg/yeg03/07_bond.pdf
http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.114.5236&rep=rep1&type=pdf
Smallest Mountain Range
https://pubs.usgs.gov/fs/2011/3024/fs2011-3024.pdf
https://www.csus.edu/indiv/h/hausback/pdfs%20of%20publications/hausback-nilsen-1999-sutter%20buttes-cdmg%20spec%20pub%20119.pdf
https://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/images/79049/sutter-buttes-california
Smallest Volcano
https://jnp.chitkara.edu.in/index.php/jnp/article/view/128/98

Smallest Active Volcano
https://volcano.si.edu/volcano.cfm?vn=273070
http://volcano.oregonstate.edu/taal
https://earth-planets-space.springeropen.com/articles/10.1186/s40623-018-0925-2
https://pubs.usgs.gov/gip/volc/types.html

Images:
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/emerald-lake-yukon-canada-gm1127103454-296948695
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/wood-sign-in-the-carcross-desert-gm1208061835-349042786
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/desert-with-a-lake-view-gm1166425536-321317612
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/snow-mountain-gm502605039-43821262
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/carcross-desert-yukon-territory-canada-gm511742841-46694324
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Rain_shadow_effect.jpg
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/carcross-desert-gm476730842-66187067
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/yukon-lupine-gm185108616-19477717
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/sutter-buttes-the-worlds-smallest-mountain-range-gm139540078-762393
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/red-oak-growing-between-rocks-in-foothills-in-front-of-the-sierra-nevada-mountains-gm1215415971-353997451
https://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/1322
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Sutter_Buttes_Bird%27s_eye_view.jpg
https://www.usgs.gov/volcanoes/lassen-volcanic-center/chaos-crags-and-chaos-jumbles
https://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/images/79049/sutter-buttes-california
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/landscape-view-of-jagged-fault-line-gm456865315-30801036
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Cuexcomate_Completo.jpg
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/cuexcomate-mexico-gm909622706-250536733
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/great-fountain-geysir-gm155095783-18054303
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/cuexcomate-the-smallest-volcano-in-the-world-in-puebla-gm536724969-57652548
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Cuexcomate_Detalle_3.jpg
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/cuexcomate-mexico-gm909622670-250536731
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Popocat%C3%A9petl_fumarola.jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Taal_Volcano_aerial_2013.jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Taal_Volcano_-_12_January_2020.jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Volcanic_Cone_in_Taal_Lake_in_the_Philippines_-_2010-05-15.jpg
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/philippines-lake-taal-volcano-tagaytay-gm533910373-56471454
https://www.usgs.gov/media/images/nighttime-landsat-8-image-taal-volcano
https://www.istockphoto.com/vector/volcano-vector-eruption-and-volcanism-or-explosion-convulsion-of-nature-volcanic-in-gm929250746-254831096
https://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/images/85670/volcano-island-of-taal
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/sand-dunes-at-death-valley-gm1282097003-379926829
https://www.istockphoto.com/vector/grunge-texture-vector-illustration-background-rubber-stamp-pattern-isolated-on-gm1246934820-363253359
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:California_Mountain_Ranges.png
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/california-state-usa-3d-render-topographic-map-border-gm850794600-139769321

Performance | Adjei Sun | TEDxYouth@Brum

Adjei Sun is a 21 year old Birmingham based artist. Creating has always been a form of therapy for Adjei, since he was young.

“This is what I always hope my art to do. To make others feel less alone. To inspire others to share their truth.”

In the spirit of ideas worth spreading, TEDx is a program of local, self-organized events that bring people together to share a TED-like experience. At a TEDx event, TEDTalks video and live speakers combine to spark deep discussion and connection in a small group. These local, self-organized events are branded TEDx, where x = independently organized TED event. The TED Conference provides general guidance for the TEDx program, but individual TEDx events are self-organized. The theme of this years TEDxYouth@Brum 2021 conference is INSERT FUTURE HERE. I’m Adjei Sun. I’m 21 and a Birmingham based artist. As well as writing poetry, I write my own songs, create films, curate events for different causes I’m passionate about and I act. Creating has always been a form of therapy for me, since I was young, a way of dealing with things. When I started sharing my work in the last 5 years I realised that my art wasn’t only helping me but helping others too. This is what I always hope my art to do. To make others feel less alone. To inspire others to share their truth. This talk was given at a TEDx event using the TED conference format but independently organized by a local community. Learn more at https://www.ted.com/tedx

Foggy clarity: How to exist in uncertainty | ADIBA ARJITA | TEDxYouth@Brum

In the spirit of ideas worth spreading, TEDx is a program of local, self-organized events that bring people together to share a TED-like experience. At a TEDx event, TEDTalks video and live speakers combine to spark deep discussion and connection in a small group. These local, self-organized events are branded TEDx, where x = independently organized TED event. The TED Conference provides general guidance for the TEDx program, but individual TEDx events are self-organized. The theme of this years TEDxYouth@Brum 2021 conference is INSERT FUTURE HERE. Adiba, a young woman, citizen of the world. She has struggled with mental health since a young age, contemplating life at its most intricate mechanisms.
She hasn’t won any prizes, nor any highly recognised positions; though she is marvelled by people who do achieve such an opportunity!
Adiba, is just a simple young adult. Learning the curves and edges of our interconnected journey we call Life; and as her philosophically poetic/analytical mind unravels the uncertainty, she stands strong in the knowledge of fragility of the human kind.
Today, she stands strong in the desire to share her little wisdom of her early years through mellow tone of her words in loud words. This talk was given at a TEDx event using the TED conference format but independently organized by a local community. Learn more at https://www.ted.com/tedx

A bit of funk, a little rock, a hint of sax, a dash of pop. | Vandergoose (Band) | TEDxBYU

Vandergoose is like a fresh walk on the beach in your favorite go-go boots as the moon bathes the sand ahead of you in electric rainbow moonbeams. Listening to their music gives you that feeling of slow dancing with the prettiest girl or boy and nailing your first sprint. Or you’ll feel like a strobe light lightning strike with hips like Elvis mixed with Shakira. A little funk? A little rock? A bit of sax? A dash of pop? Cool. I can get down to that. From throughout the country, members of the band came together in Provo, UT to unite as Vandergoose. With varying musical influence, they hope to create a silky smooth sonic experience, knit together from the musical fabrics of all corners of time and space. We hope you delight in our musical goodies (and a new song written just for this event!).

Hannah Cagle – Backup vocals and Rhythm Guitar
Jacob Christensen – Lead Guitar
Brenton Jackson – Bass, Saxophone, and Backup vocals
Grant Cagle – Lead vocals and Rhythm Guitar
Jordan Allen – Keys This talk was given at a TEDx event using the TED conference format but independently organized by a local community. Learn more at https://www.ted.com/tedx

The most Important Letter You’ll Ever Write | Stuart Edge | TEDxBYU

When we are in difficult times, hope for the future can help us get unstuck. One way you can cultivate that hope is by writing a letter to your future self. Stuart Edge is an American actor, author, and entertainer best known for his viral internet videos and inspirational storytelling. Stuart has been featured as a performer on Late Night with Jimmy Fallon and EXTRA with Mario Lopez and Maria Menounos, as well as many other notable media outlets around the world. Most recently, Stuart had his acting debut as John Brooke in the movie “Little Women” acting alongside Lead Thompson, Lucas Grabeel, and Ian Bohen. This talk was given at a TEDx event using the TED conference format but independently organized by a local community. Learn more at https://www.ted.com/tedx

Apple vs Facebook – The Great Privacy Fight

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— About ColdFusion —
ColdFusion is an Australian based online media company independently run by Dagogo Altraide since 2009. Topics cover anything in science, technology, history and business in a calm and relaxed environment.

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— “New Thinking” written by Dagogo Altraide —
This book was rated the 9th best technology history book by book authority.
In the book you’ll learn the stories of those who invented the things we use everyday and how it all fits together to form our modern world.
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Sources:

https://www.digitalmusicnews.com/2018/03/25/steve-jobs-user-privacy-2010/

https://www.engadget.com/tim-cook-privacy-cpdp-2021-slams-facebook-184333398.html

https://www.nytimes.com/wirecutter/blog/iphone-ios-14-privacy-alerts/

https://www.wsj.com/articles/iphone-apps-asking-to-track-you-answers-to-your-ios-14-5-privacy-questions-11617800400

https://www.nytimes.com/wirecutter/blog/iphone-ios-14-privacy-alerts/

Apple antitrust hearing: Tile likens Find My network to a ‘hostage’ program, App Store scam apps, more

https://www.facebook.com/business/news/announcing-facebook-shops

https://s21.q4cdn.com/399680738/files/doc_financials/2020/q4/FB-Q4-2020-Conference-Call-Transcript.pdf

Facebook Execs Talk Advertising, Apple, Privacy And Ray-Ban Smart Glasses

https://s21.q4cdn.com/399680738/files/doc_financials/2020/q4/FB-Q4-2020-Conference-Call-Transcript.pdf

//Soundtrack//

Burn water – Nostalgia Dreams https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vomjz_kEn6U

A.G Cook – Unknown

Dj Seinfeld – U

Kazukii – Milo

Cahb – Secrets

Be Major – Miss Words (patty Kay Remix)

Burn Water – The Truth https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d_7LTl5z-kA

» Music I produce | http://burnwater.bandcamp.com or
» http://www.soundcloud.com/burnwater
» https://www.patreon.com/ColdFusion_TV
» Collection of music used in videos: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YOrJJKW31OA

Producer: Dagogo Altraide

Digital Rights: Why we deserve a free and fair internet | Priscilla Chomba Kinywa | TEDxLusakaStudio

The COVID-19 pandemic has fundamentally changed the world as we know it. While you watch this talk via the Internet, Priscilla Chomba Kinywa reflects on what it would have meant to shelter-in-place without the internet. She also challenges you to consider how people without access to the Internet live their lives every day and especially now when many people, companies, and countries have moved online. Priscilla Chomba Kinywa is a Digital Transformation Strategist and ICT4D expert, with experience in technology and innovation spanning 19 years and in over 50 countries on five continents. She spent the first twelve years of her career in the United Nations, working with WFP and later UNICEF to deliver life-saving interventions that relied on the power of technology. She has also worked with large international non-profits to help them understand how to use technology to solve some of humanity’s most pressing global challenges and is always keen to support individuals and organisations that want to combine innovative thinking and technology to ‘do good better’. This talk was given at a TEDx event using the TED conference format but independently organized by a local community. Learn more at https://www.ted.com/tedx

The “Impossible” Ages of Sisters Puzzle

Asha and Lata are two sisters with mathematically interesting ages. If you write Lata’s age after Asha’s, you get a 4 digit perfect square. Amazingly the same thing happens if you repeat the exercise in 11 years. How old are Asha and Lata currently?

0:00 Problem
1:09 Difference of squares
2:25 Solution

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2017 Shorty Awards Nominee. Mind Your Decisions was nominated in the STEM category (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math) along with eventual winner Bill Nye; finalists Adam Savage, Dr. Sandra Lee, Simone Giertz, Tim Peake, Unbox Therapy; and other nominees Elon Musk, Gizmoslip, Hope Jahren, Life Noggin, and Nerdwriter.

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Stacking Tops #shorts

there’s nothing #short about this stack of tops hahahaha
hahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahaha

How Do Some Waves Get SO Big?

Get 10% off all orders with code MINUTEEARTH now through May 31. After that, code is valid on 6″ and 8.5″ only. Shop now on https://bit.ly/MinuteEarthGlobes.

All over the world, giant wave breaks appear because of underwater geology that supercharges their wave energy.

LEARN MORE
**************
To learn more about this topic, start your googling with these keywords:
Amplitude – The distance between the crest and trough of a wave.
Bathymetry – The measurement of depth of water in oceans, seas, or lakes.
Nazaré Canyon – An undersea canyon just off the coast of Nazaré, Portugal, in the eastern North Atlantic Ocean. It is the largest submarine canyon in Europe, reaching depths of about 5,000 meters (16,000 ft) deep and a length of about 230 kilometers (140 mi).
Plunging Breaker – Occurs when there are rapid depth changes. The crest of the wave becomes very steep, and the rear of the wave violently plunges over the front.
Reef Break – A location where waves break over a reef, often amplifying them.
Spilling Breaker – Occurs when the seafloor slopes gradually. As the wave becomes unstable, energy is dissipated by water spilling over the crest of the wave.
Swell – a slow, regular movement of the sea in rolling waves that do not break.
Wave period – The time between waves.

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CREDITS
*********
Cameron Duke | Script Writer
Kate Yoshida | Narrator
David Goldenberg | Director
Arcadi Garcia i Rius | Illustration, Video Editing, and Animation
Nathaniel Schroeder | Music

MinuteEarth is produced by Neptune Studios LLC
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OUR STAFF
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Sarah Berman • Arcadi Garcia Rius
David Goldenberg • Julián Gustavo Gómez
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Peter Reich • Ever Salazar • Kate Yoshida

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Website | https://minuteearth.com
Apple Podcasts| https://podcasts.apple.com/us/podcast/minuteearth/id649211176

REFERENCES
**************
Babanin, A. V., Rogers, W. E., de Camargo, R., Doble, M., Durrant, T., Filchuk, K., Ewans, K., Hemer, M., Janssen, T., Kelly-Gerreyn, B., Machutchon, K., McComb, P., Qiao, F., Schulz, E., Skvortsov, A., Thomson, J., Vichi, M., Violante-Carvalho, N., Wang, D., & Waseda, T. (2019). Waves and Swells in High Wind and Extreme Fetches, Measurements in the Southern Ocean. Frontiers in Marine Science, 6. Retrieved from: https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2019.00361

Editor At Surfertoday.com. (2013, November 5). The canyon that makes waves. Surfertoday; SurferToday.com | The Ultimate Surfing News Website. Retrieved from: https://www.surfertoday.com/surfing/the-canyon-that-makes-waves

Griffiths, L. S., & Porter, R. (2012). Focusing of surface waves by variable bathymetry. Applied Ocean Research, 34, 150–163. Retrieved from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apor.2011.08.004

Inman, D. (2021). Living with Coastal Change – Coastal Basics – Wave Refraction Model – Jaws, Hawaii. Ucsd.edu. Retrieved from: http://coastalchange.ucsd.edu/st3_basics/p_waverefrac.html#bathymetric_map

Keating, S. (2020, January 6). The story of a wave: from wind-blown ripples to breaking on the beach. The Conversation. Retrieved from: https://theconversation.com/the-story-of-a-wave-from-wind-blown-ripples-to-breaking-on-the-beach-128458

Pedro Proença Cunha, & Margarida, M. (2015, February). The Nazaré coast, the submarine canyon and the giant waves – a synthesis. ResearchGate; Universidade de Coimbra. Retrieved from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/275522569_The_Nazare_coast_the_submarine_canyon_and_the_giant_waves_-_a_synthesis

Pinet, P. R. (2009). Invitation to oceanography (5th ed.). Jones & Bartlett Learning.
The generation and propagation of ocean waves and swell. I. Wave periods and velocities | Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series A, Mathematical and Physical Sciences. (2017). Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series A, Mathematical and Physical Sciences. Retrieved from: https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/10.1098/rsta.1948.0005

Warner, S. (2020). What makes the world’s biggest surfable waves? The Conversation. Retrieved from: https://theconversation.com/what-makes-the-worlds-biggest-surfable-waves-150600

Warner, S. (2021). Department of Environmental Studies, Brandeis University. Personal Communication. Homepage: https://www.brandeis.edu/facultyguide/person.html?emplid=6cf46554ff6936fa51d9e22d0414e63798a5c4a1

The global challenge of vaccine equity | RSA Events

The speed with which Covid-19 vaccines have been developed represents a significant achievement for humanity and is providing hope for a way out of the pandemic, but the rollout so far has been unequal: high and middle-income countries are able to secure more vaccines than they need and vaccinate populations at speed, whilst low-income countries reliant on external supplies and funding are being left behind. Vaccine deployment is exposing deep health, political, racial and economic inequalities around the world.

Inequitable distribution is not just a moral issue. It’s also economically and epidemiologically self-defeating. As long as the virus continues to circulate, new variants will continue to emerge, economies will continue to be disrupted and people will continue to die.

In order to achieve safe, effective and equitable access, vaccines need to be produced at scale, priced affordably, allocated globally, and widely deployed in local communities. We need a coordinated, cooperative international response.

So what are the challenges, and how can we rise to them? And how can we use this opportunity to create more resilient healthcare systems and strengthen our approaches to pandemic response?

This event is produced in collaboration with On Think Tanks and Southern Voice.

#RSAVaccine

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The Enfield Poltergeist: A Family Haunted

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How “1” computer changed the WORLD | Brian Burke | TEDxBuckhead

NOTE FROM TED: TEDx events are independently organized by volunteers. The guidelines we give TEDx organizers are described in more detail here: http://storage.ted.com/tedx/manuals/tedx_content_guidelines.pdf

What can gifting one computer do for the world? Find out in this very interesting talk by Brian Burke. Brian talks about the ripple effects of gifting computers. This TEDx was curated by Jercori Freeman. The self proclaimed “Mac Man” Brian, has always been passionate about computers and even helped teach his computer class in 5th grade!

After successfully selling products, including used cell phones in college, Brian started buying and selling a lot of Apple products online. This talk was given at a TEDx event using the TED conference format but independently organized by a local community. Learn more at https://www.ted.com/tedx

How JNCO Jeans Made Absurd Fashion History

JNCO jeans (JNCOs, if you’re nasty) epitomized a brief, strange moment in fashion history. They were “countercultural” jeans marketed towards suburban tweens. JNCOs made adults angry, but what might be odder is that they made so many young people happy.

Erin dives into the history of JNCO jeans, from their iconic logo to their fall from wide-legged grace. She hits on the comfortability of JNCOs, the different meanings ascribed to the acronym (?) JNCO, and attempts to fit an entire JNCO leg over her head (OK, not that last one … though she did request that we make that a part of the video).

Website: http://www.mentalfloss.com 
Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/mental_floss 
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The strongest predictor for success | Angela Lee Duckworth

Watch the full talk: https://tedtalks.social/grit

A clip from Angela Lee Duckworth’s TED Talk “Grit: the power of passion and perseverance”

Leaving a high-flying job in consulting, Angela Lee Duckworth took a job teaching math to seventh graders in a New York public school. She quickly realized that IQ wasn’t the only thing separating the successful students from those who struggled. Here, she explains her theory of “grit” as a predictor of success.

The TED Talks channel features the best talks and performances from the TED Conference, where the world’s leading thinkers and doers give the talk of their lives in 18 minutes (or less). Look for talks on Technology, Entertainment and Design — plus science, business, global issues, the arts and more. You’re welcome to link to or embed these videos, forward them to others and share these ideas with people you know.

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TED’s videos may be used for non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons License, Attribution–Non Commercial–No Derivatives (or the CC BY – NC – ND 4.0 International) and in accordance with our TED Talks Usage Policy (https://www.ted.com/about/our-organization/our-policies-terms/ted-talks-usage-policy). For more information on using TED for commercial purposes (e.g. employee learning, in a film or online course), please submit a Media Request at https://media-requests.ted.com

Why Attachments are Larger in Emails – Computerphile

To send binary files via a text based system, they’ll need encoding. Dr Steve Bagley takes us through the attachment system used in email.

https://www.facebook.com/computerphile

This video was filmed and edited by Sean Riley.

Computer Science at the University of Nottingham: https://bit.ly/nottscomputer

Computerphile is a sister project to Brady Haran’s Numberphile. More at http://www.bradyharan.com

Host a TEDx Countdown Event

Companies, cities, partners, citizens and TEDx organizers can join the Countdown conversation, help spread the word, and discuss local solutions by hosting TEDx Countdown events in their communities from October 30 through the end of 2021.

Anyone, anywhere can sign up to host their own TEDx event of any size and format. You can host a watch party featuring Countdown talks, or curate a combination of Countdown talks along with your own original talks –– it’s up to you! Apply here: https://tedx-apply.ted.com/licenses/new?tags=Countdown.

Why the US has two different highway fonts

The typefaces on highway signs, deconstructed.

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When you head out on the highway in the United States, you’re probably paying attention to the signs above your car and on the side of the road — the ones that direct you to your destination. If you’re looking for an exit or a rest stop, chances are you’ll see the typeface Highway Gothic. It became the highway standard in the 1950s, born out of an initiative from the California Department of Transportation to develop a clearer and more flexible standard for highway signs.

But for the past decade, a new typeface has been trying to take its place: Clearview. This new typeface boasts wider spaces inside of letters and less chunky letterforms, and tries to solve some of Highway Gothic’s readability issues. Learn more in the video above.

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This Neurological Disease Kept People Sleeping for 40 Years

About 100 years ago, over a million people contracted a mysterious disease called encephalitis lethargica that left people in a sleepy state for decades. A breakthrough would finally come years later when a neurologist named Oliver Sacks took an unconventional approach to his patients.
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In the decade after World War One, over a million people contracted a mysterious neurological disease called encephalitis lethargica. Sometimes, patients would experience headaches, fever, vertigo, or trouble sleeping but then make a full recovery. Others became comatose and died. And still others afflicted with the disease slipped into a sleepy, almost comatose state that they never recovered from. They presented with paralysis of the eye muscles, double vision, and sometimes lost control of their facial muscles, rendering them expressionless. But no two cases were the same, and doctors never figured out what caused the disease or any good treatment options.

The epidemic hit its peak in the 1920s and left up to half a million people dead. But a number of patients survived in the sleepy state for decades. Then thirty years later in the 1950s, researchers made a breakthrough into the body’s production of the chemical dopamine—sometimes known as the happiness chemical. Dopamine treatment was thought to be a miracle cure for Parkinson’s disease, and an unconventional and empathetic neurologist named Oliver Sacks wondered if it could also help the forgotten encephalitis lethargica patients, bringing them back into the world after decades in their sleepy states.

You may have heard of Oliver Sacks before, but let me tell you, this dude was cool. He rode motorcycles with the Hells Angels and was a competitive weightlifter who at one point squatted 600 pounds! But more than anything, he was a misfit in the medical community – and it was his approach as a clinician that set him apart.

#oliversacks #encephalitislethargica #awakenings #neurology #dopamine #human #physiology #seeker #humanseries

Read More:
Oliver Sacks
https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(15)00211-1/fulltext
“In the late 1960s, Sacks met a group of patients at Beth Abraham Hospital in New York’s Bronx who had contracted sleeping sickness just after World War 1. He treated them with the experimental drug L-DOPA and watched as they “awakened” from a frozen state that had lasted decades. His book Awakenings described the events and was later adapted into a play and a film.”

100 Years Later: The Lessons Of Encephalitis Lethargica
https://www.discovermagazine.com/health/100-years-later-the-lessons-of-encephalitis-lethargica
“In 1917, at the height of the Great War, a new and mysterious disease emerged into the world, before vanishing a few years later. Although it was to prove less destructive than the 1918 influenza pandemic which occurred at around the same time, the new outbreak had a persistent legacy: some of the victims of the disease remained disabled decades later.”

The fading trail of the sleepy wraith
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7121633/
“Encephalitis lethargica was an enigma throughout its one and only epidemic. All those who have concerned themselves with this disease have been impressed, above all, by its strangeness — no fiction author would have had the temerity to invent a disorder of such incredible clinical diversity and puzzling behavior — and then the mystery was deepened, and its solution perhaps rendered inaccessible, by its unexpected disappearance.”

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How long should your naps be? – Sara C. Mednick

Download a free audiobook version of “Take a Nap: Change Your Life” by Sara Mednick or Matthew Walker’s “Why We Sleep” and support TED-Ed’s nonprofit mission: https://www.audible.com/ted-ed

Your eyes get heavy and gradually close… But wait! It’s only lunch time and you still have so much to do. Would taking a nap help? Or would it derail your day? Well, that depends on a few things— especially what stages of sleep the nap includes. Sara C. Mednick details the cognitive benefits of napping, and explores the optimal length and time of day for a quick snooze.

Lesson by Sara C. Mednick, directed by Qian Shi.

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WEED EATER vs WEED EATER in SLOW MOTION – Smarter Every Day 255

Weed Eater Wars: 8 Types of Weedeater Line square off in a single elimination battle.
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Sometimes you just want to goof around in the garage with friends…. and you happen to end up learning something interesting!
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Battle 1 Star vs Crossfire: https://youtu.be/ofVmhIFaItg
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Battle 4 Sharp Sharp Square Vs Grey Blobby Thing: https://youtu.be/6Ir4fEsZ5IM
Battle 5 Razor Core vs Echo Crossfire: https://youtu.be/9nqTK30FL0c
Battle 6 Sharp Square vs Grey Round: https://youtu.be/wUgQlcK4_FM
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ALL BATTLES in Slow Motion: https://youtu.be/1UmDYUf872o
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Aquatic Animals That Live in Trees

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Fish in a tree? How can that be? For some aquatic creatures, it’s not necessarily bad to be a fish out of water.

Hosted by: Rose Bear Don’t Walk

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https://academic.oup.com/jcb/article/37/2/157/3097389
https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sameer-Pati/publication/324866132_The_freshwater_crabs_of_Kerala_Decapoda_Brachyura_of_Kerala_India/links/5ae885f9a6fdcc03cd8efcd6/The-freshwater-crabs-of-Kerala-Decapoda-Brachyura-of-Kerala-India.pdf
https://www.fs.usda.gov/treesearch/pubs/25045

Wandering Salamanders Choose Direct Route to Good Food


https://digitalcommons.humboldt.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?referer=https://scholar.google.com/&httpsredir=1&article=1041&context=etd
http://humboldt-dspace.calstate.edu/handle/10211.3/147539
https://jeb.biologists.org/content/217/22/3988
https://jeb.biologists.org/content/jexbio/217/22/3988.full.pdf
https://jeb.biologists.org/content/jexbio/210/7/1109.full.pdf
https://vtechworks.lib.vt.edu/bitstream/handle/10919/49125/524960.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y
https://academic.oup.com/icb/article/52/6/792/599377
https://www.registrelep-sararegistry.gc.ca/virtual_sara/files/cosewic/sr_Wandering%20Salamander_2014_e.pdf
http://savetheredwoods.org.s14947.gridserver.com/media/pdf_camann.pdf
http://scienceline.ucsb.edu/getkey.php?key=4461
https://acsess.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.2136/sssaj2009.0031

The Rising of “Nerd” Culture | Toby Maggert | TEDxWesternIowaTech

Mr. Taggert seeks to inform us about the finer details of the intersection of pop culture and nerd culture in society. High school math and computer science teacher as well as a self-defined “nerd” This talk was given at a TEDx event using the TED conference format but independently organized by a local community. Learn more at https://www.ted.com/tedx