Can we create the “perfect” farm? – Brent Loken

Explore the innovative ways countries are revolutionizing farming to ensure we can feed humanity in a way that works with the environment.

About 10,000 years ago, humans began to farm. This agricultural revolution was a turning point in our history and enabled the existence of civilization. Today, nearly 40% of our planet is farmland. Spread all over the world, these lands are the pieces to a global puzzle we’re all facing: in the future, how can we feed every member of a growing population a healthy diet? Brent Loken investigates.

Lesson by Brent Loken, directed by Hype CG.

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Post-Greed Politics | RSA Events

Humans are hard-wired for community, but our political and economic systems have encouraged and rewarded extreme individualism for far too long. How can we rethink how we do things to put collective purpose back at the centre?

Modern economics has for many years been driven by a belief which is no longer tenable: that ‘greed is good’. This mode of thinking has contributed to environmental destruction and vast inequality, and caused us to lose sight of an important truth about ourselves and each other: that we are cooperative, communal beings.

Economics professors Paul Collier and John Kay, joining us in conversation with Bloomberg’s Head of Economics Stephanie Flanders, tell us we have reached a point of ‘peak greed’, where our politics have become centred around the idea of the self. How can we maintain the conviction and self-belief we need to address our most urgent challenges, whilst healing divisions and acting as part of something bigger than ourselves? Putting mutuality and common purpose back at the heart of our societies, they tell us, will mean strengthening our ‘politics of place’, and returning power to communities.

#RSAindividualism

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How cities are detoxing transportation | Monica Araya

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People around the world are demanding clean air — and cities are starting to respond, says electrification advocate Monica Araya. She takes us on a world tour of urban areas that are working to fully electrify their transportation systems over the next decade, shifting to emission-free motorcycles, cars, buses, ferries and beyond. See what a future without the internal combustion engine could look like — and what it will take to get there.

This talk was part of the Countdown Global Launch on 10.10.2020. (Watch the full stream here: https://youtu.be/5dVcn8NjbwY.) Countdown is TED’s global initiative to accelerate solutions to the climate crisis. The goal: to build a better future by cutting greenhouse gas emissions in half by 2030, in the race to a zero-carbon world. Get involved at https://countdown.ted.com/sign-up

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Let’s Have a Conversation… | Phillip Attmore | TEDxWinchester

Let’s have a conversation is a short film created especially for TEDxWinchester showing the connection and communication between people using sound and movement. Phillip Attmore is an artist, actor, composer, choreographer, catalyst and visionary who has been dancing, singing, and acting since the age of three. Phillip currently lives in New York, Having worked in multiple Broadway shows, film, television and commercials, he has shared the stage and screen with the likes of Hugh Jackman, Patti LaBelle, Gladys Knight, and many more.

Mr. Attmore is a three-time Astaire Award winner, amongst a host of other accolades and has been recognised as one of America’s top 20 dancers

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The Theme Park Inside An Old Nuclear Power Plant

Wunderland Kalkar, near the German-Dutch border, is a family amusement park… inside a nuclear power plant that was never turned on.

Thanks to all the team at the park! Their web site is at https://www.wunderlandkalkar.eu/en

The video from Zwentendorf: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WUVZbBBHrI4

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The Most Deadly Job in America — And What Happens Next

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The biggest radioactive spill in US history

How the US poisoned Navajo Nation.

As World War Two was ending, the growing nuclear arms race put the US in need of uranium. It turned to Navajo Nation, where the uranium mining industry thrived for four decades — but left disease, pollution and the biggest radioactive spill in US history.

That spill in Church Rock, New Mexico upended the lives of nearby residents, who had to grapple with toxic water, livestock and a lifetime of illnesses. Now, they are still waiting for it to be cleaned up.

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Learn more about the Church Rock spill and the impacts of uranium mining at the Southwest Research and Information Center: http://www.sric.org/uranium/rirf.php

Read the book by Doug Brugge, Timothy Benally, and Esther Yazzie-Lewis, The Navajo People and Uranium Mining: https://unmpress.com/books/navajo-people-and-uranium-mining/9780826337795

Read the book Yellow Dirt, by Judy Pasternak, on uranium mining in Navajo Nation: https://www.simonandschuster.com/books/Yellow-Dirt/Judy-Pasternak/9781416594833

Check out the documentary “The Return of Navajo Boy,” which looks at the uranium industry in Navajo Nation: http://navajoboy.com/watch/

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Your Gut Processes Emotion and Regulates Health While You Sleep | Dr. Emeran Mayer

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There is so much more going on in your sleep than you think.

———————————————————————————-

EMERAN MAYER

Dr Emeran Mayer is a world-renowned gastroenterologist and neuroscientist with 35 years of experience in the study of clinical and neurobiological aspects of how the digestive system and the nervous system interact in health and disease. His current research focus is on the role of the gut microbiota brain interactions in emotion regulation, chronic visceral pain, and in obesity. His research has been continuously supported by the National Institutes of Health.

Dr Mayer is a professor in the Departments of Medicine, Physiology and Psychiatry at the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, executive director of the G Oppenheimer Center for Neurobiology of Stress and Resilience, and co-director of the CURE: Digestive Diseases Research Center at UCLA.

 

 

 

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TRANSCRIPT:

Emeran Mayer:  So when we sleep and we have an empty stomach then the activity, the contractile activity of our gut changes to a very unique pattern. It’s a 90-minute cycle, very powerful waves of contractions migrate from the esophagus all the way down to the end of our large intestine. And they move very slowly. So this has been referred to as the intestinal housekeeper that sort of cleans the gut from any residue that’s present. And the rhythm for that is generated by the brain so it’s dependent on the input of the vagus nerve on the second brain in the gut. And this has been something that also should occur when during daytime when in between meals when our stomach and intestinal system is empty.

However with the sort of modern habit of snacking in between meals so a lot of people don’t have that during the day but have it during sleep. If you add the microbes into this now it’s quite likely, not really proven. I mean the microbes obey some kind of a Circadian rhythm by themselves so they’re different during sleep and during daytime. But it’s quite possible to assume that this powerful wave that sort of cleans everything out will also affect the microbes, the composition of the microbes because if we don’t have it – so people that don’t have that for some reason they will develop abnormal colonization, for example, of their small bowel with a lot of microbes that don’t really belong there. So clearly an important role in regulating the populations and the regional distribution of these microbes in our gut. What happens during sleep, so during REM sleep when we have a lot of activity going on within the autonomic nervous system circuits within the brain and the signals are being sent to the gut. So our body is inhibited but not our intestinal activity.

So in many ways emotions that we experience usually in our dreams have their mirror image in terms of gut activity – contractions, secretions. And again I mean like everything that goes on within our brain emotionally always is reflected just like our facial expression reflects our emotions, everything reflects our emotional state either during waking time or sleep time at the gut level. And the microbes who live in that environment are affected by it. So it’s an area that’s not studied in great detail but very important for an understanding of how the microbes, the gut and the brain interact and maintain health. So sleep is a very important ingredient for health regulation of the immune system but for the also regulation of gut function and particularly gut microbial integrity and wellbeing.

We know quite a bit about what happens during sleep and during dreaming. In psychoanalysis this is a big window into our emotional lives so Jungian or Freudian psychoanalysts have spent a lot of time interpreting dreams and getting an access to this process. A big portion is probably the processing and consolidation of memories that have been experienced during the day. Many of these memories have a gut feeling component because every time we have an emotion during the day there’s always a counterpart at the gut level that is then through these sensory pathways goes back to the brain. We may not experience it during the daytime but it’s encoded in this vast database within the brain. So what happens then during sleep there is this retrieval and then processing and consolidation of these memories including all the gut feelings that are associated with those experiences that we had during the day.

I think it’s a …

For the full transcript, check out https://bigthink.com/videos/emeran-mayer-on-sleep-and-the-mind-gut-connection

5 Ancient Structures with Amazing Acoustics

Many ancient sites had some truly amazing effects on sound waves, suggesting that early cultures may have built spaces to evoke certain sensation. And by studying the acoustics of these structures, we can learn new things about the experiences people had there, hundreds or even thousands of years in the past.

Hosted by: Hank Green

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Sources:
https://asa.scitation.org/doi/pdf/10.1121/1.2709842
https://www.nature.com/news/2007/070319/full/070319-16.html
http://www.ancientacoustics2011.upatras.gr/Files/Vassilantonopoulos%20et%20al._Epidauros%20Measurements.pdf
https://asa.scitation.org/doi/pdf/10.1121/1.1764833
https://www.nature.com/news/2004/041213/full/041213-5.html
https://spot.colorado.edu/~pricej/downloads/AcousticWaveguides.pdf
http://nautil.us/issue/6/secret-codes/the-code-of-the-conch
https://acousticstoday.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/12/Archaeoacoustics-Re-Sounding-Material-Culture-Miriam-A.-Kolar.pdf
http://www.gedlee.com/downloads/AT/Chapter_6.pdf
https://www.physics.utoronto.ca/~phy326/lpp/AcousticDispersion.pdf
http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/18765/1/Fazenda_and_Drumm_Recreating_the_Sound_of_Stonehenge_Acoustics_of_Ancient_Theatres.pdf
https://www.salford.ac.uk/research/sirc/research-groups/acoustics/architecture-and-building-acoustics/acoustics-of-stonehenge#:~:text=The%20acoustic%20response%20of%20the,typical%20of%20an%20outdoor%20space.
https://community.sw.siemens.com/s/article/sound-fields-free-versus-diffuse-field-near-versus-far-field
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/282480957_Archaeoacoustic_Analysis_of_the_Hal_Saflieni_Hypogeum_in_Malta
https://www.smithsonianmag.com/travel/maltas-hypogeum-one-worlds-best-preserved-prehistoric-sites-reopens-public-180963397/
https://timesofmalta.com/articles/view/international-team-of-scientists-to-study-hypogeum-acoustics.503522
http://www.sbresearchgroup.eu/Immagini/Systems_of_acoustic_resonance_in_the_ancient_sites_and_related_brain_activity.pdf
https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fnhum.2014.00086/full
https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/508c/1b20518e7b02c12f56717e12a3983e032625.pdf
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.2752/175169608783489099
http://przyrbwn.icm.edu.pl/APP/PDF/119/a119z6Ap29.pdf

Images:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Samuel_Hill_Stonehenge.jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Maryhill_Stonehenge_02.jpg
https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Datei:31_of_%27(Our_own_country._Descriptive,_historical,_pictorial.)%27_(11182140263).jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Pututu_de_caracola.jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Chasqui3.JPG
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Chavin_de_Huantar_Ingreso_a_Galeria_06122009.jpg
45438-Malta
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Model_of_the_%C4%A6al-Saflieni_Hypogeum.jpg
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Hypog%C3%A9e_Hal_Saflieni.jpg

The 12,021 Human Era Calendar

Get your Human Era Calendar for the year 12,021 here: https://kgs.link/12021

For the fifth time, we present to you the Human Era Calendar for the year 12,021 – this time it is all about the journey of humanity, beginning tens of thousands of years ago, leading into the revolution of agriculture, to ancient high civilizations and the beginning of modern times, culminating in a vision for our future. You can get the limited Edition now until we sell out and then never again. As always the calendar features 12 illustrated pages printed on high quality paper in Europe and the US. And this year the cover is especially shiny. The calendar will look great on your wall and let you dream about a glorious future. We truly have come far as a species!

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Colouring Knots – Numberphile

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Square In A 3-4-5 Triangle Puzzle

What is the area of the square? Thanks to Papa in India for the suggestion!

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“What a Wonderful World” | Cynthia Erivo and Gary Motley

Take action on climate change at http://countdown.ted.com.

In a moment of musical beauty that calls for reflection, actor and performer Cynthia Erivo sings a moving rendition of Louis Armstrong’s “What a Wonderful World,” accompanied by pianist Gary Motley. With her words and voice, Erivo urges us all to do better for the Earth and the generations to come.

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These Slugs See with Their Brains

If you’re a person with sight, your two eyes are your only window into the visual world. But slugs sees not only with their eyes, but also with thier brains.

Hosted by: Stefan Chin

SciShow has a spinoff podcast! It’s called SciShow Tangents. Check it out at http://www.scishowtangents.org
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———-
Sources:
https://academic.oup.com/icb/article/56/5/758/2420636
https://jeb.biologists.org/content/222/14/jeb208595
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s001140050732
https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/neuroscience/opsin
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF00618180
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1095643310000401
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/0300962977900196
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1744-7410.2003.tb00081.x
https://www.pnas.org/content/113/21/6053.short
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S096098221200944X
https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/pdf/10.1098/rstb.2009.0050
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4139915/
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1463-6395.2008.00369.x
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3712437/
https://www.karger.com/Article/Abstract/314278
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2781858/

Image Sources:
https://www.storyblocks.com/video/stock/portrait-of-real-asian-people-with-emotions-and-feelings-looking-at-camera-serious-adult-man-from-cambodia-asia-closeup-of-face-xex4lfx
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/slug-gm1141638938-305924596
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/slug-gm1210246248-350526865
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/nighttime-sky-with-clouds-and-bright-full-moon-with-shiny-gm626623246-110749839
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/spanish-slug-gm153816411-17874414
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/lens-flare-space-light-sun-light-abstract-black-background-gm1200461833-343865253

His Holiness Pope Francis | Our moral imperative to act on climate change — and 3 steps we can take

(Turn on subtitles, available in 9 languages, using the CC button in the bottom right of your screen.)

Take action on climate change at http://countdown.ted.com.

The global climate crisis will require us to transform the way we act, says His Holiness Pope Francis. Delivering a visionary TED Talk from Vatican City, the spiritual leader proposes three courses of action to address the world’s growing environmental problems and economic inequalities, illustrating how all of us can work together, across faiths and societies, to protect the Earth and promote the dignity of everyone. “The future is built today,” he says. “And it is not built in isolation, but rather in community and in harmony.”

This talk was part of the Countdown Global Launch on 10.10.2020. (Watch the full stream here: https://youtu.be/5dVcn8NjbwY.) Countdown is TED’s global initiative to accelerate solutions to the climate crisis. The goal: to build a better future by cutting greenhouse gas emissions in half by 2030, in the race to a zero-carbon world. Get involved at https://countdown.ted.com/sign-up

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TED’s videos may be used for non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons License, Attribution–Non Commercial–No Derivatives (or the CC BY – NC – ND 4.0 International) and in accordance with our TED Talks Usage Policy (https://www.ted.com/about/our-organization/our-policies-terms/ted-talks-usage-policy). For more information on using TED for commercial purposes (e.g. employee learning, in a film or online course), please submit a Media Request at https://media-requests.ted.com

Prince William | This decade calls for Earthshots to repair our planet

Take action on climate change at http://countdown.ted.com.

“We start this new decade knowing that it is the most consequential period in history,” says Prince William, The Duke of Cambridge. Inspired by President John F. Kennedy’s “Moonshot,” he calls on everyone to rise to our greatest challenge ever: the “Earthshot.” A set of ambitious objectives for the planet, the Earthshot goals seek to protect and restore nature, clean the air, revive oceans, build a waste-free world and fix the climate — all in the next decade. To do it, we’ll need people in all corners of the globe working together with urgency, creativity and the belief that it is possible to repair the Earth.

This talk was part of the Countdown Global Launch on 10.10.2020. (Watch the full stream here: https://youtu.be/5dVcn8NjbwY.) Countdown is TED’s global initiative to accelerate solutions to the climate crisis. The goal: to build a better future by cutting greenhouse gas emissions in half by 2030, in the race to a zero-carbon world. Get involved at https://countdown.ted.com/sign-up

Follow Countdown on Twitter: http://twitter.com/tedcountdown
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Subscribe to our channel: http://youtube.com/TED

TED’s videos may be used for non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons License, Attribution–Non Commercial–No Derivatives (or the CC BY – NC – ND 4.0 International) and in accordance with our TED Talks Usage Policy (https://www.ted.com/about/our-organization/our-policies-terms/ted-talks-usage-policy). For more information on using TED for commercial purposes (e.g. employee learning, in a film or online course), please submit a Media Request at https://media-requests.ted.com

Sam Harris: Can Psychedelics Help You Expand Your Mind? | Big Think

Can Psychedelics Help You Expand Your Mind?
Watch the newest video from Big Think: https://bigth.ink/NewVideo
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———————————————————————————-
Sam Harris discusses the virtues of psychedelics such as LSD and MDMA. While he does not condone the use of these drugs without caveat, he does acknowledge their profound consciousness-altering properties.
———————————————————————————-
SAM HARRIS:

Sam Harris is the author of the New York Times bestsellers, The End of Faith and Letter to a Christian Nation. The End of Faith won the 2005 PEN Award for Nonfiction.

Mr. Harris’ writing has been published in over ten languages. He and his work have been discussed in Newsweek, TIME, The New York Times, Scientific American, Rolling Stone, and many other journals. His writing has appeared in Newsweek, The Los Angeles Times, The Times (London), The Boston Globe, The Atlantic, Nature, The Annals of Neurology, and elsewhere.

Mr. Harris is a graduate in philosophy from Stanford University and holds a PhD in neuroscience from UCLA, where he studied the neural basis of belief with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). He is also a Co-Founder and CEO of Project Reason.
———————————————————————————-
TRANSCRIPT:

Sam Harris: Well many people ask me about the virtues of psychedelics because I’ve written about this on my blog and in my book Waking Up. And they were at a point early in my inquiry they were indispensable and this is an experience that’s shared by many Westerners. It’s hard to really recommend psychedelics without serious caveats because some of them I think are probably neurotoxic. Some are really well tolerated but still you can have very scary destabilizing experiences on them. So you just can’t without a caveat recommend that people drop acid or take MDMA. So it’s – everything I say on the subject should be understood in that context. But for some people taking a drug is the only way they’re going to notice that it’s possible to have a very different experience of the world. They’re sufficiently lumpen and uninquisitive about the nature of their own minds that if you tell them to meditate, if you teach them mindfulness, if you tell them how to follow their breath they will look inside for 30 seconds or 30 minutes and see nothing of interest and walk away feeling that there’s no there there. Either it doesn’t work for them or that everyone else must be just faking it or there’s – it requires a certain talent and a certain degree of luck, therefore, to have enough concentration to connect with any “spiritual practice” the first time or even the tenth time or even after a year of attempting it because it’s just – these practices are difficult and the conditioning of our minds to just ceaselessly talk is deep.

So, as Terence McKenna once said, “Psychedelics are the only method that truly guarantee an effect.” And this effect can be, again, very painful. You’re not necessarily going to have a good experience but there’s no question that if someone gives you 100 micrograms of acid something is going to happen. Two hours later the significance of your existence will have just been borne down on you like an avalanche. And again this can be terrifying or it can be absolutely sublime depending on various causes and conditions. But the one thing it cannot be is boring. And that is you can’t say that about yoga or meditation or just going into solitude or anything else that – any other, you know, non-pharmacological means of inquiry. So, where drugs have been indispensable for many people is in advertising the possibility of a change in consciousness. And so I don’t think they’re durable methods for people that – I don’t think you need or should just keep taking drugs month after month, year after year, as a mode of spiritual inquiry. But there’s certainly a period in many people’s lives at the beginning where you wouldn’t even see a glimmer of reason to suspect that a radical change in the nature of your experience would be possible.

My first experience with psychedelics that was important, that actually shifted my view of human possibility was with MDMA which I took before it became a club drug. I think this was in 1987 I took it. And no one I knew, no one of my generation had taken it. And although the drug obviously goes back many decades before that. And it had not been adopted by popular culture as a party drug. So this was coming pretty much coming out of the therapeutic community. People were doing in a closeted way psychotherapy with it. And I took it as a means of discovering something about the nature of my mind. It was not…

Read the full transcript at https://bigthink.com/videos/sam-harris-on-the-virtues-of-psychedelics-and-mdma

LIVE NOW: Watch the Countdown Global Launch, a call to action on climate, at 11am ET

Watch the livestream here: https://youtu.be/5dVcn8NjbwY
Live on YouTube Saturday, 10.10.2020 from 11am – 5pm ET. Join us for the Countdown Global Launch, a call to action on climate change and the first-ever free TED conference!

Get ready for an inspiring day exploring the bold steps we all can take to change climate change. The Countdown Global Launch features more than 50 speakers, activists, actors and musicians in five curated sessions of actionable and science-backed ideas, paired with moments of wonder, inspiration and optimism.

This one-of-a-kind event includes hosts Jane Fonda, Priyanka Chopra Jonas, Chris Hemsworth, Mark Ruffalo, Don Cheadle, Al Gore, Xiye Bastida, Prajakta Koli, Hannah Stocking and Jaden Smith; speakers Prince William, His Holiness Pope Francis, Monica Araya, Jesper Brodin, Dave Clark, Christiana Figueres, Kara Hurst, Lisa Jackson, Rose M. Mutiso, Johan Rockström, Nigel Topping, Ursula von der Leyen and many more; with special musical performances by Prince Royce, Yemi Alade, Raye Zaragoza, Sigrid and Cynthia Erivo.

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#JoinTheCountdown

We Might Finally Be Able to Treat the “Stomach Flu” (#inmice)

The treatment for viral gastroenteritis has been stay near a toilet and drink lots of fluids. But new research into cytokines has the potential to change that.

Hosted by: Hank Green

COVID-19 News and Updates: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLsNB4peY6C6IQediwz2GzMTNvm_dMzr47

SciShow has a spinoff podcast! It’s called SciShow Tangents. Check it out at http://www.scishowtangents.org
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Support SciShow by becoming a patron on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/scishow
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Huge thanks go to the following Patreon supporters for helping us keep SciShow free for everyone forever:

Bd_Tmprd, Harrison Mills, Jeffrey Mckishen, James Knight, Christoph Schwanke, Jacob, Matt Curls, Sam Buck, Christopher R Boucher, Eric Jensen, Lehel Kovacs, Adam Brainard, Greg, Ash, Sam Lutfi, Piya Shedden, KatieMarie Magnone, Scott Satovsky Jr, Charles Southerland, charles george, Alex Hackman, Chris Peters, Kevin Bealer
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Sources:
https://doi.org/10.1126/sciimmunol.abd2876
https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2020-10/gsu-bsr092820.php

Rotavirus
https://doi.org/10.1093/cid/civ1013
https://doi.org/10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.1960
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/15367586/
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/20165617/
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/20165617/
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/16494759/
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31447474/
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-7091-6553-9_14
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cyto.2017.04.013
https://doi.org/10.1038/emm.2017.172

Norovirus
https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0151219
https://stacks.cdc.gov/view/cdc/60800
https://doi.org/10.3389/fimmu.2020.01383
https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-020-16491-3

Image Sources:
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/woman-hold-hand-and-vomiting-in-toilet-sick-concept-gm1097406146-294692567
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/sick-child-with-high-fever-gm612379848-105461115
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/ouch-my-tummy-gm1189299527-336697456
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Norovirus_virions_white_background_NIH_21348.jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Rotavirus_Reconstruction.jpg
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/scientist-looking-to-rat-and-talking-together-scientist-researching-at-lab-gm1010555680-272357437
https://www.istockphoto.com/vector/different-types-of-epithelial-tissue-collection-gm1137726071-303493056
https://www.istockphoto.com/vector/vector-set-of-common-viruses-microbiology-models-of-pathogens-vector-illustration-gm1220930846-357694753
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/a-guy-with-curly-hair-clings-to-his-stomach-discomfort-of-a-health-problem-gm1239597119-362562801

Why Hardwoods Are The Softest Woods

Use the promo code “minuteearth” at https://curiositystream.com/minuteearth for 26% off an annual subscription to CuriosityStream, plus access to Nebula!

Not all hardwood trees have hard wood and softwoods soft wood, because these terms denote their taxonomic ancestry, not the wood’s actual hardness.

LEARN MORE
**************
To learn more about this topic, start your googling with these keywords:
Angiosperm: a plant that has flowers and produces seeds enclosed within a carpel.
Gymnosperm: a plant that has seeds unprotected by an ovary or fruit.

SUPPORT MINUTEEARTH
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If you like what we do, you can help us!:
– Become our patron: https://patreon.com/MinuteEarth
– Share this video with your friends and family
– Leave us a comment (we read them!)

CREDITS
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Julián Gustavo Gómez | Script Writer, Narrator and Director
Josh Taira | Illustration, Video Editing and Animation
Ever Salazar | Audio Editing
Nathaniel Schroeder | Music

MinuteEarth is produced by Neptune Studios LLC
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OUR STAFF
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Website | https://minuteearth.com
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REFERENCES
**************
Ansell, M. P. “Wood microstructure–A cellular composite.” Wood Composites. Woodhead Publishing, 2015. 3-26. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-1-78242-454-3.00001-9

Bjurhager, Ingela. Effects of Cell Wall Structure on Tensile Properties of Hardwood: Effect of down-regulation of lignin on mechanical performance of transgenic hybrid aspen. Diss. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2011. https://www.diva-portal.org/smash/get/diva2:409533/FULLTEXT02.pdf

Botes, Christo, Steven D. Johnson, and Richard M. Cowling. “The birds and the bees: using selective exclusion to identify effective pollinators of African tree aloes.” International Journal of Plant Sciences 170.2 (2009): 151-156.

Butterfield B.G. (1993) The structure of wood: an overview. In: Primary Wood Processing. Springer, Dordrecht. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-015-8110-3_1

Chilson-Parks, Laura. “Wood in the Middle Ages.” Perspectives (2015). https://risdmuseum.org/art-design/projects-publications/articles/wood-middle-ages

Cywa, K. Trees and shrubs used in medieval Poland for making everyday objects. Veget Hist Archaeobot 27, 111–136 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00334-017-0644-9

Laboratory, Forest Products. Wood Handbook: Wood As an Engineering Material. United States, CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform, 2013.

Meier, Eric. “Hardwood Anatomy.” The Wood Database, https://www.wood-database.com/wood-articles/hardwood-anatomy/.

Minea, Vasile. Industrial Heat Pump-Assisted Wood Drying. United States, CRC Press, 2018.

Plomion, Christophe, Grégoire Leprovost, and Alexia Stokes. “Wood formation in trees.” Plant physiology 127.4 (2001): 1513-1523.

Ramage, Michael H., et al. “The wood from the trees: The use of timber in construction.” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 68 (2017): 333-359.

Simm, Jonathan, and Crossman, Matt. Manual on the Use of Timber in Coastal and River Engineering. United Kingdom, Thomas Telford, 2004.

Wei-Dan Ding , Ahmed Koubaa , et al. (2008)
Relationship between wood porosity, wood density and methyl methacrylate impregnation rate, Wood Material Science &
Engineering, 3:1-2, 62-70, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17480270802607947

Wiedenhoeft, Alex. “Structure and function of wood.” Wood handbook: wood as an engineering material: chapter 3. Centennial ed. General technical report FPL; GTR-190. Madison, WI: US Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory, 2010: p. 3.1-3.18. 190 (2010): 3-1. https://www.fpl.fs.fed.us/documnts/fplgtr/fplgtr190/chapter_03.pdf

WOOD Magazine Staff. “What Is the World’s Hardest Wood?” WOOD Magazine, WOOD Magazine, 17 Jan. 2019, https://www.woodmagazine.com/wood-supplies/wood-species/what-is-the-worlds-hardest-wood.

Why Gravity is NOT a Force

The General Theory of Relativity tells us gravity is not a force, gravitational fields don’t exist. Objects tend to move on straight paths through curved spacetime. Thanks to Caséta by Lutron for sponsoring this video. Find out more at: https://www.lutron.com/veritasium

Huge thanks to Prof. Geraint Lewis for hours of consulting on this video so I could get these ideas straight in my own brain. Check out his YouTube channel: https://ve42.co/gfl or his books: https://ve42.co/GFLbooks

Amazing VFX, compositing, and editing by Jonny Hyman
2D animations by Ivàn Tello
Filmed by Steven Warren and Raquel Nuno
Special thanks to Petr Lebedev for reviews and script consultation
Music by Jonny Hyman and from Epidemic Sound https://epidemicsound.com

Rocket made by Goodnight and Co.
Screen images in rocket by Geoff Barrett

Slow motion rocket exhaust footage from Joe Barnard at BPS.Space
https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCILl8ozWuxnFYXIe2svjHhg

Bluusiga alaväärsuse vastu | Kaisa Ling | TEDxTallinn

Kaisa video valmis õhtul enne TEDxTallinnat ühes peaaegu inimtühjas Tallinna raudteejaamas.
Alaväärsuskompleks – selle jõud on hävitav. Püüad iga hinna eest teistele meeldida, saada neist paremaks, aga sattud järjest suurematesse probleemidesse. “Olin liiga noor ja liiga naine,” ütleb Kaisa Aapo Ilvese sõnadega. Ja siis leidis Kaisa enda jaoks bluusi. Kui kõigil oleks oma bluus, kas nad teaksid siis oma väärtust?
Bluusimutt, nagu ta ise end kutsub, on tegelikkuses ka muusik, kirjanduskriitik ja kultuuriajakirjanik. Kaisa hindab mustanahaliste bluusinaiste kogemust ja elutarkust, tänu millele saab ta täna olla täpselt selline nagu ise tahab. This talk was given at a TEDx event using the TED conference format but independently organized by a local community. Learn more at https://www.ted.com/tedx

El violador eres tú | Jéssica Fillol | TEDxVitoriaGasteiz

Jéssica Fillol nos da pistas sobre quién comete la mayor parte de los delitos de violación y no son precisamente encapuchados en callejones oscuros.
Especialista en marketing online, estudiante de ciencias sociales, activista en los ratos libres y curiosa a tiempo completo. Mete la pata con frecuencia y no le duele cambiar de opinión: es de esas personas que cree que un experto es aquel que ha cometido todos los errores posibles en un determinado campo. “Demasiado feminista” según algunos, “demasiado radical” según otros. Se dedicó al marketing para comerse el mundo, estudió ciencias sociales para entenderlo, y hace activismo para cambiarlo. This talk was given at a TEDx event using the TED conference format but independently organized by a local community. Learn more at https://www.ted.com/tedx

Bettering the Creative Industries of Tomorrow | Will Kennard | TEDxWarwick

After forming Chase and Status, Will decided to focus solely on their music. In that time Will taught music technology at North Trafford College for two years part time, and he remarks that the talent of the students from underprivileged backgrounds at that college was his inspiration to found the East London Arts and Music School (ELAM) in 2014.

The school is in Tower Hamlets, one of the poorest areas in East London, and the aim of the school is to develop the musical talent in the area for 16-19 year old students from socially disadvantaged backgrounds.

Will talks about educational inequalities, social mobility and the role that creativity plays in shaping the lives of young people, with the belief that music is a central way to educate the next generation. Will ‘Status’ Kennard is one half of the infamous music duo, Chase and Status, that is responsible for propelling the drum and bass genre into mass popularity with chart-topping hits such as ‘Blind Faith’ and ‘End Credits’. This talk was given at a TEDx event using the TED conference format but independently organized by a local community. Learn more at https://www.ted.com/tedx

Rebirth | 子丰 戢 | TEDxYongqingSt

All presuppositions are unimportant because we want to open a window. Let the sunshine pour into the endless suffering of our life. Only in this way can we separate the moment from the long life pattern,
Separate the moment of anger, the moment of love, the moment of identification and betrayal, the moment of desire, or just the moment of silence.
In these moments, we can believe that we are kinder, quieter and more complete than we actually are, and that we can be independent and strong.
It is only because we believe in such a moment that our life is unique and irreplaceable. This is “rebirth”. 毕业于北京电影学院(本科)
美国顶级艺术学院Art Center College of Design(硕士)
全国新概念作文大赛一等奖 中国少年作家杯一等奖
北京电影学院2012年度导演系优秀作品
入围2015年韩国青龙青电影节青年展映单元
曾就职于B站总播放量过亿的狮林影视公司
拍摄数部播放量过百万的影视作品,作品包括
短片《朋友列传》
短片《克伦威尔星》
网络剧《二次元奇妙物语》
网络大电影《古镇疑云》
网络综艺《网络观察室》
手游布武天下广告片《傲皇》
华为荣耀广告片《荣耀大侦探》
网络综艺《故事盖浇饭》
网络剧《熊志凌云》
2019年成立属于自己的杰杰丰影视公司,以创造有趣文化产品为自己的小目标,为大家带来快乐,奉送欢笑和喜悦。 This talk was given at a TEDx event using the TED conference format but independently organized by a local community. Learn more at https://www.ted.com/tedx

Resilience | 泊林Ella 余YU | TEDxYongqingSt

The speech is mainly about the psychological change and acceptance process of her family moving to the United States from junior high school, and after fully integrating into the local environment, she suddenly returned to China to continue high school due to the change of family plan. Has previously studied in the United States for three years and is the founder of her own podcast “Ella Talks,” on “Ximalaya.”
A passionate writer and poet who published proses and poems relating to social justice and more.
An active tennis player on the school’s team and has won recognitions and awards in United States.
Volunteered to help promote Chinese culture at fairs and has taught elementary kids Chinese.
As a classical music lover, Ella also participates in piano competitions, recitals, and talent shows anually.

曾经在美国留学三年,在喜马拉雅上创立自己的英文播客”Ella Talks”。平时热爱写作并在多个线上杂志发表散文,诗等。喜欢打网球,在校曾是活跃的网球队队员,在赛季参与多次校际联赛并获奖项。在美国时,曾领导学校中文社并经常在各个志愿者活动中宣传中国文化和教小学学生中文。从小喜欢音乐,学习钢琴十多年,每年参加钢琴比赛,演出数十场。 This talk was given at a TEDx event using the TED conference format but independently organized by a local community. Learn more at https://www.ted.com/tedx

This Saturday: Watch the Countdown Global Launch, a call to action on climate, at 11am ET

Join us for the Countdown Global Launch, a call to action on climate change and the first-ever free TED conference, live on YouTube this Saturday, 10.10.2020 from 11am – 5pm ET.

Set a reminder and watch the stream here: https://youtu.be/5dVcn8NjbwY

Get ready for an inspiring day exploring the bold steps we all can take to change climate change. The Countdown Global Launch features more than 50 speakers, activists, actors and musicians in five curated sessions of actionable and science-backed ideas, paired with moments of wonder, inspiration and optimism.

This one-of-a-kind event includes hosts Jane Fonda, Priyanka Chopra Jonas, Chris Hemsworth, Mark Ruffalo, Don Cheadle, Al Gore, Xiye Bastida, Prajakta Koli, Hannah Stocking and Jaden Smith; speakers Prince William, His Holiness Pope Francis, Monica Araya, Jesper Brodin, Dave Clark, Christiana Figueres, Kara Hurst, Lisa Jackson, Rose M. Mutiso, Johan Rockström, Nigel Topping, Ursula von der Leyen and many more; with special musical performances by Prince Royce, Yemi Alade, Raye Zaragoza, Sigrid and Cynthia Erivo.

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This New Nuclear Battery Could Power Deep Space Missions for Decades

Powering deep space missions is tricky, to say the least. But a new method called lattice confinement fusion could be the compact, long-lasting energy source we’ve been searching for.
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In April of 2020, NASA researchers announced they had come up with a new approach to fusion that has the potential to power missions into deep space, and maybe even future laptops here on Earth. This is really exciting news as when it comes to making energy, nuclear fusion is the ultimate goal because of the promise it holds of clean limitless energy that is available on demand.

Unlike nuclear fission, where heavy atoms are split to generate energy, fusion is accomplished by smashing lighter elements together so they combine. This new team of researchers are taking a closer look at something called lattice confinement fusion, where they use atoms of a solid piece of metal like erbium or titanium as a lattice and crammed the spaces in between with deuterium gas until the lattice started to break apart. Eventually, the whole thing was so full of deuterium one researcher described it as more like a powder than a lump of metal.

Find out more about the future of nuclear fusion and this new path being explored by a team of scientists partially from NASA’s Glenn Research Center in this Elements.

#nuclearfusion #energy #NASA #cleanenergy #space #seeker #science #elements

Read More:

Spacecraft of the Future Could Be Powered By Lattice Confinement Fusion
https://spectrum.ieee.org/energywise/energy/nuclear/nuclear-fusiontokamak-not-included
“The team believes that their method, called lattice confinement fusion, could be a potential new power source for deep space missions.”

NASA Detects Lattice Confinement Fusion
https://podcasts.apple.com/us/podcast/nasa-detects-lattice-confinement-fusion/id1018727913?i=1000486790119
“Lawrence Forsley is a senior experimental physicist with NASA. He discusses the methods to drive and monitor condensed matter nuclear reactions in industrial, US Navy, and NASA laboratories, with an eye toward a clean, energy-rich future.”

Where do deep space probes get their power?
https://cosmosmagazine.com/technology/where-do-deep-space-probes-get-their-power-from/
“Most of the world’s energy comes from burning fuels – heating materials such as coal, gas, oil – or even wood – to covert water to steam, which powers a turbine to produce electricity. For a spacecraft this isn’t so simple. It would be impossible to carry enough stored fuel to maintain power for any reasonable time over the vast distances of space travel.”

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Seeker empowers the curious to understand the science shaping our world. We tell award-winning stories about the natural forces and groundbreaking innovations that impact our lives, our planet, and our universe.

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What causes panic attacks, and how can you prevent them? – Cindy J. Aaronson

Dig into the science of what triggers panic attacks, how to recognize them, and the available treatments for panic disorder.

Countless poets and writers have tried to put words to the experience of a panic attack— a sensation so overwhelming, many people mistake it for a heart attack, stroke, or other life-threatening crisis. Studies suggest that almost a third of us will experience at least one panic attack in our lives. So what exactly is a panic attack, and can we prevent them? Cindy J. Aaronson investigates.

Lesson by Cindy J. Aaronson, directed by Aim Creative Studios.

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Thank you so much to our patrons for your support! Without you this video would not be possible! Ivan Todorović, Alex Schenkman, Brittiny Elman, Ryohky Araya, Paul Coupe, David Douglass, Ricardo Paredes, Bill Feaver, Eduardo Briceño, Arturo De Leon, Christophe Dessalles, Janie Jackson, Dr Luca Carpinelli, Heather Slater, Yuh Saito, Quentin Le Menez, Mattia Veltri, Fabian Amels, Sandra Tersluisen, PnDAA, Hugo Legorreta, Zhexi Shan, Gustavo Mendoza, Bárbara Nazaré, Josh Engel, Natalia Rico, Andrea Feliz, Eysteinn Guðnason, Bernardo Paulo, Victor E Karhel, Sydney Evans, Latora Slydell, Oyuntsengel Tseyen-Oidov, Noel Situ, Elliot Poulin, emily lam, Juan, Jordan Tang, Kent Logan, Alexandra Panzer, Laura Cameron Keith, Jen, Ellen Spertus, Cailin Ramsey, Markus Goldhacker, Leora Allen, Andras Radnothy, Chris, Arpita Singh and Vijayalakshmi.

Why Scientists Are Using Mice to Make Human Cells

Stem cells are widely believed to hold great promise in medical research because of their ability to transform into all sorts of other cell types, and scientists can grow it in living mice.

Hosted by: Hank Green

SciShow has a spinoff podcast! It’s called SciShow Tangents. Check it out at http://www.scishowtangents.org
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Sources:
https://med.nyu.edu/departments-institutes/population-health/divisions-sections-centers/medical-ethics/sites/default/files/medical-ethics-high-school-bioethics-chimera.pdf
https://www.medicinenet.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=14525
https://www.nature.com/articles/stemcells.2007.12#:~:text=All%20multicellular%20organisms%2C%20from%20plants,to%20several%20different%20cell%20types.
http://www.stemcellresearch.umich.edu/overview/faq.html#section2
https://futurism.com/the-byte/harvard-gene-hacked-stem-cells-living-organism
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0306452216303633
https://link.springer.com/protocol/10.1007/978-1-4939-6685-1_26
https://www.nature.com/articles/nrm.2016.10/

New hybrid embryos are the most thorough mixing of humans and mice yet


https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4026212/
https://cellbiology.med.unsw.edu.au/cellbiology/index.php/Group_4_Project_-_Cell_Culture
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/09/070919115955.htm
https://www.intechopen.com/books/new-insights-into-cell-culture-technology/history-of-cell-culture
https://www.vanderbilt.edu/viibre/CellCultureBasicsEU.pdf
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/20869542/
https://genomebiology.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13059-014-0576-y
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4026212/
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/30595701/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3425093/
https://www.unmc.edu/stemcells/educational-resources/importance.html
https://www.mayoclinic.org/tests-procedures/bone-marrow-transplant/in-depth/stem-cells/art-20048117
https://kids.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/frym.2016.00022
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK536728/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4354121/
https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/3-human-chimeras-that-already-exist/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4712187/
https://advances.sciencemag.org/content/6/20/eaaz0298

New hybrid embryos are the most thorough mixing of humans and mice yet


https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1934590914004068
https://www.nature.com/articles/nature12122
https://www.invivogen.com/torin1
https://www.livescience.com/chimera-human-mouse.html
https://www.hindawi.com/journals/pd/2011/658083/
https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/institute_basic_biomedical_sciences/news_events/articles_and_stories/model_organisms/201010_mouse_model.html
https://med.nyu.edu/departments-institutes/population-health/divisions-sections-centers/medical-ethics/sites/default/files/medical-ethics-high-school-bioethics-chimera.pdf

Image Sources:
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/test-tubes-on-a-white-and-blue-background-gm647365630-117445467
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/small-experimental-white-mice-in-cage-gm1043653700-279358381
https://www.storyblocks.com/video/stock/white-and-grey-rats-in-cage-noul7ehuxijqmo8lv
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/cute-white-pet-rat-portrait-with-black-background-gm1052049312-281241192
https://www.storyblocks.com/video/stock/human-embryonic-stem-cells-molecular-biochemistry-research-technology-rvl2kcaimjdjzyibd

Has the Washington establishment failed the world? | David Rothkopf | TEDxMidAtlantic

Longtime Washington insider David Rothkopf looks back on his forty year career in Washington, D.C., and asks a basic question: did Washington fail to lead? He argues that political expedience may have come at the expense of actually addressing real problems that have continued to fester in both domestic and foreign policy, with devastating societal and economic consequences. He also offers some ideas about what we can do now to improve things, and how we might avoid ending up here again. David Rothkopf is the CEO of The Rothkopf Group, a media and advisory company. Via its DSR Network it is a leading presenter of podcast and other web-based content on politics, foreign policy, national security and technology. Rothkopf is a well-known author whose next book Traitor: The Case Against Donald Trump is due out later this year from St. Martin’s Press.

His prior books include “National Insecurity”, “Power, Inc.”, “Superclass” and “Running the World: The National Security Council and the Architects of American Power.” He is also the author of “The Great Questions of Tomorrow” from Simon & Schuster and TED Books, based on his TED talk which has been seen to date by well over a million viewers.

He was previously editor and CEO of the FP Group, publishers of Foreign Policy Magazine, managing director of Kissinger Associates and served as a senior official in the Commerce Department. He has taught at the schools of international affairs at Columbia University, Johns Hopkins and Georgetown. He is a regular columnist and contributor to major newspapers, websites and broadcast outlets worldwide. This talk was given at a TEDx event using the TED conference format but independently organized by a local community. Learn more at https://www.ted.com/tedx

Bridges to the Future | Highlights

At a time of global crisis, RSA Public Events hosted a series of online conversations with leading public thinkers to help us make sense of this moment; respond to its challenges with compassion and good judgement; and chart a path to a more resilient collective future.

Watch the highlights from the series as our guests explore what this emergency reveals about our economies, our societies, ourselves – and how we might shape new ways of learning, working and caring for each other, and create more secure, sustainable lives and livelihoods for all.

Speakers:

Margaret Heffernan, Chief Executive and author: https://bit.ly/3lqKTh7
Mariana Mazzucato, Professor in the Economics of Innovation and Public Value at UCL: https://bit.ly/312RaYT
Katherine Trebeck, Advocacy and Influencing Lead at the Wellbeing Economy Alliance: https://bit.ly/3dcrOww
Ted Howard, Co-founder and President of The Democracy Collaborative https://bit.ly/2zHssCG
Eric Klinenberg, Professor of Sociology, New York University https://bit.ly/3dauZEF
Nesrine Milk, columnist and author https://bit.ly/3jIQX4e
Nicole Curato, Associate Professor at the Centre for Deliberative Democracy https://bit.ly/36OTOTG
David Olusoga, Historian, Presenter and Professor of Public History at University of Manchester https://bit.ly/30pnmnY
Roman Krznaric, Social Philosopher https://bit.ly/2SFr61i
Clenton Farquharson, MBE and expert in accessibility issues https://bit.ly/2OaiWvG
Matthew Taylor, Chief Executive of the RSA https://bit.ly/3jIQX4e

Watch the full series now: https://bit.ly/34FwBSI

At the RSA, we unite people and ideas to resolve the challenges of our time. Help shape change in a post-covid19 world. Email fellowship@rsa.org.uk or click here to find out more: https://bit.ly/3h44EtN

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Friction – Physics 101/Ap Physics 1 Review with Dianna Cowern

Lesson 6 (Friction) of Dianna’s Intro Physics Class on Physics Girl. Never taken physics before? Want to learn the basics of physics? Need an AP Physics 1 review before the exam? This course is for you!

Exercises in this video:
Problem1: The coefficient of friction between your car’s tires and concrete is 0.7. Your car’s mass is 1000kg. If you slam on your brakes and the tires lock, what is the magnitude of the sliding friction force acting while you slide? What is your acceleration?

Problem 2: You put your cow on a ramp. Moo. Then you tilt the ramp up, slowly. Just when your cow starts to slide, you measure the ramp angle as 34º. What is the coefficient of static friction between the cow and the ramp?

Thank you to atrophysicist Naomi Rowe-Gurney for her awesome shoutout at the end of the video! You can follow her on Twitter @nrowegurney

Credits:
Dianna Cowern – Executive Producer/Host/Writer
Jeff Brock – Lead Writer/Course Designer
Laura Chernikoff – Producer
Victoria C. Page – Video Editor
Sophia Chen – Researcher/Writer
Erika K. Carlson – Researcher/Writer
Hope Butner – Production Assistant
Levi Butner – Videographer
Lauren Ivy – Set Design
Vanessa Hill – Consulting Producer
Aleeza McCant – Illustrator
Rachel Allen – Illustrator
Consultant – Kyle Kitzmiller
Lucy Brock, Samantha Ward – Curriculum Consultants
Cathy Cowern – Transcription

Neuroscience of Learning & Mental Health | Prof. Marios Philiastides | TEDxUniversityofGlasgow

Marios Philiastides is a Full Professor at the Institute of Neuroscience and Psychology at the University of Glasgow. His research group uses multimodal brain imaging to understand the neurobiological principles underlying human decision making and learning in both healthy and clinical populations. Marios Philiastides is a Full Professor at the Institute of Neuroscience and Psychology at the University of Glasgow. His research group uses multimodal brain imaging to understand the neurobiological principles underlying human decision making and learning in both healthy and clinical populations. This talk was given at a TEDx event using the TED conference format but independently organized by a local community. Learn more at https://www.ted.com/tedx

The psychological traits that shape your political beliefs | Dannagal G. Young

Visit http://TED.com to get our entire library of TED Talks, transcripts, translations, personalized talk recommendations and more.

Social psychologist Dannagal G. Young breaks down the link between our psychology and politics, showing how personality types largely fall into people who prioritize openness and flexibility (liberals) and those who prefer order and certainty (conservatives). Hear why both sets of traits are crucial to any society — and how our differences are being dangerously exploited to divide us. What if things weren’t that way?

The TED Talks channel features the best talks and performances from the TED Conference, where the world’s leading thinkers and doers give the talk of their lives in 18 minutes (or less). Look for talks on Technology, Entertainment and Design — plus science, business, global issues, the arts and more. You’re welcome to link to or embed these videos, forward them to others and share these ideas with people you know.

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How US schools punish Black kids | 2020 Election

For the 50 million kids who attend public schools in the US, the 2020 election is personal.

What do you wish the presidential candidates would talk about? http://vox.com/ElectionVideos

When it comes to who gets punished and removed from American classrooms, the US doesn’t treat all students equally. Black students get suspended and expelled far more frequently than their white classmates, and often for the same or similar offenses. And the weeks of school that Black kids miss each year can kick off a chain reaction that changes a child’s future.

But the US education system gives the American president a tremendous amount of power over public schools. Whoever holds the Presidency decides how schools handle things like testing, class size, and discipline.

During the Obama administration, the US Department of Education started to take the country’s school discipline problem seriously. They investigated the schools with significant racial gaps in punishment rates, and issued guidance on how to replace outdated policies with more effective ones.

Then Betsy DeVos, President Trump’s education secretary, abandoned those efforts. Trump’s administration stopped releasing discipline data, changed the standard of what constitutes racist outcomes, and scaled back efforts to fix or even acknowledge racial disparities in how we punish kids. In this video we explain the origins of this crisis, and how the 2020 election could change things.

This video is the fourth in our series on the 2020 election. We aren’t covering the horse race; instead, we want to explain the stakes of the election through the issues that matter the most to you. To do that, we want to know what you think the US presidential candidates should be talking about. Tell us here: http://vox.com/ElectionVideos

If you want to learn more about racial disparities in school discipline, check out the UCLA Civil Rights Project. They’ve been studying this crisis for years: https://www.civilrightsproject.ucla.edu/research/k-12-education/school-discipline

Our colleagues at ProPublica, particularly Annie Waldman, have done extensive investigative work chronicling how the Trump administration has neglected to enforce students’ civil rights: https://www.propublica.org/article/devos-has-scuttled-more-than-1-200-civil-rights-probes-inherited-from-obama

The Texas schools study we mention in the video is publicly available through the Center for State Governments: https://knowledgecenter.csg.org/kc/system/files/Breaking_School_Rules.pdf

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Vox.com is a news website that helps you cut through the noise and understand what’s really driving the events in the headlines. Check out http://www.vox.com.

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This New Martian Moon Mission Could Explain How Life Began

Japan is aiming to complete the first round-trip mission to Mars and its moons in 2024 — here’s how JAXA is preparing for a mission others have failed.
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We’re heading to Mars again. But this time, Japan is aiming to complete the first round-trip mission, not to the Red Planet itself, but to its moons on the Martian Moons eXploration, or MMX

Mars has two moons and JAXA is planning to land on one of them, Phobos. And once the spacecraft is there, it will collect samples, and return them to Earth; bringing back dust and rock that not only haven’t been present on Mars for billions of years but could also potentially help us understand the formation of the red planet and its moons, and by extension, the formation of our solar system.

MMX is hoping that Phobos and Deimos could provide some insight to a few key areas of debate. Starting with, where did these moons come from?

JAXA plans on launching this moon hunting mission some time in 2024, and so far, it’s on track. But before we all get too excited, it will be awhile before we get to check out these samples, as MMX isn’t scheduled to come back until 2029.

Find out more about the new Martian mission in this episode of Countdown To Launch.

#JAXA #Mars #moon #space #seeker #science #elements

Read More:

JAXA’s MMX mission will capture Mars and its moons in 8K
https://newatlas.com/space/jaxas-mmx-mars-mission-8k-camera-ultra-high-def-images/
“The Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) and Japan Broadcasting Corporation (NHK) have teamed up to develop a Super Hi-Vision Camera for JAXA’s Martian Moons eXploration (MMX) mission that will take the first 8K ultra-high-definition images in orbit around the Red Planet.”

Japan to launch a sample-return mission to Mars moon Phobos in 2024
https://www.space.com/japan-mars-moon-phobos-sample-return.html
“The probe will visit both of Mars’ moons, Phobos and Deimos, and will touch down on the former for a few hours to snag samples. MMX will then deliver this pristine Phobos material to Earth in 2029, where scientists can scrutinize it in detail.”

JAXA Is Going To Land on Phobos, the 14th Best Moon in the Solar System
https://www.popularmechanics.com/space/moon-mars/a31044959/jaxa-phobos-mars-mission/
“Astronomers have long proposed a mission to Phobos as a precursor to any mission to the Red Planet. In 2015, the director of Solar System Exploration at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Firouz Naderi, suggested that a quick crewed trip to Phobos might be a nice alternative to Mars.”

____________________

Countdown to Launch takes a deep dive into upcoming space missions from around the world. We interview the people involved and explore the science, innovation and technology that makes them possible.

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What role does luck play in your life? | Barry Schwartz

Visit http://TED.com to get our entire library of TED Talks, transcripts, translations, personalized talk recommendations and more.

Chance plays a far bigger role in life than we’re willing to admit, says psychologist Barry Schwartz. Of course, working hard and following the rules can get you far — but the rest could boil down to simple good fortune. Schwartz examines the overlooked link between luck, merit and success, offering an intriguing solution to equalize opportunity — starting with college admissions.

The TED Talks channel features the best talks and performances from the TED Conference, where the world’s leading thinkers and doers give the talk of their lives in 18 minutes (or less). Look for talks on Technology, Entertainment and Design — plus science, business, global issues, the arts and more. You’re welcome to link to or embed these videos, forward them to others and share these ideas with people you know.

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The Bizarre World of Living Color | Compilation

Nature is full of all kinds of beautiful color, and there is plenty of weird science there too! Here’s a showcase of a few of our episodes all about coloration.

Hosted by: Hank Green

SciShow has a spinoff podcast! It’s called SciShow Tangents. Check it out at http://www.scishowtangents.org
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Original Episodes:
3 of the World’s Most Intensely-Colored Living Things

Why Aren’t Mammals More Colorful?

The Horrible Reason Rollie Pollies Are Sometimes Blue

The Unique Reason Reindeer Change Their Eye Color

The Delightful Mutation Behind Siamese Cats
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uHC1XTF6b58

Using the One Health Approach to Fight Disease X | Katendi Changula | TEDxLusaka

In the last few decades, the world has seen an increase in new infectious diseases, with the majority of these affecting both humans and animals. In this talk, Katendi speaks about using the One Health approach to fight infectious diseases and predict potential outbreaks. Dr. Katendi Changula is a veterinarian and an avid researcher, looking at diseases that affect both humans and animals. She studies bat populations in Zambia to detect the pathogens they carry, to determine the risk of spill-over of these infections into human populations and to develop new diagnostic tests for these diseases. She has worked with the Zambia Ministry of Health in the laboratory diagnosis of suspected cases of Ebola virus disease and COVID-19. She holds a Doctor of Philosophy in Diagnostic Veterinary Medicine, a Master of Science in Tropical Animal Health and a Bachelor of Veterinary Medicine degree. This talk was given at a TEDx event using the TED conference format but independently organized by a local community. Learn more at https://www.ted.com/tedx

The Real Origins of 15 Urban Legends

What are the real-life origins of urban legends? Why are there so many stories about babysitters in distress? And how did a real human corpse end up on display at an amusement park haunted house?

Erin (@erincmccarthy) breaks down the origins of the Mothman and the Goatman, along with some scary stories you probably heard at a sleepover at some point in your life.

In case you forgot, The List Show is a trivia-tastic, fact-filled show for curious people. Subscribe here for new List Show episodes the first and third Wednesday of each month: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCpZ5qUqpW4hW4zdfuBxMSJA?sub_confirmation=1

For more real scary stories (and some not-so-real ones), check out our article on the spookiest ghost stories from all 50 states: http://mentalfloss.com/article/504950/spookiest-ghost-stories-all-50-states

Website: http://www.mentalfloss.com
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Active Democracy in Times of Emergency | RSA Events

As the world faces the critical issues of Covid-19, climate emergency and political disquiet, what are the novel democratic approaches we can deploy to tackle these acute and existential challenges?

How can a more ‘active democracy’ break political deadlock, build civic trust and drive transformative collaboration between government, civil society and communities?

One month on from Climate Assembly UK’s reported recommendations and with the US election looming, RSA chief executive Matthew Taylor is joined in conversation with OECD policy analyst Claudia Chwalisz, chief executive of Reboot Panthea Lee and professor of politics Graham Smith to explore practical strategies for long-term change.

This event marks the London launch of the OECD report on innovative citizen participation and new democratic institutions: Catching the Deliberative Wave.

Read the report here:
http://www.oecd.org/gov/innovative-citizen-participation-and-new-democratic-institutions-339306da-en.htm

#RSAdemocracy

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Story of Mel – Computerphile

Breaking the unbreakable loop. More on how self-modifying code can be a neat hack, that’s almost unmaintainable. Dr Julian Onions recalls the “Real Programmer” story that circulated in the early ’80s.

Earlier Episodes about Mel: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLzH6n4zXuckoXiDGh3c16nMCPABZKHc9I

Wheeler Jump: https://youtu.be/zR8V0lq029c
Alderson Loop: https://youtu.be/Rh1IQwXy3Y8
Inside the CPU: https://youtu.be/IAkj32VPcUE

https://www.facebook.com/computerphile

This video was filmed and edited by Sean Riley.

Computer Science at the University of Nottingham: https://bit.ly/nottscomputer

Computerphile is a sister project to Brady Haran’s Numberphile. More at http://www.bradyharan.com