Can you solve the sum of cube roots problem?

I had fun solving this one! Special thanks this month to: Mike Robertson, Michael Anvari, Robert Zarnke, Fiona Harper, Kyle, Jamal Jackson. Thanks to all supporters on Patreon! http://www.patreon.com/mindyourdecisions

From Professor Behrooz Parhami’s Twitter @BehroozParhami

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Sniffing Out a Seabird in the Desert

Scientists have been searching for the hard-to-find nests of Storm Petrels in order to protect them, but first, they’ll have to follow their nose.

Hosted by: Stefan Chin

SciShow has a spinoff podcast! It’s called SciShow Tangents. Check it out at http://www.scishowtangents.org
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Support SciShow by becoming a patron on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/scishow
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Huge thanks go to the following Patreon supporters for helping us keep SciShow free for everyone forever:

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Sources:

Sea Wonder: Storm Petrel


https://oceana.org/marine-life/seabirds/least-storm-petrel
https://www.audubon.org/field-guide/bird/leachs-storm-petrel
https://www.audubon.org/field-guide/bird/wilsons-storm-petrel
https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0194389
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/345959009_Breeding_Sites_Distribution_and_Conservation_Status_of_the_White-Vented_Storm-Petrel_Oceanites_gracilis_in_the_Atacama_Desert
http://www.redobservadores.cl/wp-content/uploads/2018/10/Ardea1062_203-207.pdf
http://www.redobservadores.cl/wp-content/uploads/2019/04/A107-075-084.pdf
https://www.britannica.com/place/Atacama-Desert

Scouring the Desert for a Seabird


https://www.nasa.gov/feature/jpl/detecting-life-in-the-driest-place-on-earth
https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2018/07/storm-petrel-secret-desert-habitat-nests/563687/

https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:The_Milky_Way_above_the_Atacama_Desert.jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Eliotts_storm_petrel.jpg
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/cape-petrel-gm1219544698-356767997
https://www.nasa.gov/feature/jpl/detecting-life-in-the-driest-place-on-earth
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:A_trip_to_Mars.jpg
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:European_Storm_Petrel_From_The_Crossley_ID_Guide_Eastern_Birds.jpg

How The Biggest Banks Get Away With Fraud

Rob’s full video: https://youtu.be/9RqPEyqjCR8

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This book was rated the 9th best technology history book by book authority.
In the book you’ll learn the stories of those who invented the things we use everyday and how it all fits together to form our modern world.
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Sources:

https://www.adamseconomics.com/post/covid-19-exposes-gold-and-silver-price-manipulation

https://2deaa804a6dc693855a0-eba658c6bc03668a61900f643427d64d.ssl.cf1.rackcdn.com/Documents/product/velocityshares/prospectus/prospectus-velocityshares-energy_natural_gas.pdf

https://2deaa804a6dc693855a0-eba658c6bc03668a61900f643427d64d.ssl.cf1.rackcdn.com/Documents/product/velocityshares/prospectus/prospectus-velocityshares-us-volatility.pdf

https://www.cnbc.com/2018/02/07/credit-suisse-defends-controversial-xiv-etn-amid-market-turmoil.html

https://www.credit-suisse.com/about-us-news/en/articles/media-releases/credit-suisse-ag-announces-the-reverse-split-of-its-ugaz-etns-201912.html*

Credit Suisse set to delist UGAZ and DGAZ on the 12th of July- here is everything you need to know.

https://www.credit-suisse.com/about-us-news/en/articles/media-releases/credit-suisse-ag-announces-the-reverse-split-of-its-ugaz-etns-201912.html

My Music Channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCGkpFfEMF0eMJlh9xXj2lMw

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Why this observatory fires lasers at satellites

NERC’s Space Geodesy Facility, hidden away in the English countryside, fires lasers at satellites. Because it turns out that knowing a satellite’s position exactly is really, really difficult. More about the Facility: http://sgf.rgo.ac.uk/

Thanks to Jay Dickieson for the suggestion!

I’m at https://tomscott.com
on Twitter at https://twitter.com/tomscott
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and on Instagram as tomscottgo

Sasha Sarago: The (de)colonizing of beauty

Visit http://TED.com to get our entire library of TED Talks, transcripts, translations, personalized talk recommendations and more.

Beauty is about more than the body you inhabit — it’s a way of being that goes beyond genetics or societal ideals. Aboriginal writer and former model Sasha Sarago invites you to decolonize beauty, moving away from the monolithic Eurocentric archetype and towards a more essential, authentic understanding of self that belongs to everyone.

The TED Talks channel features the best talks and performances from the TED Conference, where the world’s leading thinkers and doers give the talk of their lives in 18 minutes (or less). Look for talks on Technology, Entertainment and Design — plus science, business, global issues, the arts and more. You’re welcome to link to or embed these videos, forward them to others and share these ideas with people you know.

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The Genetic Code Sucks. Let’s Do Better

Your genetic code is neat, but could be better!

Hosted by: Hank Green

SciShow has a spinoff podcast! It’s called SciShow Tangents. Check it out at http://www.scishowtangents.org
———-
Support SciShow by becoming a patron on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/scishow
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Huge thanks go to the following Patreon supporters for helping us keep SciShow free for everyone forever:

Chris Peters, Matt Curls, Kevin Bealer, Jeffrey Mckishen, Jacob, Christopher R Boucher, Nazara, charles george, Christoph Schwanke, Ash, Silas Emrys, KatieMarie Magnone, Eric Jensen, Adam Brainard, Piya Shedden, Alex Hackman, James Knight, GrowingViolet, Sam Lutfi, Alisa Sherbow, Jason A Saslow, Dr. Melvin Sanicas

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Sources:
Mukai et al. 2017 “Rewriting the Genetic Code” https://www.annualreviews.org/doi/abs/10.1146/annurev-micro-090816-093247
Chin 2014 “Expanding and Reprogramming the Genetic Code of Cells and Animals”
https://www.annualreviews.org/doi/abs/10.1146/annurev-biochem-060713-035737

The Genetic Code


Khan Academy “Intro to gene expression (central dogma)” https://www.khanacademy.org/science/high-school-biology/hs-molecular-genetics/hs-rna-and-protein-synthesis/a/intro-to-gene-expression-central-dogma
el-Showk 2014 “The Language of DNA” https://www.nature.com/scitable/blog/accumulating-glitches/the_language_of_dna/
D’Onofrio and Abel 2014 “Redundancy of the genetic code enables translational pausing” https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fgene.2014.00140/full
Spencer and Barral 2012 “Genetic code redundancy and its influence on the encoded polypeptides” https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3962081/
Duton 1983 “The significance of redundancy in the genetic code” https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/0022519383903880
Sleiman et al. 2021 “A third purine biosynthetic pathway encoded by aminoadenine-based viral DNA genomes” https://science.sciencemag.org/content/372/6541/516
Bain et al. 1992 “Ribosome-mediated incorporation of a non-standard amino acid into a peptide through expansion of the genetic code” https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/Ribosome-mediated-incorporation-of-a-non-standard-a-Bain-Switzer/a011e43038dd85ec8da081e59d73a6f0d8bd5164
Zhang et al. 2017 “A semisynthetic organism engineered for the stable expansion of the genetic alphabet” https://www.pnas.org/content/114/6/1317
Hoshika et al. 2019 “Hachimoji DNA and RNA: A genetic system with eight building blocks” https://science.sciencemag.org/content/363/6429/884
Ernst et al. 2016 “Genetic code expansion in the mouse brain” https://www.nature.com/articles/nchembio.2160
Robertson et al. 2021 “Sense codon reassignment enables viral resistance and encoded polymer synthesis” https://science.sciencemag.org/content/372/6546/1057
Bethencourt 2009 “Virus stalls Genzyme plant” https://www.nature.com/articles/nbt0809-681a
Jason Chin: “Reprogramming the genetic code” https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9gOImG7I5ek&t=520s
https://groups.molbiosci.northwestern.edu/holmgren/Glossary/Definitions/Def-D/degenerate_code.html#:~:text=Biology%20Glossary%20search%20by%20EverythingBio,by%20more%20than%20one%20codon.
https://www.britannica.com/science/amino-acid

IMAGES

https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/young-woman-with-laughing-corgi-puppy-nature-background-gm1276788283-376188457
https://www.storyblocks.com/video/stock/science-genetics-and-technology-concept—3d-rendering-of-virtual-dna-molecule-over-black-background-h-zbusytxxjibz13f2
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/laboratory-gm509610029-46561694
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/escherichia-coli-gm171590398-22294511
https://www.storyblocks.com/video/stock/abstract-molecular-background-vp3exyppeim0ij5a3
https://www.storyblocks.com/video/stock/microscopic-visualization-of-plasma-cells-rlbdn1vxxiwd79x8w
https://www.istockphoto.com/vector/tech-abstract-data-background-gm1292297534-387145671
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Aminoacids_table.svg
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:E._coli_Bacteria_(7316101966).jpg
https://www.storyblocks.com/video/stock/3d-animation-with-plexus-effects-dots-and-lines-connected-with-extremely-shallow-depth-of-field-rnl1qudgokkolwgwt

Amino Acids


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Protein_folding#/media/File:Protein_folding.png
https://www.storyblocks.com/video/stock/dna-strand-is-assembled-from-different-elements-3d-animation-rh61ojwa7joe97ze8
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Amino_Acids-wide.svg
https://www.storyblocks.com/video/stock/dolly-right-laboratory-tech-looking-for-coronavirus-vaccine-szul9mgvuk8f7nkm2
https://www.istockphoto.com/vector/abstract-dna-code-background-gm531369959-55462516

Programming with Proofs – Computerphile

Continuing our look at the Agda programming language, Professor Thorsten Altenkirch shows us how you can work with proofs, which could be invaluable in some industrial situations.

https://www.facebook.com/computerphile

This video was filmed and edited by Sean Riley.

Computer Science at the University of Nottingham: https://bit.ly/nottscomputer

Computerphile is a sister project to Brady Haran’s Numberphile. More at http://www.bradyharan.com

I dropped my keys, and someone nearly died | Lisa Nolan | TEDxDerryLondonderryStudio

Lisa, a former nurse, explains how an unintended error 30 years ago almost resulted in serious harm to her patient. In this talk she explores what, if anything, has changed since that day to make healthcare safer and the real cost of the embedded name, blame and shame culture in workplaces and throughout society.

Lisa is the Founder and CEO of Aslan Coaching. She is an Executive Coach, an accredited Coach of Excellence and a Certified Just Culture Champion. She works with business owners, professionals and managers who want to develop themselves and be the kind of leaders people can’t wait to work for. Lisa Nolan is an executive coach who specialises in leadership, resilience, RJC and builds leaders at every level. This talk was given at a TEDx event using the TED conference format but independently organized by a local community. Learn more at https://www.ted.com/tedx

The Secret to Better Chocolate Was Inside Us All Along

Researchers have been able to engineer super-strong fibers made of muscle proteins with the help of protein-assembling microbes. And some other research might eliminate the need to temper chocolate, a part of the chocolate production process that is the bane of amateur bakers everywhere.

Hosted by: Hank Green

SciShow has a spinoff podcast! It’s called SciShow Tangents. Check it out at http://www.scishowtangents.org
———-
Support SciShow by becoming a patron on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/scishow
———-
Huge thanks go to the following Patreon supporters for helping us keep SciShow free for everyone forever:

Chris Peters, Matt Curls, Kevin Bealer, Jeffrey Mckishen, Jacob, Christopher R Boucher, Nazara, charles george, Christoph Schwanke, Ash, Silas Emrys, KatieMarie Magnone, Eric Jensen, Adam Brainard, Piya Shedden, Alex Hackman, James Knight, GrowingViolet, Sam Lutfi, Alisa Sherbow, Jason A Saslow, Dr. Melvin Sanicas

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Sources:
Muscles
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41467-021-25360-6
https://www.eurekalert.org/news-releases/926667
https://www.embl-hamburg.de/~wilmanns/titin/lit/tskhovrebova03.pdf
https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/wonk/wp/2012/12/13/how-to-pronounce-the-longest-word-in-the-world/

Chocolate
https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-021-25206-1

How (and Why) to Temper Chocolate


https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Nuria-Acevedo/publication/289728067_Nanostructure_and_Microstructure_of_Fats/links/5a4ba9fd0f7e9b8284c2d3c9/Nanostructure-and-Microstructure-of-Fats.pdf
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S221479931500079X
https://www.chemistryworld.com/features/well-tempered-chocolate/9200.article

The Polymorphs of Chocolate


https://www.chemistryviews.org/details/ezine/808827/Chocolate__The_Noblest_Polymorphism_II.html

Images:
https://www.istockphoto.com/vector/skeletal-muscle-gm1256975161-368215673
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/neuromuscular-junction-gm1272322355-374628894
https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-021-25360-6
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Titin_IG_Domains.jpg
https://www.eurekalert.org/multimedia/797897
https://www.istockphoto.com/vector/3-types-of-muscle-tissue-and-cell-gm1256972678-368214716
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Chocolate_tempering_(3).JPG
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Couverture_chocolate_samples,_tempered_and_untempered.jpg
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/chocolate-spread-gm157403716-7661008
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/chocolate-assortment-background-top-view-of-different-kinds-of-chocolate-gm1276645382-376096164
https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-021-25206-1
https://www.istockphoto.com/vector/muscle-tissue-seamless-pattern-gm902384584-248913613
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/education-anatomy-and-histological-sample-striated-muscle-tissue-under-the-microscope-gm1174812814-326873138

Three Steps to Live With Mistakes | Zhixiang Yao | TEDxGuangdongTechnion

Mistakes are everywhere in our daily life, and yes, people surely make mistakes. It is important for us to follow the next three steps… Zhixiang is a junior student at Guangdong Technion, vice-president of the English Club during the 2019-2020 academic year. He Successfully co-organized several great events in the university.
The talk he is going to share is about the importance of further planning and accepting the mistakes in life. This talk was given at a TEDx event using the TED conference format but independently organized by a local community. Learn more at https://www.ted.com/tedx

You are good enough NOW! | Yue Yuan | TEDxGuangdongTechnion

Have you ever felt like you’re not good enough, doubted your abilities, or held back from an opportunity? The truth is that at present, we are good enough! Please believe in yourself and boldly try to grasp every opportunity, boldly accept the challenge, and surpass ourselves! Conquer your inner doubts and strive to breakthrough through every challenge. Yue is an ordinary girl before she went to the university. After she believed she is good enough now, she became extraordinary. She founded president of English Club in the university. After graduation, she is going to KAUST to pursue her master’s and Ph.D. degrees. She awarded the National Scholarship, the Dean’s List Scholarship, the Leadership Scholarship, the Outstanding Journalist Award and Excellent Award of National FLTRP·ETIC Cup English Writing Test; She participated in two SCI papers during the period of undergraduate; She presented at the 26th IPFA-IEEE conference in her second year of undergraduate. This talk was given at a TEDx event using the TED conference format but independently organized by a local community. Learn more at https://www.ted.com/tedx

Adopting a forgiveness mindset to achive your goals | Simona Matiyevsky | TEDxYouth@CarmelByTheSea

Simona Matiyevsky is 15 and is currently a sophomore at Carmel High School. She will be giving a talk about what a healthy mindset should look like and how the way people treat themselves is proportional to how their goals are achieved.

She hopes that her talk will open up the idea of how being kind to oneself will allow people to carry out their goals in a more successful manner. She sees how the typical constricting and harsh mindset that people lean towards can actually prevent people from doing so, so she wants to do as much as she can to illuminate the benefits of a positive mindset.
Simona Matiyevsky is 15 and is a sophomore at Carmel High School. Simona is very passionate about the arts, specifically music. She plays piano, viola, cello here and there, as well as a bit of guitar. She is also very interested in medicine and hopes to peruse that in the future as a career. This talk was given at a TEDx event using the TED conference format but independently organized by a local community. Learn more at https://www.ted.com/tedx

Earthquakes in the Ear! Become a more insightful thinker… | Hannah Shu | TEDxYouth@CarmelByTheSea

Hannah talks about her recent science research project regarding inner ear mechanics. She explains her scientific method and approach of how she was able to create a connection with earthquakes and the inner ear workings by utilizing her senses.

Contributions she hopes to bring to the community are the awareness of hearing loss in the younger generations and a new area to research from in the scientific community. She also hopes to inspire others to create their own science projects for a better future. Hannah Shu is 15 years old and is a sophomore at Carmel High School.

Hannah regards herself as a young scientist and is an active participant in science fairs. She has recently been chosen as a 2021 International Science and Engineering Fair Finalist (ISEF), representing Monterey County. In addition, Hannah is a violinist and loves fashion. This talk was given at a TEDx event using the TED conference format but independently organized by a local community. Learn more at https://www.ted.com/tedx

My bi-racial identity and racism in the Asian American | Anna Hight | TEDxYouth@CarmelByTheSea

Anna talks about her experience of being an Asian American bi-racial identity. Her hope is to open some people’s eyes about the struggles Asians and Asian Americans go through and also bring even more awareness towards racism in the Asian American and Pacific Islander community.
Anna Hight, 16 years old and a sophomore at Carmel High School, California. Anna enjoys playing the piano, the bass guitar, and listening to music. This talk was given at a TEDx event using the TED conference format but independently organized by a local community. Learn more at https://www.ted.com/tedx

Poem: Garden of Roses. Looking past “I’m fine” from teens. | Lillian Paul | TEDxYouth@CarmelByTheSea

A self-written poem “The Garden of Roses” that calls people to action about looking past the “I’m fine” front many teens put up by 15 years old Lillian Paul.

The poem’s content is a reality for many teenage lives and will remind the community that although many high school students appear to be constantly happy and energetic, the harsh reality is that we all have our bad moments and often feel completely and utterly overwhelmed.

Lillian is an active volleyball player, both indoor and beach. She is a competitive swimmer, traveler, and loves to jam out to music with her friends. Of course, Lillian is a poet and enjoys writing poetry during her free time.

Smell the Roses: TEDx Youth@CarmelByTheSea 2021 Virtual Event Lillian Paul is 15 years old and is currently a junior at Carmel High School, California. Lillian is an active volleyball player, both indoor and beach. She is a competitive swimmer, traveler, and loves to jam out to music with her friends. Lillian is a poet and enjoys writing poetry during her free time. This talk was given at a TEDx event using the TED conference format but independently organized by a local community. Learn more at https://www.ted.com/tedx

Pedagogy Of the Heart | Samuel Isaiah | TEDxUKM

Samuel Isaiah is famously known as the teacher who inspired educators from across Malaysia and the world with his story of how he changed the lives of the Orang Asli community through education. It was a unique story of how a teacher went the extra mile to help provide the best education that he could get for the little children from the Orang Asli village in Muadzam Shah, Pahang. His work has been recognised by the world when he was nominated as one of the top 10 finalists for the 2020 Global Teacher Prize or the “Nobel Prize” of the teaching fraternity.

However, his passion for innovating education to cater to minorities group like the Orang Asli community was founded upon a sad reality in Malaysia. In modern Malaysia, Orang Asli education has been neglected as they are not considered capable enough to help in the building of the nation. Having to face such reality especially when he first stepped foot in the Orang Asli village, Samuel Isaiah vowed to bring change to Malaysia as he believes that education can help change the lives and future of anyone including the Orang Asli people. His work has galvanized the attention of the people on the plight and the inequalities suffered by the Orang Asli for many years.

Although Samuel Isaiah has left the Orang Asli village in Muadzam Shah, Pahang but their love, kindness, and little smiles have never left him. Today, Samuel Isaiah inspired by the little children from the Orang Asli village is on a bigger mission to help innovate and revamp the Malaysian education system. Samuel Isaiah is pursuing a master’s in educational policy as this will help him in building a new Malaysia, a Malaysia where minority groups like the Orang Asli are part of our education system and the development of the country. Samuel Isaiah is famously known as the teacher who inspired educators from across Malaysia and the world with his story of how he changed the lives of the Orang Asli community through education. It was a unique story of how a teacher went the extra mile to help provide the best education that he could get for the little children from the Orang Asli village in Muadzam Shah, Pahang. His work has been recognised by the world when he was nominated as one of the top 10 finalists for the 2020 Global Teacher Prize or the “Nobel Prize” of the teaching fraternity. In modern Malaysia, Orang Asli education has been neglected as they are not considered capable enough to help in the building of the nation. Having to face such reality especially when he first stepped foot in the Orang Asli village, Samuel Isaiah vowed to bring change to Malaysia as he believes that education can help change the lives and future of anyone including the Orang Asli people. This talk was given at a TEDx event using the TED conference format but independently organized by a local community. Learn more at https://www.ted.com/tedx

Why Are Scorpions Fluorescent?

Under UV light, almost all species of scorpions glow a bright green color, but why? Thanks to Capital One Shopping for sponsoring a portion of this video! Avoid Paying Full Price. Get Capital One Shopping for free using this link: https://capitaloneshopping.com/veritasium

A huge thanks to Prof. Carl Kloock for the interview and taking us scorpion hunting at the Panorama Vista Preserve. https://panoramavista.org/

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References:
Zwicky, K. T. (1968). A light response in the tail of Urodacus, a scorpion. Life Sciences, 7(6), 257-262. –https://ve42.co/Zwicky1968

Kloock, C. T. (2005). Aerial insects avoid fluorescing scorpions. Euscorpius, 2005(21), 1-7. — https://ve42.co/Kloock2005

Gaffin, D. D., Bumm, L. A., Taylor, M. S., Popokina, N. V., & Mann, S. (2012). Scorpion fluorescence and reaction to light. Animal Behaviour, 83(2), 429-436. — https://ve42.co/Gaffin2012

Kloock, C. T., Kubli, A., & Reynolds, R. (2010). Ultraviolet light detection: a function of scorpion fluorescence. The Journal of Arachnology, 38(3), 441-445. — https://ve42.co/Kloock2012

Kloock, C. T. (2009). Reducing scorpion fluorescence via prolonged exposure to ultraviolet light. The Journal of Arachnology, 37(3), 368-370. — https://ve42.co/Kloock2009

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Written by Derek Muller, Emily Zhang, Petr Lebedev
Animation by Iván Tello
Filmed by Derek Muller and Emily Zhang
Edited by Brian Kim
Additional video supplied by Getty Images
Music from Epidemic Sound https://epidemicsound.com
And “Sneaky Snitch” by Kevin MacLeod (incompetech.com)
Licensed under Creative Commons: By Attribution 3.0
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/b…
Produced by Derek Muller, Emily Zhang and Petr Lebedev

Clara Sousa-Silva: The fingerprints of life beyond Earth | TED

Visit http://TED.com to get our entire library of TED Talks, transcripts, translations, personalized talk recommendations and more.

Is there life on Venus? Quantum astrochemist Clara Sousa-Silva makes the case for a new way to seek and possibly discover habitable planets — and shares her research into a poisonous, smelly molecule that might signal life beyond Earth.

The TED Talks channel features the best talks and performances from the TED Conference, where the world’s leading thinkers and doers give the talk of their lives in 18 minutes (or less). Look for talks on Technology, Entertainment and Design — plus science, business, global issues, the arts and more. You’re welcome to link to or embed these videos, forward them to others and share these ideas with people you know.

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Why video game doors are so hard to get right

Doors are hard because all of game development is hard.

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Doors are so common in the real world that you probably don’t stop to think about how to operate them.

But for video game designers, that’s not the case. For a video game door to feel real, it takes a ton of challenging work. Video game doors have to interact seamlessly with their surroundings, make logical sense, and look good too. They have to strike a delicate balance between real-world accuracy and playability.

All these factors mean designing a door usually requires work from every department at a game company.

Different types of doors require different amounts of work. And these same challenges crop up as you try to add almost any element to a game.

Like any great piece of art, the blood, sweat, and tears that go into doors are often invisible. The best doors are the ones that work seamlessly, and go unnoticed. In this video, we talk to Bryan Singh, a game developer, about why doors are so tricky.

Great coverage by our colleagues at The Verge: https://www.theverge.com/22328169/game-development-doors-design-difficult

The Door Problem by Liz England: https://lizengland.com/blog/2014/04/the-door-problem/

Further reading on why ladders are horrible: https://egmnow.com/video-game-ladders-suck-heres-why-that-matters/

And more about why doors make combat difficult to design: https://andrewyoderdesign.blog/2019/08/04/the-door-problem-of-combat-design/

Even more on developers gripes with doors: https://www.ign.com/articles/putting-doors-in-video-games-is-a-nightmare-say-developers

And info about exaggerated door sizes in games: https://www.gamesradar.com/why-are-the-doors-so-big-in-video-games-some-developers-explain

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The Power of Diverse Thinking | Matthew Syed

Success is no longer about individual talent, knowledge or skill. Success is about freeing ourselves from the blind spots that beset us all, and pooling our collective intelligence.

In our latest RSA Short, best-selling author and columnist Matthew Syed shows where the best ideas come from and how we can apply these ideas to tackling the biggest challenges of our age.

Individual intelligence is no longer enough, he argues; the only way to tackle complex problems is to harness of the power of the diverse collective.

Extracted from a talk given at the RSA in London, 2019.
https://www.thersa.org/events/2019/09/the-power-of-diverse-thinking

Speaker: Matthew Syed
Direction: Stephen Ong
Animation: Stephen Ong, Zak Smith
Video Producer: Ross Henbest
Event Producer: Rebecca Towers
Joint Head of Public Events Programme: Mairi Ryan
Sound Design: Tigerbear Audio

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We Skipped Flu Season. That’s Bad

SciShow is supported by Brilliant.org. Go to https://Brilliant.org/SciShow to get 20% off of an annual Premium subscription.

Some experts feared we were in for a “twindemic” during the 2020-2021 flu season. That didn’t happen, which might mean that there will be more people susceptible to getting sick this year.

Hosted by: Rose Bear Don’t Walk

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Sources:
https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lanmic/article/PIIS2666-5247(20)30130-0/fulltext
https://www.amjmed.com/article/S0002-9343(21)00316-8/fulltext
https://www.cdc.gov/flu/weekly/index.htm
https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6937a6.htm
https://www.pnas.org/content/117/48/30547
https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpubh.2021.672568/
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/778995/
https://www.nature.com/articles/nature01542.epdf
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4873262/
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/jmv.26163
https://www.nature.com/articles/s41422-021-00473-1
https://www.nature.com/articles/s12276-021-00603-0
https://www.cdc.gov/flu/about/viruses/change.htm
https://www.nature.com/articles/293067a0
https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/10.1089/vim.2017.0141
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7768426/
https://www.who.int/news/item/06-08-2009-pandemic-influenza-vaccine-manufacturing-process-and-timeline
https://www.cdc.gov/flu/prevent/vaccine-selection.htm
https://www.who.int/influenza/vaccines/virus/recommendations/202102_recommendation.pdf?ua=1
https://www.cdc.gov/flu/weekly/#ivc
https://www.who.int/publications/i/item/recommended-composition-of-influenza-virus-vaccines-for-use-in-the-2021-2022-northern-hemisphere-influenza-season
https://www.wired.com/story/covid-19-meant-a-year-without-the-flu-thats-not-all-good-news/
https://www.nature.com/articles/s41541-020-0159-8

Images:
https://www.storyblocks.com/video/stock/sick-man-on-couch-coughing-rkgyrxl
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/multiracial-people-standing-in-a-queue-and-waiting-young-people-with-social-gm1252875644-365730748
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/retro-old-scientific-laboratory-microscope-circa-40s-on-wooden-table-front-concrete-gm1065742978-284995018
https://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/3609
https://www.storyblocks.com/video/stock/a-small-piglet-in-the-farm-group-of-pigs-waiting-feed-swine-in-the-stall-hdtmqjyczjfaxj0bq
https://www.storyblocks.com/video/stock/little-mangalica-piglets-grazing-on-green-grass-on-livestock-farm-top-view-striped-wild-boar-pigs-eating-green-grass-in-countryside-breeding-domestic-animals-pig-farming-bdf_8ppwpkgj39zf4
https://www.storyblocks.com/video/stock/portrait-of-doctor-and-people-with-face-masks-coronavirus-covid-19-and-vaccination-concept-waiting-rkkqvaauvkh1wvbix

Il futuro delle super sport cars | Maurizio Reggiani | TEDxMirandola

Fronteggiare l’aumento dei gas serra è oggi una delle sfide più difficili per il mondo, e anche le vetture supersportive sono chiamate a fare la loro parte.
In questo talk Maurizio parla del futuro dell’elettrificazione, i nuovi limiti che ci porterà e le nuove possibilità che abbiamo davanti, con un occhio speciale all’evoluzione delle supercar a cui abbiamo assistito negli ultimi decenni nella motor valley italiana.

Maurizio Reggiani è Chief Technical Officer (CTO) di Lamborghini, membro del Board, Direttore ricerca & sviluppo, capo della Squadra Corse, divisione Motorsport di Automobili Lamborghini, si occupa dello sviluppo di strategie a lungo termine, tecnologie per carrozzeria e telaio, gruppo di propulsione, sospensioni ed elettronica.

ENGLISH:

Facing the increase in greenhouse gases is one of the most difficult challenges for the world today, and super sports cars are also called upon to do their part.
In this talk Maurizio talks about the future of electrification, the new limits it will bring us and the new possibilities we have ahead, with a special focus on the evolution of supercars that we have witnessed in recent decades in the Italian motor valley.

Maurizio Reggiani is Lamborghini’s Chief Technical Officer (CTO), member of the Board, Research & Development Director, head of Squadra Corse, Motorsport division of Automobili Lamborghini, deals with the development of long-term strategies, technologies for body and chassis, group of propulsion, suspension and electronics. Chief Technical Officer (CTO) di Lamborghini, membro del Board, Direttore ricerca & sviluppo, capo della Squadra Corse, divisione Motorsport di Automobili Lamborghini, si occupa dello sviluppo di strategie a lungo termine, tecnologie per carrozzeria e telaio, gruppo di propulsione, sospensioni ed elettronica. This talk was given at a TEDx event using the TED conference format but independently organized by a local community. Learn more at https://www.ted.com/tedx

What is MSG, and is it actually bad for you? – Sarah E. Tracy

Dig into the seasoning known as MSG, and find out how this flavoring was developed and if it’s actually bad for your health.

In 1968, Dr. Robert Ho Man Kwok felt ill after dinner at a Chinese restaurant and wrote a letter to a medical journal connecting his symptoms to MSG. His letter would change the world’s relationship with MSG, inspiring international panic, biased science, and sensationalist journalism for the next 40 years. So what is this seasoning, and is it actually bad for you? Sarah E. Tracy investigates.

Lesson by Sarah E. Tracy, directed by Alopra Studio.

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Animator’s website: https://alopra.com
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Thank you so much to our patrons for your support! Without you this video would not be possible! Matt Switzler, Leonardo Monrroy, Sumedh Ghaisas, Maryam, Bethany Connor, Jeremy Shimanek, Mark Byers, Avinash Amarnath, Xuebicoco, Rare Media, Rayo, Po Foon Kwong, NinjaBoffin, Jesse Jurman, Scott Markley, Elija Peterson, Ovidiu Mrd, Xavier dupont, paul g mohney, Aravind Battaje, Nathan Giusti, Helen Lee, Anthony Benedict, Karthik Balsubramanian, John Hong, Annastasshia Ames, Sean, Amy Lopez, Vinh-Thuy Nguyen, Liz Candee, Ugur Doga Sezgin, Anthony Arcis, Karmi Nguyen, Yelena Baykova, Harshita Jagdish Sahijwani, Nick Johnson, Carlos H. Costa, Robert Patrick, Les Howard, Jennifer Kurkoski, Ryan B Harvey, Abhishek Bansal, Akinola Emmanuel, Jose Arcadio Valdes Franco, JY Kang, Abhishek Goel, Heidi Stolt, Christina Salvatore, Karlee Finch and Michael Goldberg.

Ossessione e passione | Massimiliano “Max” Sirena | TEDxCortina

Max da ragazzino voleva fare tre cose: il pompiere, l’astronauta o il velista. Ma quella barca a vela abbandonata sulla spiaggia che frequentava da bambino, che ha riparato e portato in mare da solo, ho spinto il suo destino in una direzione, ed il vento ne ha spiegato le vele. Quell’ossessione si è fatta passione, voglia di fare e concretezza. Perché il mondo non è perfetto, c’è poco da girarci intorno. Ma dobbiamo lavorare ogni giorno per migliorarlo. E parte tutto da noi stessi. Massimiliano “Max” Sirena è un velista italiano. Nato nel 1971 a Rimini, Massimiliano “Max” Sirena è alla sua settima partecipazione all’America’s Cup. Di queste ha vinto la 33esima edizione con BMW Oracle Racing nel ruolo di responsabile dell’albero alare e la 35esima con Emirates Team New Zealand nell’edizione di Bermuda nel 2017.
Max è stato skipper dell’Extreme 40 Luna Rossa e vincitore del campionato Extreme Sailing Series nel 2011.
Con il team Luna Rossa ha partecipato alle sfide del 2000, vincendo la Louis Vuitton Cup, e del 2003 e 2007 nel ruolo di aiuto prodiere. È diventato quindi Skipper e Team Director di Luna Rossa nella campagna per la 34esima America’s Cup, tenutasi a San Francisco nel 2013. In questa edizione, sempre nel ruolo di Skipper e Team Director, è stato alla guida del team Luna Rossa Prada Pirelli nella sfida per la 36esima America’s Cup disputata ad Auckland nel 2021. This talk was given at a TEDx event using the TED conference format but independently organized by a local community. Learn more at https://www.ted.com/tedx

Why people think this photo of JFK’s killer is fake

This photo of Lee Harvey Oswald has been analyzed for decades.

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Lee Harvey Oswald was murdered two days after he was arrested for assassinating US President John F. Kennedy. But before Oswald died, he claimed that a damning piece of evidence against him — a photo showing Oswald holding the rifle that killed the president — was fake. In fact, he said his face was superimposed onto another person’s body to set him up.

The photo’s authenticity has been in question ever since, and it plays a key role in the conspiracy theory surrounding JFK’s death. The shadows in the photo seem inconsistent, and Oswald’s crooked stance under the weight of the rifle looks like he is about to tip over. Plus, his face doesn’t look the same as it does in his mug shot.

For decades, conspiracy theorists have used this image as key evidence to suggest that Oswald was framed. But decades of analysis — including recent 3D forensic analysis — has proved over and over that the photo is likely authentic.

Darkroom is a history and photography series that anchors each episode around a single image. Analyzing what the photo shows (or doesn’t show) provides context that helps unravel a wider story. Watch previous episodes here: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLJ8cMiYb3G5ce8J4P5j5qOEtYR94Z3DQs

Here’s the full copy of Hany Farid’s 3D forensic study: https://farid.berkeley.edu/downloads/publications/jdfsl15.pdf

And here’s the study by Pawan Sinha: http://web.mit.edu/sinhalab/Papers/anomalous_illumination2005.pdf

Plus, more links to other resources about the photo:
https://history-matters.com/archive/jfk/hsca/reportvols/vol6/html/HSCA_Vol6_0072b.htm
https://aarclibrary.org/publib/jfk/wc/wr/html/WCReport_0075b.htm

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The Next Great Frontier: How Space Exploration Benefits Humanity on Earth | Eric Hinterman | TEDxMIT

Learn why space exploration, and settlement, is not only beneficial for humans on Earth through the technologies it develops but also critical for the survival of our species in the distant future.
Eric Hinterman is a Ph.D. candidate at MIT in Aeronautics and Astronautics and works on MOXIE, an instrument on the Perseverance rover that produces oxygen on Mars. He attended the University of Notre Dame for his undergraduate studies, where he received a degree in Chemical Engineering. After working in the chemical industry for several years, Eric returned to school to pursue graduate degrees in Aeronautics and Astronautics. He currently holds a Master’s degree from MIT and is working towards his Ph.D. at the same institution. Eric is a Matthew Isakowitz Fellow, NASA Space Technology Research Fellow, and Foresight Institute Fellow. He is passionate about human spaceflight and plans to spend his career pushing the boundaries to enable human exploration of Mars and beyond. This talk was given at a TEDx event using the TED conference format but independently organized by a local community. Learn more at https://www.ted.com/tedx

We Can’t Predict Earthquakes…Yet!

Here on SciShow, we’ve talked quite a bit about how difficult it is to predict earthquakes, and how we prepare for them. So today, let’s take a tour of earthquake science!

Hosted by: Rose Bear Don’t Walk

Earthquake preparation links: https://www.usgs.gov/natural-hazards/earthquake-hazards/science/prepare?qt-science_center_objects=0#qt-science_center_objects

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Original episodes:
Can We Predict Earthquakes? – https://youtu.be/gFB-qpiKccs
Can Animals Predict Earthquakes? – https://youtu.be/oSRQvyojOL8
The “Devil’s Staircase” Shows Why Earthquakes Are Hard to Predict – https://youtu.be/dRRZkj-nBJY
The Future of Earthquake-Proof Buildings – https://youtu.be/yJXjcCUpzeY
Are We Overdue for a Megaquake? – https://youtu.be/4DtsYqCPZI4

11 NASA Inventions We Use Every Day

The NASA inventions (or NASA spinoffs, as they’re known inside the space agency) in this episode of The List Show pop up throughout our daily lives. Did you now that NASA helped give us scratch-resistant lenses, memory foam, and the image sensors used in smartphone cameras?

Erin (@erincmccarthy) touches on those NASA inventions and more in this not-so-out-of-this-world episode of The List Show.

In case you forgot, The List Show is a trivia-tastic, fact-filled show for curious people. Subscribe here for new Mental Floss episodes every Wednesday: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCpZ5qUqpW4hW4zdfuBxMSJA?sub_confirmation=1

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La vitalidad urbana de Barcelona | Irene Gomez Varo | TEDxBarcelonaSalon

Cuando se diseñan ciudades se tienen en cuenta muchos aspectos. ¿También se está pensando en la “vitalidad” de la ciudad, de la movilidad de los ciudadanos, de las interacciones que los ciudadanos pueden tener entre ellos, las actividades que pueden hacer, etc? Jane Jacobs era la primera persona que ha definido el término vitalidad urbana. Ella también dio recomendaciones sobre cómo diseñar una ciudad para hacerla más “vital”. Pero desde entonces mucho ha cambiado. Nuestra ponente, Irene Gomez Varo aplicó este concepto a las necesidades de hoy en día y a Barcelona. En su charla nos presentará sus resultados y sus recomendaciones. Irene Gomez Varo holds a degree in Sociology (University of Barcelona) and a Master’s degree in Territorial Population Studies (Autonomous University of Barcelona). She is also a researcher in the Mobility, Transport and Territory Studies Group (GEMOTT) of the Department of Geography at the Autonomous University of Barcelona. Her lines of research focus on Jane Jacobs’ ideas of urban vitality, public space and quality of life, mobility with a gender perspective and the city of care. This talk was given at a TEDx event using the TED conference format but independently organized by a local community. Learn more at https://www.ted.com/tedx

David Kessler: How to find meaning after loss | TED

Visit http://TED.com to get our entire library of TED Talks, transcripts, translations, personalized talk recommendations and more.

You may be familiar with the five stages of grief: denial, anger, bargaining, depression and acceptance. After decades of research and his own experience with tragic loss, grief expert David Kessler ventured beyond that classic framework and sought a sixth, crucial stage: meaning. He shares practical wisdom and strategies for anyone seeking to honor a loved one’s memory and move through life in light of personal loss. (This conversation, hosted by TED curator Cloe Shasha Brooks, is part of TED’s “How to Deal with Difficult Feelings” series.)

The TED Talks channel features the best talks and performances from the TED Conference, where the world’s leading thinkers and doers give the talk of their lives in 18 minutes (or less). Look for talks on Technology, Entertainment and Design — plus science, business, global issues, the arts and more. You’re welcome to link to or embed these videos, forward them to others and share these ideas with people you know.

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Why Scientists Recreated the Northern Lights in a Lab

Auroras like the famous Northern Lights have captivated humans for millennia. But scientists haven’t been able to prove exactly how they form—until now.

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For decades, the exact science of how the northern lights form in our night sky has eluded experts. And we have finally proved just how these dazzling light shows happen.

Auroras appear in the upper atmosphere near the poles and they first were mentioned in texts thousands of years ago. But it wasn’t until the late 1800’s that a Norweigian physicist first made the connection between electric currents in Earth’s magnetic field and auroras in the sky.

And it’s only been since the beginning of the 20th century that scientists have known the basics of how auroras work. Today, we know that all auroras begin with solar activity. The sun puts out a continuous stream of charged particles called the solar wind.

They’re responsible for producing the most intense auroras. They disrupt the magnetic field lines, creating ripples that rebound back toward Earth known as Alfven waves. And this is where the mystery starts.

#auroras #northernlights #planetearth #science #seeker #elements

Read More:
Laboratory measurements of the physics of auroral electron acceleration by Alfvén waves
https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-021-23377-5
“While the aurora has attracted attention for millennia, important questions remain unanswered. Foremost is how auroral electrons are accelerated before colliding with the ionosphere and producing auroral light.”

Aurora sighted in northern U.S. as powerful geomagnetic storm continues
https://www.washingtonpost.com/weather/2021/05/12/aurora-northern-lights-us-canada/
“Earth’s magnetosphere transforms the potentially hazardous electromagnetic energy into curtains of visible light that we see as the aurora. The more intense the disturbance, the farther away from the poles the lights will extend.”

Mystery of Jupiter’s powerful X-ray auroras finally solved
https://www.space.com/jupiter-x-ray-auroras-mystery-solved
“Mysterious flares of X-rays from Jupiter’s auroras suggest that the giant planet’s “northern lights” may possess unexpected similarities with those of Earth, a new study finds.”
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Opossum vs Possum #shorts

Opossums and possums are awesome. Here’s how to tell the difference. #shorts

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How Mirrors Could Solve our Energy Problem

We visited a giant field of solar mirrors to learn about Concentrated #Solar Power technology! Thank you to Toyota for lending us the Mirai and for sponsoring this renewable energy roadtrip!

Previous videos in this series:
1800 miles in a hydrogen car [https://youtu.be/hghIckc7nrY]
Hydrogen Fuel Cell Electric vs Battery Electric [https://youtu.be/dWAO3vUn7nw]
Big problem facing renewable energy [https://youtu.be/mHmIVw9etns]

Upcoming video in this series:
Concentrated Solar

Creator/Host: Dianna Cowern
Editor: Levi Butner
Producer: Hope Butner
Production Assistant: Laura Chernikoff
Story Consultant: Patrick Muhlberger
Research: Sophia Chen and Erika Carlson

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Resources:
https://unfccc.int/sites/default/files/resource/LTS1_RKorea.pdf
https://highwaysengland.co.uk/netzerohighways/
https://iea.blob.core.windows.net/assets/beceb956-0dcf-4d73-89fe-1310e3046d68/NetZeroby2050-ARoadmapfortheGlobalEnergySector_CORR.pdf
https://www.iea.org/reports/net-zero-by-2050

The Weird, Colorful Glaciers The Sun Can’t Melt

In the Zagros Mountains of Iran lie some strange, multi-colored glaciers that don’t melt, even in the heat of summer. But, in a rainstorm, these glaciers will start to dissolve away.

Hosted by: Stefan Chin

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Sources:
Waltham 2008 https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1365-2451.2008.00686.x
https://sp.lyellcollection.org/content/366/1/229.abstract
https://nvlpubs.nist.gov/nistpubs/Legacy/MONO/nbsmonograph167.pdf
https://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/images/4168/irans-salt-glaciers
https://geology.utah.gov/map-pub/survey-notes/geosights/onion-creek-salt-diapir/

Images:
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:The_view_of_Dena_from_Semirom_road_-_panoramio.jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:SaltGlaciers_ZagrosMtns_20010810.jpg
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/amazing-view-on-hubbard-glacier-gm1220570692-357454538
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:AS_Salt_Glaciers.jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Arabian_Plate_showing_general_tectonic_and_structural_features,_Infracambrian_rift_salt_basins,_and_oil_and_gas_fields_of_Central_Arabia_and_North_Gulf_area_(usgs.gov).png
https://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/images/6871/salt-domes-on-melville-island
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Salt_dome_Hadi_Karimi.jpg
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/arab-peninsula-on-planet-earth-gm654043058-119269233
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Ken_Leonard_-_Fisher_Towers_-_IMAG0059.JPG
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:ZagrosMtns_SaltDome_ISS012-E-18774.jpg
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/group-of-trilobites-fossils-gm673219270-123329305

Domáce násilie môže pokračovať len keď o ňom nehovoríme. | Mária Víteková | TEDxBratislavaWomen

(Please scroll down for ENGLISH)

Násilie číha na ženy často práve tam, kde by sa mali cítiť najbezpečnejšie – doma, v kruhu najbližších. Mária vysvetľuje, ako predsudky a kontraintuitívne správanie obete dokážu zasahovať do procesu pomoci a prečo je dôležité o prítomnosti násilia v spoločnosti hovoriť.

Domestic violence can only continue when we are not talking about it.

The danger of violence lurks for women often where they are supposed to feel the safest – at home, among their loved ones. Maria explains how the prejudices and counterintuitive behavior of the victim can intervene with the aid process and why it is important to talk about the presence of violence in society. Mária je vedúcou poradkýň Národnej linky pre ženy zažívajúce násilie. Usiluje sa o to, aby boli ľudia všímavejší k tomu, čo sa deje v ich okolí a za dverami iných domácností.

Mária is the leading adviser for The National Hotline for Women Survivors of Violence. She strives to make people more aware of what is happening around them and behind the doors of other households. This talk was given at a TEDx event using the TED conference format but independently organized by a local community. Learn more at https://www.ted.com/tedx

How Distant Galaxies Mess With Our Lives

Tiny particles from distant galaxies have caused plane accidents, election interference and game glitches. This video is sponsored by Brilliant. The first 200 people to sign up via https://brilliant.org/veritasium get 20% off a yearly subscription.

This video was inspired by the RadioLab Podcast “Bit Flip” https://ve42.co/BF — they’re brilliant science storytellers.

A Huge thanks to Dr Leif Scheick, Calla Cofield and the JPL Media Relations Team.

Thanks to Col Chris Hadfield. Check out his book: https://chrishadfield.ca/books/

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References:
J. F. Ziegler, “Terrestrial cosmic rays,” in IBM Journal of Research and Development, vol. 40, no. 1, pp. 19-39, Jan. 1996, doi: 10.1147/rd.401.0019. — https://ve42.co/Ziegler1996

D. Binder, E. C. Smith and A. B. Holman, “Satellite Anomalies from Galactic Cosmic Rays,” in IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science, vol. 22, no. 6, pp. 2675-2680, Dec. 1975, doi: 10.1109/TNS.1975.4328188 https://ve42.co/Binder1975

Ziegler, J. F., & Lanford, W. A. (1979). Effect of cosmic rays on computer memories. Science, 206(4420), 776-788 https://ve42.co/Ziegler1979

Drury, L. O. C. (2012). Origin of cosmic rays. Astroparticle Physics, 39, 52-60. https://ve42.co/Drury2012

Hess, V. (2018). On the observations of the penetrating radiation during seven balloon flights. arXiv preprint arXiv:1808.02927. –https://ve42.co/Hess2018

Carlson, P., & De Angelis, A. (2011). Nationalism and internationalism in science: the case of the discovery of cosmic rays. The European Physical Journal H, 35(4), 309-329. — https://ve42.co/Carlson2011

Höeffgen, S. K., Metzger, S., & Steffens, M. (2020). Investigating the effects of cosmic rays on space electronics. Frontiers in Physics, 8, 318. — https://ve42.co/Hoeffgen2020

Edmonds, L. D., Barnes, C. E., & Scheick, L. Z. (2000). An introduction to space radiation effects on microelectronics. Jet Propulsion Laboratory, National Aeronautics and Space Administration. — https://ve42.co/Edmonds2000

NASA Mars 2020 website covering the specifications of the Perseverance Rover https://ve42.co/RoverBrains

Australian Government Australian Transport Safety Bureau report on QF72 — https://ve42.co/ASTBQantas

Australian Government Australian Transport Safety Bureau summary on QF72 –https://ve42.co/ASTBQantas2

Great Blog post about QF72 — https://ve42.co/DempseyQantas

Michael Barr’s report on the Toyota acceleration issue –https://ve42.co/Barr2015

NASA’s Report on Toyota — https://ve42.co/NASAToyota

T. C. May and M. H. Woods, “A New Physical Mechanism for Soft Errors in Dynamic Memories,” 16th International Reliability Physics Symposium, 1978, pp. 33-40, doi: 10.1109/IRPS.1978.362815. –https://ve42.co/May1978

P. M. O’Neill and G. D. Badhwar, “Single event upsets for Space Shuttle flights of new general purpose computer memory devices,” in IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science, vol. 41, no. 5, pp. 1755-1764, Oct. 1994, doi: 10.1109/23.317386. — https://ve42.co/ONeill1994

Wikipedia about radiation hardening — https://ve42.co/RadHardening

Toward Monitoring Fault-Tolerant Embedded
Systems (Extended Abstract) — https://ve42.co/Goodloe2009

Article about speed run — https://ve42.co/BurttSpeedrun

Article about speed run — https://ve42.co/BountySpeedrun

Article about redundant systems in spaceflight — https://ve42.co/NASAComputers

Article about the PowerPC750 — https://ve42.co/Wener-FlignerNASA

Fuglesang C, Narici L, Picozza P, Sannita WG. Phosphenes in low earth orbit: survey responses from 59 astronauts. Aviat Space Environ Med. 2006 Apr;77(4):449-52. PMID: 16676658. — https://ve42.co/Fuglesang2006

Good article about Cosmic Rays causing flashes — https://ve42.co/AtkinsonEye

Good article about radiation resistance — https://ve42.co/RoverResistance

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Written by Derek Muller and Petr Lebedev
Animation by Iván Tello, Mike Radjabov, Fabio Albertelli, Jakub Misiek and Charlie Davies
SFX by Shaun Clifford
Filmed by Derek Muller, Raquel Nuno, and Emily Zhang
Edited by Derek Muller and Petr Lebedev
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Rover Footage From NASA/JPL-Caltech
QF72 footage from the Smithsonian channel https://youtu.be/H3q5S9PCoJA
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Produced by Derek Muller, Petr Lebedev and Emily Zhang

This Virus Shouldn’t Exist (But it Does)

To get a fresh perspective on math and science, go to https://brilliant.org/Nutshell/ and sign up free. And there’s an extra perk for Kurzgesagt viewers: the first 200 people to use the link get 20% off their annual membership, which gives you access to every course in Brilliant’s catalog. Thanks to our friends from Brilliant for supporting this channel.

Sources & further reading:
https://sites.google.com/view/sources-girus/

Hidden in the microverse all around you, there is a merciless war being fought by the true rulers of this planet, microorganisms. Amoebae, protists, bacteria, archaea and fungi compete for resources and space. And then there are the strange horrors that are viruses, hunting everyone else. Not even being alive, they are the tiniest, most abundant and deadliest beings on earth, killing trillions every day. Not interested in resources, only in living things to take over. Or so we thought.
It turns out that there are giant viruses that blur the line between life and death – and other viruses hunting them.

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The infamous overpopulation bet: Simon vs. Ehrlich – Soraya Field Fiorio

Discover an infamous bet between two professors, which sought to predict whether the earth would run out of resources due to a growing human population.

In 1980, Paul Ehrlich and Julian Simon bet $1,000 on a question with stakes that couldn’t be higher: would the earth run out of resources to sustain a growing human population? They bet $200 on the price of five metals. If the price of a metal decreased or held steady over the next decade, Simon won. If the price increased, Ehrlich won. So, what happened? Soraya Field Fiorio investigates.

Lesson by Soraya Field Fiorio, directed by Avi Ofer.

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Leadership Amidst the Pandemic | Maria Leonor “Leni” Robredo | TEDxXavierSchool

Leadership Amidst the Pandemic | Vice President Leni Robredo | TEDxXavierSchool

Initially wanting to become a lawyer, Mrs. Leni Robredo turned to public service after the monumental events of the 1986 EDSA People Power Revolution. Dealing with adversity all her life has shaped her to become who she is today.

As the current Vice President of the Republic of the Philippines, Mrs. Robredo talks about the importance of exhibiting a progressive mindset — one of moving outward and forward — in the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic. Emphasizing the significance of grit and remaining steadfast, Vice President Robredo desires for everyone to do his or her part in contributing to society and ultimately achieve one’s aspirations, along with the country’s. She also urges everyone, especially young people, to reimagine the future and build a better normal for all through acts of service and compassion.

Leadership Amidst the Pandemic – this talk was given at a TEDx event using the TED conference format but independently organized by a local community.

Learn more at https://www.ted.com/tedx Vice President of the Republic of the Philippines This talk was given at a TEDx event using the TED conference format but independently organized by a local community. Learn more at https://www.ted.com/tedx

How oysters can stop a flood

And why the world needs more of them.

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In the last century, 85% of the world’s oyster reefs have vanished. And we’re only recently beginning to understand what that’s cost us: While they don’t look incredibly appealing from the shore, oysters are vital to bays and waterways around the world. A single oyster can filter up to 50 gallons of water every day. And over time, oysters form incredible reef structures that double as habitats for various species of fish, crabs, and other animals. In their absence, our coastlines have suffered.

Now, several projects from New York to the Gulf of Mexico and Bangladesh are aiming to bring the oysters back. Because not only are oysters vital ecosystems; they can also protect us from the rising oceans by acting as breakwaters, deflecting waves before they hit the shore. It won’t stop the seas from rising – but embracing living shorelines could help protect us from what’s to come.

Note: The headline on this video has been changed.
Previous headline: Why we need more oysters

For more on living shorelines:
https://www.vox.com/2019/6/3/18262182/hurricane-season-2019-storm-protection

More information on the specific ways oysters can restore an ecosystem:
https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/infographic/infographic-value-chesapeake-bay-oyster-habitat

https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/feature-story/oyster-reefs-provide-habitat-and-filter-water-findings-show
https://academic.oup.com/bioscience/article/61/2/107/242615

Further information on restoration efforts:
https://www.billionoysterproject.org/
https://www.naturebasedsolutionsinitiative.org/news/oyster-reefs-in-bangladesh-and-the-gulf-of-mexico/
https://www.natureaustralia.org.au/what-we-do/our-priorities/oceans/ocean-stories/restoring-shellfish-reefs/oyster-harbour/

Related articles around New York City:

https://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2021/08/09/the-seas-are-rising-could-oysters-protect-us

For more on the history of the oyster boom in New York City we highly recommend “The Big Oyster: History on the Half Shell” https://www.amazon.com/Big-Oyster-History-Half-Shell/dp/0345476395

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Can you solve the circles between rays problem?

Three circles are wedged between two rays that are 60 degrees apart. If the first circle has a radius equal to 1, what is the radius of the third circle?

New Scientist Twitter


Brilliant.org problem 2007 circles
https://brilliant.org/problems/2007-circles/

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“The Best Mental Math Tricks” rated 4.2/5 stars on 57 reviews
http://amzn.to/18maAdo
“Multiply Numbers By Drawing Lines” rated 4.1/5 stars on 23 reviews
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Mind Your Puzzles: Collection Of Volumes 1 To 3
https://amzn.to/2mMdrJr
A collection of 3 books:
“Math Puzzles Volume 1” rated 4.4/5 stars on 75 reviews
http://amzn.to/1GhUUSH
“Math Puzzles Volume 2” rated 4.3/5 stars on 21 reviews
http://amzn.to/1NKbyCs
“Math Puzzles Volume 3” rated 4.3/5 stars on 17 reviews
http://amzn.to/1NKbGlp

2017 Shorty Awards Nominee. Mind Your Decisions was nominated in the STEM category (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math) along with eventual winner Bill Nye; finalists Adam Savage, Dr. Sandra Lee, Simone Giertz, Tim Peake, Unbox Therapy; and other nominees Elon Musk, Gizmoslip, Hope Jahren, Life Noggin, and Nerdwriter.

My Blog
https://mindyourdecisions.com/blog/

Twitter

Merch
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Patreon
https://www.patreon.com/mindyourdecisions

Press
https://mindyourdecisions.com/blog/press

Now Games Can Look Like Pixar Movies – Unreal Engine 5

The first 1000 people to click the link will get a one month trial of Skillshare: https://skl.sh/coldfusion06211

— About ColdFusion —
ColdFusion is an Australian based online media company independently run by Dagogo Altraide since 2009. Topics cover anything in science, technology, history and business in a calm and relaxed environment.

ColdFusion Discord: https://discord.gg/coldfusion

ColdFusion Music Channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCGkpFfEMF0eMJlh9xXj2lMw

ColdFusion Merch:
INTERNATIONAL: https://store.coldfusioncollective.com/
AUSTRALIA: https://shop.coldfusioncollective.com/

If you enjoy my content, please consider subscribing!
I’m also on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/ColdFusion_TV
Bitcoin address: 13SjyCXPB9o3iN4LitYQ2wYKeqYTShPub8

— “New Thinking” written by Dagogo Altraide —
This book was rated the 9th best technology history book by book authority.
In the book you’ll learn the stories of those who invented the things we use everyday and how it all fits together to form our modern world.
Get the book on Amazon: http://bit.ly/NewThinkingbook
Get the book on Google Play: http://bit.ly/NewThinkingGooglePlay
https://newthinkingbook.squarespace.com/about/

— ColdFusion Social Media —
» Twitter | @ColdFusion_TV
» Instagram | coldfusiontv
» Facebook | https://www.facebook.com/ColdFusionTV

Sources:

Realism Rocky Coast Graphics: https://youtu.be/ooT-kb12s18

Realistic Temple Graphics: https://youtu.be/dyoLVoyr8p0

Brian from Epic Games: https://youtu.be/jZsFjC3YO6I

Dog Polygon Test: https://www.reddit.com/r/unrealengine/comments/nlwqzu/this_is_a_10_million_polygon_photoscan_of_ziggy/

Starwars Flythrough: https://www.reddit.com/r/unrealengine/comments/nubyhw/ue5_nanitelumen_deathstar_test_this_is_nuts/

JSFILMZ Short Films: https://youtu.be/DU3rgEWR-QU , https://youtu.be/0cJ4DqvIrmc

Karma short film: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X6PD2pr48Qc&t=2s

Irradiation short film: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mXZ45yLpg14

Timo Helmers Metahuman: https://youtu.be/ViHg7XP8O7Y

Black Myth Trailer : https://youtu.be/nOMIwsupy9k

My Music Channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCGkpFfEMF0eMJlh9xXj2lMw

//Soundtrack//

Burn Water – Youth

Burn Water – Nostalgia Dreams

Sleepyfish – Schoolgrounds

Burn Water – American Memories

no spirit – leaves covered by snow

Sensi Sye – Only You

Burn Water – Don’t Want Me (unreleased)

» Music I produce | http://burnwater.bandcamp.com or
» http://www.soundcloud.com/burnwater
» https://www.patreon.com/ColdFusion_TV
» Collection of music used in videos: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YOrJJKW31OA

Producer: Dagogo Altraide

Why Can’t We Make New Stradivari Violins?

Head to https://cometeer.com/scishow to bypass the waitlist and receive 50% off your Cometeer order

Stradivarius are synonymous with quality, but how we can replicate their sound is a mystery!

Hosted by: Hank Green

SciShow has a spinoff podcast! It’s called SciShow Tangents. Check it out at http://www.scishowtangents.org
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Sources:

https://www.yamaha.com/en/musical_instrument_guide/violin/mechanism/
https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0109229
https://nph.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdfdirect/10.1002/ppp3.10097
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S1296207419303632
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S092583882034545X
https://www.pnas.org/content/pnas/114/1/27.full.pdf
https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/0034-4885/77/11/115901/meta
https://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2017/05/08/527057108/is-a-stradivarius-violin-easier-to-hear-science-says-nope
https://www.nature.com/articles/nature.2017.21954
https://theconversation.com/scientists-are-trying-to-uncover-what-makes-stradivarius-violins-special-but-are-they-wasting-their-time-70604

https://www.istockphoto.com/vector/illustration-with-the-violin-gm185432856-27476044
https://www.storyblocks.com/video/stock/playing-the-violin-close-up-hjt8hysfhjyg9lir1
https://www.istockphoto.com/vector/grunge-wooden-texture-vector-background-gm1175126851-327098497
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Stradivarius_Madrileno.tif
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Noordwijk_-_Glazige_buisjeszwam_(Physisporinus_vitreus%3F).jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:The_Frozen_Thames_1677.jpg
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Kuusk_Keila-Paldiski_rdt_%C3%A4%C3%A4res.jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Violin_Details.jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Violin_restoration.jpg
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/beautiful-woman-artist-playing-the-violin-on-the-stage-gm1134636493-301564728
https://www.storyblocks.com/video/stock/the-musician-plays-on-a-violin-sgyjacfizjdebpoy0
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Antonio_stradivari.jpg
https://simple.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stradivarius#/media/File:PalacioReal_Stradivarius1.jpg
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/instrument-maker-gm185407244-18458470

How immersive technologies (AR/VR) will shape our future | Dinesh Punni | TEDxTUBerlinSalon

Immersive (AR/VR) technologies are past the hype now. They are already being used across multiple industries outside of what many think is just gaming and entertainment. And now, they are slowly entering the consumer market – so what does this mean for us and our society?
Over the next years we have to completely reset our thinking on how we interact with digital information. Dinesh Punni has been eating, drinking, and breathing immersive technologies (AR/VR) for more than 5 years now.
Today, he uses his experience to pave the way for upcoming talents by teaching them how to create immersive experiences on his YouTube channel and immersive insiders, his online education platform.
More than 10.000 people are learning from his lectures today and his goal is to make immersive insiders the global standard for AR/VR education
When Dinesh is not creating content, he loves to read, compete in video games and take a walk in real reality. This talk was given at a TEDx event using the TED conference format but independently organized by a local community. Learn more at https://www.ted.com/tedx